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62 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
agnosticism
lack of knowledge as to god's existence.
-cant decide
- not enough evicende, not sure
-wants proof , not arguements
anthropomorphism
god is able to take on human characteristics
atheism
denial of the existance of god; attributive non-existance
belief
strongly held convition based upon rational process or personal experience
cult
separatistic religious group utilizing psychological manipulation to maintain adherence
deism
belief that god exists but has no intimate relationship with mankind; transcendent deity
dualism
belief that god exists but has no intimate relationship with mankind; transcedence deity
ex nihilo
(creation) out of 'nothing'
hedonism
the aim of life should be the pursuit of pleasure
henotheism
belief in many gods but restricted allegiance to one
metaphysics
a general reference to the spiritual realm; study of ultimate reality
monism
the metaphysical belief that reality is viewed as a whole
monotheism
belief in one god common to judaism, christianity or islam
mysticism
belief that ultimate truth cannot be attained through ordinary experience or intellectual persuit by by non-rational intuition
opinion
statement based upon personally developed viewpoint
panentheism
all is in god
pantheism
all is god (a form of monism)
polytheism
belief in many gods (hinduism, egyptian, greco-roman religion)
proselytism
attempt to convert an individual from one faith to another
sect
breakaway body from mainstream religious group
secularism
belief system supporting western philosophy and scientific methodology (may result in atheism)
skepticism
doubt concerning a particular religious concept or dogma
soul
the immaterial or spiritual part of the person, which survives bodily change
superstition
a belief, conception, act or practice resulting from ignorance or fear of the unknown
syncretism
attempt to combine differing religious traditions (Baha'i)
truth
that which corresponds to reality; the way things actually are
utopia
an ideal (perfect) society or state of being
Mahatma Gandhi
innovator of satyagrapha techniques of nonviolent resistance
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
leader of the Students' International Meditation Society
Ramarkrishna Paramahansa
incorporated (and marked) western religious concepts
Sri Aurobino
Hindu historian and philosopher
Vedas
hindu religious wisdom literature produced by Aryan (persian) priests, divided into 4 groups
Rigveda
made up of hymns; liturgical book of the hotar priests
Samaveda
collection of ceremonial poems set to music
Yajurveda
instruction manual for special ceremonies
Atharvaveda
hymns and poems for the lower castes
Devas
superhuman gods
Indra
hindu god of war
srauta rites
sacrificial and other duties of divine homage offered to the hindu tri-murti (pooja)
laws of manu
ethical adn moral code dealing with how hindus ought to live
Four stages of Life (hinduism)
1 student life
2 householdeer state
3 forest dweller state
4 sannyasa (renounced order of life)
1st stage of life
student
2nd stage of life
householder stage
3rd state fo life
forest dweller stage
4th stage of life
sannyasa
vedanta
hindu mysitical tradition based on the underlying unity of all reality
adi sankara (Shankara)
vedanta teacher of the 9th century a.d.
sannyasa
doctrine of renounciation
saktism (Shivism)
hindu sect dedicated to the worship of Siva (Shiva) -destroyer god
atman
the part of each living thing which is eternal; the soul
avatar
an incarnation of a god in human or animal form
Brahman
the ultimate reality for a hindu, the eternal 3-in-1 god
caste
a class system which divided hindus into socio-religous divisions
guru
a hindu teacher
karma
fate; the belief that one's present condition was determined by his/her past deeds in former existences; also the law of cause and effect
Krishna
an incarnation of the god Vishnu
maya
non-existence; illusion; only apparent reality
moksha
release from the endless chain of rebirth and absorbtion into Brahman
nirvana
an ultimate state of mind; the loss of individual existance in Brahman
samsara
transmigration or rebirth
sanskrit
the cultural language of the aryan invaders of the vedic period
yoga
various mental and spritiual exercises in an attempt to identify with an object