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101 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Analogy
refers to the direct comparison of the sacred with something that is familiar
Sacred
mysterious, indescribable force
(something beyond our ordinary world)
apocryoha
books that are not part of the official cannon of scripture, but which are still considered scared
cannon
an official list of sacred to be in a book (example: Bible)
diety
God
exegesis
interpretation of a specific passage of scripture
example: "Do not kill"
fundamentalism
often used to describe who follow an orthodox form of religion
heretic
people who publicly assert contorversial positions or disagree with orthodox forms of worship
hermeneutics
the method of interpretation that we bring to scripture
liberal
someone who takes a more flexible approach to their religious tradition
exegesis
interpretation of a specific passage of scripture
example: "Do not kill"
fundamentalism
often used to describe who follow an orthodox form of religion
heretic
people who publicly assert contorversial positions or disagree with orthodox forms of worship
hermeneutics
the method of interpretation that we bring to scripture
liberal
someone who takes a more flexible approach to their religious tradition
metaphore
a figure of speech, a symbolic expression
mystic/mysticism
another way to interpret scripture is to read it like a mystic/ mysticism tends to be an individual and personal experience
oral scripture
because they have not been written down, the sacred stories of the primal religions are sometimes called this
orthodox
people who try to follow an established religious tradition
religion
defined as a system of belief that includes sacred stories, doctrines, rituals, ethics, and a moral code and that attempts to connect people with the sacred.
religious studies
studies of different religions
scripture
is the sacred writings of a religion that are considered authoratative because people read scripture to learn what is right or wrong
story
all religions have stories that they consider sacred. These stories are the basis for the beliefs and practices of each religion
apologetics
the use of theology to defend a religion
cosmogony
or cosmology, is a story about the creation of the world
cosmological proof
the first arguement, developed by the Christian theologian Thomas Aquinas (1224/5- 1274)
creed
short simple statements that people can learn to recite as a way to profess thier faith
doctrine
special teachings about the sacred
dogma
an authoritative opinion based on sacred scriptures or the teachings of a religious group that is considered authoritative
ethics
moral codes that help them to distinguish between what is right or wrong
faith
the belief in religious doctrine
First cause
Aquinas believed this was God
moral arguement
the fourth proof for God's existence. developed by the theologian Anselm (1033-1109)
decided God is abeing than which nothing greater can be concieved
norms
standards(norms)
ontological proof
3rd proof for God's existence. German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) believed that we must assume the existence of a just God who will recompense humans for being good.
philosophy
the study of wisdom and knowledge, to defend the truths of a religion
teleological proof
the 2nd arguement theologians have used to prove God's existence- believed the design of the universe was visible proof of God's existence
theodicy
theological speculation about the problem of evil
theology
The disciplined study of religious questions, such as the nature of God, sin, and salvation.
theologians
religious scholars- usually wrote creeds
agnosticism
agnostics believe that we do not have sufficient proof either to doubt or affirm God's existence
angel
spiritual being
animism
the belief that the entire world is alive wit spirits
belief
the acceptance of factual statements
deism
the belief that God id distant and is not actively involved in the world
dualism
belief in the existence of lesser beings created by God but are not God
example: satan
goddess
a female God
henotheism
the belief that some gods are more important that others and only worship dieties
humanism
the belief that people are basically good and can save themselves
immanence
a doctrine that holds that the diety is in everything and is everything
materialism
the belief that nothing exists apart from matter
monism
the belief developed that God is many yet one; cross between theistic and non theistic religion; some scholars view it as a combo of monotheistic and polytheistic religion
monotheism
the belief in the existence of a single god
nontheism
the belief in a spiritual reality but not in the existence of a personal god
ominpotent
belief that God has total power over the universe
pantheism
one form of nontheistic religion-- this word describes the view that everything is God
pantheon
the arrangement of gods and ranking of deities
Polytheism
the belief in the existence of many gods
satan
the devil
skepticism/skeptics
those who do not choose to practice or believe in a religion- the doubt religious truth
theism
the belief that God is a personal, loving diety who responds to prayer
thanscendent
(God is) beyond our world and existed before creation- (God) exists outside of the material world
myth
the sacred stories that religions tell abut their past
profane
the opposite of sacred
rites of passage
rituals that accompany such events as birth, puberty, marriage, and death
ritual
actions that reenact the sacred stories of relgion
clergy
leaders of a religion
divination
Shaman frequently practice this ritual to predict the future through the help of a medium
laity
ordinary people who practice a religion
magic
Shaman frequently use magic to manipulate spirits- this may involve the use of ritual objects- sometimes they use magical sounds that imitate or mimic what they want- example: thunder and rain
medium
Shaman frequently practice divinasion by becoming a medium. the spirits enter the body of the shaman and the powers that the spirit pass to the shaman are then used to predict the future. They also believe that they have the ability t contract the dead in order to learn the future
ordination
a formal ceremony to mark the end of this period of instruction (ordination)
priest
a professional religious leader who performs religious rituals (sometimes called minister or pastor)
prophet
a messenger of deity
psychic
a person who possesses the ability to predict the future or contact the dead
shaman
similiar to a priest-intermediates between the community and the sacred and are common in primal religions
moral codes
rules that govern behavior to help people distinguish between right and wrong behavior
morals
principles about what is right and what is wrong
morality
refers to a set of codes or laws that are intended to guide behavior in sccordance with the sacred
secular
people who do not stress religious beliefs and practices
tradition
the sacred stories, beliefs, and practices of thier/a religion. morality in religion is based on tradition
apocalyptic
western religions are apocalyptic because they share a belief in the end of time and the days of judgement
cyclical time
belief that time is repetative with no begining or end
Day of Judgement
belief by western religions that this is the end of time- the judgement of God
eschatology
beliefs about the end of time
indigenous
Originating and living or occurring naturally in an area or environment
linear time
belief by western religions that time has a begining and an end
miracles
western religions believe that god controls time and because He is not subject to time He can intervene in history and perfom miracles
primal religion
the beliefs and practices if the indigenous peoples around the world
reincarnation
the belief of eastern religions that after we die our souls move into new bodies and this cycle constantly repeats itself
western religions
Judaism, christianlity, and Islam
Eastern religions
(India) Hinduism and Buddhism
(China) Confucianism and Taoism
ancestor veneration
thw worship of deceased family members
animism
the belief that nature is alive with spirits
animistic theory
developed by British anthropologist Edward Burnett- he believed that religion developed from animisn
magic theory
James Frazer adopted the basic framework of Tylors model- he believed that religion began with magic
materialistic theory
that religion can be created, or used to manipulate people- materialistic view possessions and comfort as more important that religion
nature worship theory
Max Muller believed that ancient people personfied nature and created myths to describe dieties of nature
original monotheism
developed by Wilhelm Schmidt he thoughtthat the primal originally worshipped a single High God and monotheism therefore was the original religion
psychological theory
Developed by Feuerbach believed that the supernatural world does not exist- and that the dieties were simply projections or peoples fears and desires- that actually all religious statements about God are actually statements about humans
sociological theory
believe that societies were more important in creating religions that any founder of a religion- thought that religion was originally a celebration of the tribe by the tribe created to bring people together