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33 Cards in this Set

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Dwight D. Eisenhower
Supreme allied commander of the European theater of operation;

Commander of the Allied military assualt against Hitler in North Africa & France.
Commander of the Allied military against Hitler
Douglas MacArthur
Commanded Allied forces in the Pacific;

Commander of the U.S. ARMY in the Pacific during WWII, who fulfilled his promise to return to the Philippines.
Allied forces in the Pacific;

Commander of the U.S. ARMY in the Pacific;

Philippines
A. Philip Randolph
Union official who protested discrimination against black workers

Head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters whose threated march on Washington opened job opportunities for blacks during World War II.
black workers;

Head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.
Harry S. Truman
Became President after the death of Franklin Roosevelt;

Inconspicuous former senator from Missouri who was suddenly catapulted to national and world leadership on April 12, 1945.
From Missouri; April 12,1945.
Thomas E. Dewey
Republican candidate for President in 1944;

Republican presidential nominee in 1944 who found little support for his effor to deny FDR a fourth term.
Republican presidential nominee in 1944
Cordell Hull
FDR's secretary of state, who promoted reciprocal trade agreements, especially with Latin America.
FDR's secretary of state.
Adolf Hitler
Fanatical Fascist leader of Germany whose aggressions forced the United States to abandon its neutrality.
leader of Germany
Benito Mussolini
The lesser partner of the Rome-Berlin Axis, who invaded Ethiopia & joined Hitler's war against France and Britain.
invaded Ethiopia & joined Hitler's war against France
Senator Gerald Nye
Instigator of 1934 Senate hearings that castigated WWI munitions manufacturers as "merchants of death."
Instigator of 1934 Senate hearings
Francisco Franco
Facist rebel against the Spanish Loyalist government
Facist rebel
Rhineland
Demilitarized territory under the Versailles Treaty, occupied by Hitler in 1935 in his 1st blatant act of aggression.
territory under the Versailles Treaty.
Czechoslovakia
Small East European democracy betrayed into Hitler's hands at Munich.
Small East European democracy
Poland
East European nation whose September 1939 invasion by Hitler set off World War II in Europe.
East European nation; September 1939 invasion.
France
Nation whose sudden fall to Hitler in 1940 pushed the United States closer to direct aid to Britain.
Fell to Hitler in 1940; pushed the US closer to direct aid to Britain.
Charles A. Lindbergh
Leader of the "America First" organization & chief spokesman for U.S. isolationism.
Leader of the "America First."
Wendell Willkie
Dynamic but politically inexperienced Republican presidential nominee who attacked FDR on domestic issues but avoided criticizing his foreign policy.
Republican presidential who attacked FDR on domestic issues.
Winston Churchill
Courageous British prime minister who led Britain's lonely resistance to Hitler;

Allied leader who met with FDR to plan strategy at Casablanca & Teheran.
Courageous British prime minister;

Allied leader; plan strategy at Casablanca & Teheran.
Joseph Stalin
Russian dictator who 1st helped Hitler destroy Poland, then became a victim of Nazi aggression in 1941;

The Allied leader who constantly pressured the United States & Britain to open a "second front" against Hitler.
Russian dictator;

Allied leader who constantly pressured the US & Britain to open a "second front"
Iceland
North Atlantic island near whose waters U.S. destroyers came under Nazi submarine attack
North Atlantic island;
came under Nazi submarine attack.
Hawaii
Site of a naval base where Japan launched a devastating surprise attack, plunging the United States into World War II
Japan launched a devastating surprise attack on this site (naval base).
Henry J. Kaiser
Leading American industrialist & shipbuilder during WWII.
American industrialist & shipbuilder
John L. Lewis
Tough head of the United Mine Workers, whose work stoppages precipitated antistrike laws
Head of the United Mine Workers.
Deitroit
Site of a serious racial disturbance during WWII
Site of a serious racial disturbance.
Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek)
U.S. ally who resisted Japanese advances in China during WWII.
U.S. ally who resisted Japan advances.
Chester Nimitz
Commander of the U.S. naval forces in the Pacific & brilliant strategist of the "island-hopping" campaign.
Commander of the U.S. NAVAL forces in the Pacific;
"island hopping"
Henry Wallace
FDR's liberal vice-president during most of World War II, who was dumped from the ticket in 1944.
FDR's liberal vice-president; dumped from the ticket in 1944.
Tokyo
Site of massive U.S. conventional bombing raid in March 1945 that killed an estimated 83,000 people.
Site of massive U.S. conventional bombing raid (March 1945).
Hiroshima
City where a single U.S. bomb caused 180,000 casualties & forced Japan's surrender.
Site of a dropped U.S. bomb
Operation Torch
Name of the Allied invasion of North Africa.
North Africa.
Executive Order 8802
Banned racial discrimination in government agencies.
banned racial discrimination.
Operation Overlord
Name of the Allied cross-channel invasion of France.
France
Yalta Conference
Provided for the Allied occupation of Germany.
allied occupation of Germany
Manhattan Project
Resulted in the explosion of an atomic device
explosion of an atomic device