Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cell death caused by a blockage of the oxygen supply to the injured area or caused by enzymatic damage and mitochondrial failure
Secondary damage
natural response to an injury through which dead or lost tissue is replaced by living tissue.
Tissue Healing
Most abundant type of tissue in the body.
Produced by fibroblasts
Connective tissue
The predominant type of connective tissue
Secretes extracellular matrix components
Produces extracellular matrix components in cartilage
Produces extracellular matrix components with contractile properties
Stores lipids
Responsible for transferring physical loads of force
Deep fascia
An excessive accumulation of serous fluids.
Delicate tissue composed of fibroblasts, collagen, and capillaries formed during the revascularization phase of wound healing
Granulation tissue
Bleeding, from veins, arteries, or capillaries
A blood-thinning chemical released from damaged tissue during the inflammatory process. Its primary function is vasodilation of arterioles and increased vascular permeability in venules
Local and temporary deficiency of blood supply caused by obstruction of circulation to a part.
Chemicals that act through indirect means
A classification of scavenger cells that ingest and destroy unwanted substances in the body.
A protein based connective tissue
A cell concerned with the formation of new bone
A cell that absorbs and removes unwanted bone
A nerve that provides impulses to muscles
Motor nerve
A group of skeletal muscle fibers that are innervated by a single motor nerve
Motor Unit
Carrying impulses toward a central structure,the brain.
Carrying impulses away from a central stucture. Nerves leaving the CNS.
Dominate the first 6 to 24 hours of phagocytosis, releasing chemical "cluster bombs" that are intended to destroy bacteria but end up traumatizing all tissues in the area
-Mechanism designed to rid the body of damaged tissue
-It is an immediate response to acute injuries
-It is non-specific to site or stimulus
-Essential for tissue repair
What is the inflammatory response?
fibroblastic-repair, fibroplasia (scar formation))
(maturation-repair, remodeling (scar maturation))
-Short onset and duration
-Hemodynamic changes
-Production of exudate -Presence of granular leukocytes
-More extensive formation of scar tissue
Acute inflammation
-Occurs when the acute inflammatory response does not eliminate the injurious agent
-Longer onset & duration
-Displays the replacement of leukocytes with macrophages, lymphocytes, & plasma cells
Chronic Inflammation
-Trauma followed by transient vasoconstriction to control hemorrhaging
First process of acute inflammation
-Vasodilatation and increased blood flow
-Coinciding with these vascular changes in an increase in vascular permeability
Second stage of acute inflammation
- Gaps then occur in the cell walls increase the intravascular hydrostatic pressure (IHP) which causes fluid to filtrate out into the interstitial space
-Fluid accumulates, causing edema (clinical manifestation of increase in vascular permeability)
Third stage of acute inflammation
-Trauma followed by vasoconstriction of capillaries, venules, and arterioles and = decrease in blood flow (transient)
-Occurs as norepinephrine is released into the tissue to prevent blood loss to the affected area
Stage 1 Inflammation