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17 Cards in this Set

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Who had the illumination theory, and what was it?
Francisco de Vitora, O.P. (1493- 1546), and it was where the natives' culpability was not whether they had heard the gospel, but if it had been proclaimed with persuasive demonstration. needed reasons to believe, and sufficient signs. if gospel was preached without adequate signs of truth, then unbelief is not culpable (unculpable belief); people in new world condemned for personal sins, but not unbelief
What did the Dominicans at Salamanaca reconcile?
the situation of people in the new world, according to Thomas Aquinas, where eplicit faith, or at least desire for baptism, and the universal salvific will of God
What did M. Cano O.P. (1505-1560) say about people in the new world?
those who lived in new world are like those who lived before Christ, therefore need implicit faith in Christ; implicit faith is sufficient for justification (remission of original sin) but not for salvation; write work in 1547, sacraments are necessary for explicit Christian faith for salvation
What are the requirements of a prophet?
message- words; deeds- signs.
How was Moses a prophet?
his staff turned into a snake, the water in the river turned to blood, and his hand turned from leprous to not in front of the people he was preaching to.
What are the two necessities for salvation?
justification- being forgiven; sanctification- build up a relationship
What was the leading theology of the time of the Dominicans?
to follow the teachings of Thomas Aquinas
What did Domingo Soto, O.P (1524- 1560) say?
in 1549, rejected Cano's division of justification and salvation; if God justifies, God will save; if implicit faith is sufficient for justification, should be sufficient for salvation; solution used for people before Christ also works for people in new world; refers to "fides confusa"
Who wrote "fides confusa"?
Augustine?
In summary, what did Cano and Soto say?
if ignorance of Gospel (not belonging to the Church) is inculpable, then use implicit faith solution (Heb 11:6)
In summation, what did de Vitora say?
culpability is determined in how the gospel was preached, and whether the gospel was preached
What is the "natural" position?
the council implies a supernatural good, but never explicitly affirms that; council oes not teach by implication; only teaches what explicitly affirms
What is the "supernatural" position?
council implies a supernatual good; never explicitly afforms; council does teach by implication, not only by explicit affirmation
In the religious traditions of non-Christians, there exist the following:
elements which are true and good, precious things, both religious and human, seeds of contemplation, elements of truth and grace, seeds of the word (God), reflected rays of the truth which enlightens all (Jesus)
Why was the council (with nostra aetate) deliberately vague?
did not know enough about other religions; didn't want to be quick to assume
Who wrote "Evangelii Nantiandi"?
Pope Paul VI
What did Paul VI say about other religions?
they have their arms stretched out towards heaven, which is man's search for god; no contact (God too tall); natural position (no presence of God); no authentic and living relationship with God is established