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12 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
1. anthropological (adjective)

From Greek: anthropos (human being)
referring to the stydy of human beings & their cultures

In landmark anthropological research, Annette Weiner explored the complex society of the Trobriand Islanders in the Pacific.
2. misanthrope (noun, person)

From Greek: misein(to hate)+ anthrop(human)
a person who hates or distrusts other people

A failure in business & personal life, the misanthrope resented the happiness of other.

Related Word
misanthropic (adj) Misanthropic people can make cruel remarks to salespeople & waiters.
3. philanthropist (noun)

From Greek: philos (loving)+anthrop (human)
One who wishes to help humanity; a person who makes large gifts to charity.

Philanthropists Bill & Melinda Gates have donated millions of dollars for health care research.

Relative Words
philanthropic (adj) The philanthropic efforts of the American Jewish community helped build the state of Israel.
Philanthropy (noun) Mexicans working in the United States often demonstrate by donating money to improve their home towns.
4. congential (adj)

From Latin: com-(together; with)-gen (birth)(If something is congenita, you are born with it.)
Existing at birth

Tim Branday, a victim of congenital deafness, received a cochlear implant tha enables to hear.

NOTE: Congenital can also mean habitual, ad in "He is a congenital liar."
5. genesis (noun)

From Greek: gen (birth)(Genesis meant "birth" or "origin" in ancient Greek.)
origin; beginning

The genesis of writing dates back 3,500 years to the Summerians.

Many scientists think that the genesis of the universe was an enormous explosion called the "big bang"
6. genocide (noun)

From Greek: gen (type)+Latin:-cidium (killing)(Genos meant "race")
the planned murder of an entire group

The genocide of Armenians durings WWI result i over a million deaths.

Related Word
genocidal (adj) The genocidal Khmer Rouge regime killed hundreds of thousands of fellow Combodians.
7. nominal (adj)

From Latin: nom (name)
in name only

Althought Queen Elizabeth II is the nominal ruler of England, the prime minister & Parliament hold most of the power.

a very small amount

The nonprofit group paid the city a nominal sum of $25 for a year's rent.
8. pseufonym (noun)

From Greek: psedues (false)+nym (name)
assumed nameL pen name

Stephen King has published successful novels using the pseudonym Richard Bachman.
9. renowned (adjective)

From Latin: re-(again)+ nom (to name)(A person who is "named repeatedly" becomes famous.)
famous; well regarded

Scientist Jane Goodall is renowned for her work with wild chmpanzees.

Hawaii is renowned for its beautiful beaches.

Related Word
renown (nount) The chef won renown for her excellent cheesecake.
10. viable(adjective)

From Latin: vit (life), becoming French vie (life)
capable of living; capable of success; workable

Mosquito eggs remain viable for fours years, awaiting enough rain to hatch.

For many people, a second carreer has become a viable alternative to retirement.
11. vital (adjective)

From Latin: vit (life)
referring to life

The doctor measured he pulse, blood pressure, and other vital signts.
Food is vital to life.
A day off is vital to my sanity

lively; full of life; busy

Seattle's vital to my sanity.

vitality (noun) The teacher's vitality enabled him to work long hours in after-school programs. (Vitality means "life energy")
12. vivacious (adjective)

From Latin: viv (to live)(Vivax meant lively."
Lively; full of spirit

No picture could capture the vivacious spirit of the hight school cheerleader.

vivacity (noun) The teenager's vivacity captured the boy's attention.

NOTE: Vivacious is usually used to describe women.