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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
THE FIVE STEPS OF THE WRITING PROCESS
STEP 1: PREWRITING
STEP 2: DRAFTING
STEP 3: REVISING
STEP 4: PROOFREADING
STEP 5: PUBLISHING
STEP 1: PREWRITING
THINK
Decide on a topic to write about. Brainstorm ideas about the subject.
Consider who will read or listen to your written work.
List places where you can research information. Do your research.
STEP 2: DRAFTING
WRITE
Put the information you researched into your own words.
Read what you have written and judge if it says what you mean. Write sentences and paragraphs even if they are not perfect.
Show it to others and ask for suggestions.
STEP 3: REVISING
MAKE IT BETTER
Read what you have written again.
Rearrange words or sentences.
Take out or add parts. Think about what others said about it.
Replace overused or unclear words.
Read your writing aloud to be sure it flows smoothly.
STEP 4: PROOFREADING
MAKE IT CORRECT
Have someone check your work.
Recopy it correctly and neatly.
Be sure all sentences are complete.
Correct spelling, capitalization, and punctuation.
Change words that are not used correctly.
STEP 5: PUBLISHING
SHARE THE FINISHED PRODUCT
Read your writing aloud to a group.
Create a book of your work.
Send a copy to a friend or relative.
Put your writing on display.
Illustrate, perform, or set your creation to music.
Congratulate yourself! Job well done!
How to read a short story
Before
During
After
Before:
Before:
Look at the stories title:
What might the story be about?
Use and develop your background knowledge about the subject.
Establish a purpose for reading the story.
Orient yourself:
How long is the story?
Is the language difficult/easy?
During:
During:
Identify the main characters.
Identify the plot or situation.
Pay attention to the setting.
Consider the stories point of view.
Pay attention to the authors use of time.
Find the crucial moment.
Remember why you are reading the story.
After:
After:
Read first to understand…then to analyze.
Ask if you understood what happened in the story.
Return to the title.
Relate the title to the story.
See the connections.
Did the author or did you…
The first step in editing is to read the text completely. The second step is the actual marking.
1)
1) Correctly capitalize the title
2)
2) Titles within text are underlined (books, plays, periodicals, films) or in quotes (short stories, poems, articles, songs, chapters).
3)
3) Each paragraph is indented properly.
4)
4) Quotation marks are used with conversation.
5)
5) Proper nouns are capitalized.
6)
6) Transitions are clear (sentences flow together to make sense).
7)
7) Sentences are complete thoughts with a noun and a verb.
8)
8) There are no run-on sentences.
9)
9) Each sentence ends with the proper punctuation.
10)
10) Adjectives and adverbs are used.
11)
11) Author's handwriting is easy to read.
12)
12) Apostrophes are used in contractions and possessive nouns.
Analyzing Poetry
1)
1) Read the poem aloud twice.
2)
2) Identify the rhetorical situation.
-Speaker, occasion, audience, purpose, subject, tone.
3)
3) Identify the literal level of meaning.
-Paraphrase the poem aloud, consider the implication of the title.
4)
4) Identify key examples of diction.
-Look up unfamiliar words, consider sound patterns, consider the effect of rhyme and/or repetition.
5)
5) Identify key details and images.
-Identify sensory details and images, identify imagery.
6)
6) Look for figurative language.
7)
7) Reread the poem.
8)
8) Consider the overall structure of the poem. What patterns do you see?
9)
9) Write a topic sentence about the way that the technical level of the poem compliments the theme.