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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
building up military strength
pride in one's country
trench warfare
military operations in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from systems or fortfield ditches rather than an open battle field
a way of spreading information, ususally involving the manipulation of society--sometimes innaccurate
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
heir to the Austria-Hungary throne and was assassinated by Serbian teenager, Gavrilo Princip
Triple Alliance
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Triple Entente
Great Britain, France, Russia
Central Powers
the group of nations led by Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire that opposed the Allies
Allied Powers
Great Britain, France, Russia, and later the U.S.
Zimmerman Telegram
a message sent to Mexico from Germany, proposing an alliance if the U.S. entered World War I. Germany promised to help Mexico regain Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona
Selective Service Act
a law, enacted in 1917, that required men to register for military service
Liberty Bonds
when you buy a bond, you are lending money to the government
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
treaty where Russia gave up land to Germany
Fourteen Points
the principles making up Woodrow Wilson's plan for world peace, following World War I
League of Nations
an association of nations established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace
the compensations paid by a defeated nation for damage or injury it inflicted during the war
Russian Revolution
March 1917--communist party took over in Russia
the communist party in Russia
"no man's land"
an unoccupied region between opposing armies // land in between the trenches filled with mines
a British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-boat in 1915
convoy system
the protection of merchant ships from U-boat attacks by having the ships travel in large groups under the protection of war ships
Alvin York
was a conscientious objector - was forced to go to war
conscientious objector
a person who refuses, on moral grounds, to participate in warfare
War Industries Board
an agency created to control production in industries
Espionage and Sedition Acts
2 laws enacted in 1917 & 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in World War I
war-guilt clause
a provision in the Treaty of Versailles by which Germany acknowledged that it alone was responsible for World War I
Henry Cabot Lodge
leader of conservative senators<--didn't want to get involved int the war