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104 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Mohammad
Muslim prophet
Five pillars
creed, prayer, charity, ramadan, pilgrimmage
mecca
muslim holy city, ishmael fled there--> muslim
dome of the rock
muslim church in jersusalem
hegira
622, muhammad goes from mecca to medina
sunni and sheite
muslim groups
-sunnis: smaller, wanted elected position
-sheites: larger, family member
koran
bok of muslims
semetic
descendant of shem
abraham
hebrews, israelites and jews are his descendants. gave monotheism. son of shem. sons are issac and ishmael.
torah
book of judaism
messiah
savior, jesus christ
christianity
savior was Jesus
three branches
orthodox, catholic, protestant
antioch
40 AD, where christianity was established.
alexandria
45 AD, 2nd place of christinaity in egypt. coptic church
anti semitism
anti jew
diaspora
70 AD, jews leave homeland bc of romans
blood libel
jewish did rituals on christian boys to kill
occupations of jews
bankers, artisians, mercanhts
crusaders
forced christianity on people
pope inncoent III- jew hat
made jews stand out
balfour decleration
1917. issued by british. favored jews getting homeland, but not moving arabs.
white paper
went against balfour. issued by british. stopped jewish emigration to homeland.
zionism
political movement of jews moving back to homeland
theodore hertzel
hungarian jew. jew rep. started zionoist congress. united the jews.
UN partition of palestine
split israel 40% palestinains
60% jews
war of independence 1948
israel becomes a state because they warred to get all of israel.
six day war 1967
israel gets sinai penn, west bank, gaza strip, golan heights
nasser
arab egyptian president. nationalized suez canal
pan arab
unfying arabs
sadat
president after nasser. signed camp david accords, much to upset of people. own army killed him
begin
leader of israel. signed accords
camp david accords
treaty recognizing israel as a state. Sadat, begin and carter signed. also, egypt gets back sinai penninsula
oil discovered
iran-1908
iraq- 1911
arab general strike
1936-9. arab uprising against west. many arabs killed. they "lost"
dier yassin
massacre of palestinains by israelites
shah
iran leader. usa liked him b/c not a terrorist
aswan dam
dam founded by the ussr
PLO
palestinain liberation organization
UN resolution 242
UN will not recognize territories gained by war in israel (stands today)
iranian revolution of 1979
ayotollah khomenni overthrows Shah (who US does not like)
assination of sadat
own army killed him b/c of camp david accords
invasion of lebanon by israel
israel wins and lebabnon gets whole middle east aginst them
mandate from heaven
right to rule people
three streams of chinese thought
buddism, confuscism, taoism
buddha
bitter
taoism
smile
confucious
sour
wen
arts
chun tzu
good hostess
te
govt, moral rule
li
respect for age, the way to live
jen
virtue of all virtues
sun yat sen
3 principles of people, founded nationalist party
chaing kai shek
founded nationalist army, sided with wealthy, took over ntlist party
mao zedong
cultural revolution, ideology vs. expertise, long march, great leap foward, first comm leader, 5 year plan
Deng Xiaoping
4 monderizations, 2nd comm leader, tianemmen square,
Long march
6000 mile flee of communist from nationalists (south to north)
marxism
communism
totalitarian state
complete rule by 1
red guards
mao's army
little red book
mao's book of communism
gang of 4
mao's widow and 3 others try to keep communism and violence, and fail--> jail
tianamen sq.
students rally in beijing (t sq) for the slowness of modernizations and democracy. deng shoots them
marco polo
1271 in china. llots of written docs
commisioner lin
started opium ears
opium wars
most despicable war in british histry
treaty of nanking
ended opium war, "spheres of influence"
sino-japenese war
japan and china fight for control of taiwan and korea. japan wins
empress dowager
ended reforms. threw a coup over reformers. influened boxer rebellion
boxer rebellion
uprising against west and foreigners. killed many throughout china
uncarved block
taoism, simplicity, going with the flow
economic reforms
out w/old, in w/new. communism---> capitilism
raja yoga
mind and body, experimental path
bhakti yoga
love and devotion, emotional path
karma yoga
work and deeds, active path
jhana yoga
knowledge and wisdom, refelctive path
vedas
oldest text, hymns and scriptures
caste system
classifying people by skin color. untouchables lowest
bhagavad gita
poem: materilaism destroys humanity
shiva
worlds oldest God. male and female
sandskrit
indian's sacred language. oldest living
bonras
holy city of shiva
buddha
50 BC. suffering must be comprehended
dharma
right conduct
aryans
invaded india and established caste system
gandhi
leader of indian people. fought for independence
general smuts
leader of south africa
ashram
community
jinnah
muslim leader of pakistan
nehru
hindu leader of india
mahatma
great soul
Dyer
ordered amristsar massacre
ganges
river
partition
1947. india split
burn passes
first act of gandhi-SA
amritsar massacre
943 people died. walked into guards
salt march
ashram--> indian ocean. protesting indian salt taxes
line of control
divides kashmir india and pakistan
maharaja
hindu that gave kashmir to india
musharif
prime minister of pakistan
mujahadeen
terrorists
kashmir
india vs. pakistan. lots of resources. fighting since forever!
AQ Khan
father of the nuclear bomb. wants muslims to reunite and become powerful