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23 Cards in this Set

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ANSCHLUSS
annexation of Austria by Germany in 1938
ANTI-COMINTERN PACT
Hitler and Japan; offered security against Russia
ATLANTIC CHARTER
August 1941; called for peace without territorial expansion or secret agreements; free elections; self-determination for all liberated nations
CASABLANCA CONFERENCE
accept nothing less than unconditional surrender of Axis powers
CHAMBERLAIN
gullible British Prime Minister; declared that Britain and France would fight if Hitler attacked Poland
CHURCHILL
greatest wartime leader; rallied the British with his speeches; confidence; determination; known for his "iron curtain" speech; led the British during WWII; agreed Hitler should be conquered; was thrown out by his own people
D-DAY
June 6, 1944; Americans &British forces under Eisenhower landed on the beaches of Normandy; this was history's greatest naval invasion
BATTLE OF STALINGRAD
turning point for Germany in the war
FRANCO
Spanish General; organized the revolt in Morocco, which led to the Spanish Civil War; leader of the Nationalists; supported by Hitler &Mussolini; won the Civil War after 3 years of fighting
LEBENSAUM
room to move; phrase used by Hitler to justify invasion of other countries.
LEND-LEASE PROGRAM
1941; US lent money &resources to the European states to help reconstruction
MAGINOT LINE
line of defense built by France to protect against German invasion; stretched ftom Belgium to Switzerland
MUNICH CONFERENCE
1938; Chamberlain, France and other countries (not Russia); they agreed that Sudentenland should be ceded to Germany; Chamberlain secured peace with Germany
PACIFICISM
anabaptists laid great stress on this; they would not run for office or serve in the armed forces; not being involved in many wars
POTSDAM CONFERENCE
brought forward many differences over east Europe; postwar conference in July of 1945; Stalin would not allow any type of freely elected government in east European countries; Roosevelt had died and was succeeded by Harry Truman, who demanded free elections.
ROME-BERLIN ACT
1936; close cooperation between Italy &Germany; soon Japan joined; resulted from Hitler; who had supported Ethiopia and Italy, he overcame Mussolini's lingering doubts about the Nazis
ROMMEL
"Desert Fox" May 1942; German &Italian armies were led by him; attacked British occupied Egypt &the Suez Canal for the second time; were defeated at the Battle of El Alamein; was moved to France to oversee the defenses before D-Day; tried to assassinate Hitler
RUSSO-GERMAN NONAGGRESSION PACT
Hitler &Stalin promised to remain neutral if either country were to become involved in war; August 1939; was supposed to last 10 years, but Hitler invaded Russia in 1941
STALIN
Communist statesman; leader of Bolshevik Party; became ruler of USSR after Lenin; assumed full military and political leadership; war on peasantry to bring control of state
SUDETENLAND
Hitler wanted German speaking people in West Czech; this would be given to Germany
TEHERAN CONFERENCE
1943; Stalin, Roosevelt, Churchill; confirmed their defense to crush Hitler
YALTA CONFERENCE
Big Three met in February 1945 in southern Russia; it was agreed that Germany would be divided into zones of oocupation; would pay heavy reparations to the soviet Union; reparations would be determined by their economic prosperity; east European governments were to be freely elected but pro-soviet
SPANISH CIVIL WAR
authoritarian regime was established in Spain