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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The characteristic sounds of a particular place, both human and non-human.
A group's total involvement with music: ideas, actions, institutions, material objects - everything that has to do with music.
Work Song.
A kind of music whose function ranges from coordinating complex tasks to making boring and repetetive work more interesting. A.K.A. Life into Art.
Metrical Rhythm.
A pattern of regular recurrence in the time-relation between sounds.
The simultaneous occurence of several rhythms with a shifting downbeat.
The simultaneous presence of two different metrical systems.
One obvious melody with a less-important harmony below it.
One melody played in different voices and ways at roughly the same time.
Gregorian Chant. One melody.
Many distince melodies with equal-importance.
Patterns of organization in rhythm, melody, and harmony.
Making false assumptions about others' ways based on our own limited experience.
Ewe (eh-way).
Tribe of southeast Ghana. Musicians are said to be "destined."
Agbekor (ah-gbeh-kaw). ::Clear Life::
Style of music used in preparation for battle in Ghana's Ewe tribe.
What are the chief musical instruments used in Africa?
Rattles (made of a goard surrounded by beads), Bells (single and double for high and low pitches), and different drums.
What is the instrumentation of the Agbekor ensemble?
Double Bell, Gourd Rattle, and four Single-Headed Drums.
Dried gourd about the size of a canteloupe, covered with a net strung with seeds.
Slender drum with a dry pitch and dry timbre which cuts through the mellow, midrange sound of the other drums and articulates offbeats.
In descending order of relative pitch, what are the drums of the African percussion ensemble.
Kaganu, Kidi, Kloboto, and Totodzi.
Drum Language.
Ewe drum phrases, like many instrumental music of African peoples, often have vernacular text, which usually only the drummers know.
What is the advantage of drum language?
It offers secrecy to restricted information and exercises the power of truth, authenticity, seriousness, and healing in speech.
What do the texts of Agbekor songs reflect?
Agbekor songs reflect the subject of war, celebrating the invincibility of Ewe warriors, urging courage and loyalty, or reflecting on death and expressing grief.
What are some structural features of Agbekor songs?
A song leader and a singing group share the text and melody in a call-and-response form.
Why is the tonal system of African music different to that of Western music?
The African tonal system has evolved entirely in response to the voice without being influenced by instruments.
Adzo Songs.
Rhythmically free songs with longer tesxts than slow- and fast-paced performances.
What is the difference in the Agbekor form of music and many other types of African music?
Agbekor is a group effort while other types of African music depend more on the viruosity and knowledge of individuals.
Professional "sound artisans" of the Mande ethnic tradition.
Often princes who perform at weddings, important events, etc.
Music Education in Mali.
Men play instruments (including kora, tamani, balo/balfon) and women sing/dance.
BaAka (Bah-ka).
The Forest People of the BaAka Tribe in the Central African Republic.
Makala (Mah-kah-lah).
The music of the BaAka.
Novice performers of Makala.
Expert performers (dance instructors) of Makala.
Performance or event of Makala.
Maba (mah-bah).
A type of music and dance associated with net hunting of Makala.
Agricultural based tribe of Zimbabwe.
The thumb piano.
Also known as the kalimba (Kenya), likembe (Rhuando), and mbira (Zimbabwe). About 22 keys and bottle caps for a rattling, "broken" sound.
What is thumb piano used for?
Used to contact ancestors, bring rain during drought, stop rain during floods, and block the sun from the crops.
What ceremonies are the thumb piano used for?
Weddings, Independce Day, Death Ceremonies, Chief "inauguration," and the Guva ceremony.
Guva Ceremony.
Shona ceremony to welcome the spirit of a loved one back, a year after their death.