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70 Cards in this Set

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What are the details surrounding the diffusion theory?
Adam had all truth and there was a diffusion where all relgions was spread throughout the world. Cain was the altering view.
First signs of prehistoric religion?
Burial practices, cave drawings
What are the prehistoric understandings of God?
Worship: goddess, zoolatry, cave paintings, imitative magic
What is imitative magic?
imitate nature so that it happens
What is Zoolatry and who practiced it?
Zoolatry is animal worship b/c powers we don't have. Egyptians, prehistoric relgions.
What is the Egyptian concept of a dual-soul?
Ba - body, will, actions, physical
Ka - intellecutal, personality
What is the current scholarly take on Homer?
Bogus, wrote fiction
Four reasons why an LDS person should study World Relgions?
1. Strengthen own testimony
2. Understand how God works in others lives
3. Be respectful, not ignorant
4. Spread the gospel through understanding
Which Article of Faith supports the study of World Relgions?
Article 11
What are six ways to show respect for other relgions?
1. Treat their articles and practices respectfully
2. Obserce custons as appropriate
3. Never ridicule
4. Avoid arguing
5. Be kind to their representatives
6. All sons and daughters of God
What is the key question to ask if a doctrine is weird?
How does this explain something in life?
What do Jews believe about Abraham?
Father of the land, the covenant, and the people
What do Jews believe about Moses?
Teacher of the Torah, law of Judaism given at Sinai, verbal and written, last and great Prophet
Afikomen
Broken piece of unleavaned bread not eaten until the end of passover
Aggadah
Jewish "lore" - part of oral Torah with storeis, philosophies, theologies, etc.
Ashkenazim
Jews from Europe
Bar Mitzvah
"Son of the commandment" age 13
Bat Mitzvah
"daughter of the commandment" age 12
Diaspora
The world outside of Israel
Gemara
Commentary by Rabbis by issues raised in the Mishnah (written oral law)
Get
divorce
Halacha
part of Oral Torah that is law
Hasidim
love of and a personal relationship with God
Kaddish
prayer on greatness of God
Ketuvim
"writings" third portion of Jewish bible
Kippah
hat for Jewish males
Kosher
"fit" - food Jews can eat
Mazzah
Unleavened bread
Menorah
candle with seven branches symbolizes israel's national seal
Mezuzah
"doorpost" - contains Shema
Midrash
"search" - oral tradition not in Gemara
Mikveh
ritual bath
Minyan
ten males for prayers
Mishnah
written oral law
Mitnagdim
emphasis on learning tradition than emotion
Mohel
performs circumcision
Nevi'im
"prophets" - second part of Jewish bible
Pogrom
riots that killed Jews
Rabbi
"my master" - an authorized teacher
Rebbe
spiritual head of hasidic community
Seder
order of the Passover meal
Sephardim
Jews from Spain or Arab
Shema
"hear" - Israels fundamental confessions of faith
Shiva
seven days of mourning
Talit
prayer shawl
Talmud
Mishna + Germara = foundational writings of Orthodox life
Tanak
Torah, Nevi'i, Ketuvim = TNK Tanak
Tefillin
leather boxes worn on arm and forehead for weekday morning prayers
Torah
The Pentateuch, first five books of the Tanak
Tzitzit
undershirt of fringes that symbolize the law
Yarmulka
Yiddish word for male hat
Zionism
establish Jewish state in Israel
What do Jews think of Heaven?
Obedience, the Messiah, read Torah, state of rest, vague
What goes on in a Jewish marriage?
bride walks around groom seven times, drink from cup of wine, glass is broken
What are funeral practices of Jews?
Tear in cloth, shiva (seven days mourning), kaddish (mourners prayer), regular restrictions
What are Jewish prayer practices?
Minyan, morning prayer with tallit, tefillin (boxes)
Jewish holiday Rosh Hashanah
new year, special foods, regular restrictions
Jewish holdiday Yom Kippur
end of 10 day repentence, regular restrictions, goat slain in temple,Mikveh (bath), chanting of Kol Nidre (clean slate)
Jewish holiday Sukkot
feast of Tabernacle, booths, symbolize life is fleeting, Bible characters
Jewish holdiay Simhat Torah
"Reveling with the Torah) last day of Rosh Hashanah
Jewish holdiay Hanukkah
Menorah (8 main, 1 center), miracle of the lights, not biblical
Jewish holdiay Tu Bishvat
environmentalists day, day after tax day, big feast
Jewish holdiay Purim
Esther
Jewish holdiay Passover
Moses and the flee from Egypt to the promised land
Jewish holdiay Omer
mourning and depressing (links passover and Pentacaust)
Jewish holdiay Shavout
Pentecost, when Moses gets the law, 49 days, stay up all night reading Torah, also David's b-day
Jewish holdiay Three Weeks
The dark Time, grief for Solomon and Herods temple being destroyed, holocaust
What is the Kosher law?
No eatin meat or dairy products together, endow things with meaning, eat part the hoof and chew cud
List denominations most conservative to most liberal:
ultra-orthodox, modern orthodox, conservative, reformed, assimilated
What are Sabbath practices?
Family gathering, two candles, two loaves of break, cup of wine. Elevated to Kings and Queens of God, blessing for girls and boys, hymns, prayers