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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, (later the Ottoman Empire)
Allied Powers
France, Britain, Russia, (later Japan, Italy, and the U.S.)
The Lusitania
British passenger liner sunk by German U-boat off the coast of Ireland May 1915; 128 American lives were lost, Americans were livid
Sussex Ultimatum
Germany sunk a French passenger steamer, the Sussex, and 4 Americans were killed; Wilson warned Germany to stop sinking merchant ships or U.S. would break diplomatic relations
Charles Evans Hughes
Republican nominee in the Election of 1916 backed by both Republicans and progressives
"He Kept Us Out of War"
Wilson's slogan in Election of 1916
Election of 1916
Democrat Wilson defeated Republican Hughes
unrestricted submarine warfare
Germany declared in 1917 that all ships would be sunk, including American vessels; they believed U.S. would enter war too late
Russian Revolution
the Czarist regime was overthrown, replaced with a more democratic government
Zimmerman Note
proposal from German foreign secretary that if Mexico declared war on U.S., Germany would help Mexico reclaim TX, NM, AZ
League of Nations
proposed international organization to supply collective security
National War Labor Board
created to oversee labor disputes; recognized workers' right to unionize; seen as revolutionary
IWW
used labor sabotage to undermine war efforts
Liberty loan drives
parades and slogans used to raise money for the war; combined efforts netted 2/3 of current cost of war to U.S.
Food Administration
preferred voluntary compliance over formal laws; declared "Wheatless Wednesdays" and "Meatless Tuesdays" on voluntary basis; "victory gardens"
Creel Committee
also known as Committee on Public Information; created to sell America on war and sell the world on Wilsonian war aims
George Creel
young journalist who created the Creel Commitee
War Industries Board
aimed to control raw materials, production, prices and labor relations
Bernard Baruch
appointed to head of War Industries Board
Espionage Act of 1917
provided fines and imprisonment for persons making false statements aiding the enemy, inciting rebellion, or evading draft
Sedition Act 1918
forbade any criticism of the government, flag, or uniform and expanded mail exclusion
Eugen V. Debs
sentenced to 10 years in prison under Sedition Act
John Pershing
head of first separate U.S. army
Second Battle of the Marne
French counteroffensive to German drive, aided by U.S.
Meuse-Argonne Offensive
undertaken by Pershing's Army; part of last major allied attack involving millions
armistice
cease fire
influenza epidemic
major cause of civilian death
Henry Cabot Lodge
led opposition of Versailles treaty, demanding provisions for the preservation of the Monroe Doctrine
Big Four
Wilson of the U.S.
David Lloyd George of Britain
Georges Clemenceau of France
Vittorio Orlando of Italy
Treaty of Versailles
placed sole blame of war on Germany, Germany obliged to pay reparations of $31 billion to Allies, Germany forced to accept severe military reconstruction, and Germany was left out of the League of Nations
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
his assassination was the trigger of WWI
"Make the world safe for democracy"
Wilson's idealism seeking to inspire Americans to fight
"War to end all wars"
Wilson's idealism seeking th inspire Americans to fight
American Expeditionary Force
small initial American force sent to France under John Pershing
Schneck v. U.S.
stated Congress could limit free speech when words represented a "clear and present danger..."
Doughboys
nickname given to AEF
Mandate
victors could not receive conquered territory outright but only as trustees of the League of Nations
self-determination
freedom of country to decide its own political status; granted in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Finland, Yugoslavia, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia
Warren G. Harding
defeated Wilson in Election of 1820
normalcy
Harding's campaign promise