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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Caste System
(South Asia)
a system of social organization based on hereditary status found in India.
Hindustani
(South Asia)
a term referring to the cultural traditions of North India.
Carnatic
(South Asia)
a term referring to the cultural traditions of South India.
Filmi
(South Asia)
popular music taken from films in India.
Qawwali
(South Asia)
sufi Muslim devotional songs.
Mode
(South Asia)
a set of rules or guidelines used to compose or improvise music in a particular tradition.
Raga
(South Asia)
a mode or system of rules and expectations for composition and improvisation in Indian classical music.
Solfege
(South Asia)
mnemonic syllables corresponding to individual pitches in a scale.
Tambura
(South Asia)
a round-bodied lute used to provide the "drone" element in Indian classical music.
Sarod
(South Asia)
a fretless plucked lute from India.
Alap
(South Asia)
opening period of exploration of a raga performance.
Jhala
(South Asia)
refers to a set of drone strings on Indian chordophones. Also, a reference to the climactic end of the alap section of raga performance in India.
Tabla
(South Asia)
a pair of drums found in Hindustani music from India.
Tala
(South Asia)
rythmic framework found in raga performance in India.
Bols
(South Asia)
mnemonic syllables corresponding to drum strokes in Indian drumming traditions.
Gat
(South Asia)
the skeletal melody used for improvisation in a raga performance of classical Indian instrumental music.
Rasa
(South Asia)
a mood or sentiment associated with artistic activity in India.
Guru
(South Asia)
a teacher or spiritual guide, primarily associated with Hindu traditions from India.
Bhajan
(South Asia)
devotional songs from India.
Aradhana
(South Asia)
a South Indian festival.
Vina
(South Asia)
a plucked lute from South India, often associated with the Hindu goddess Sarasvati.
Nagasvaram
(South Asia)
a double-reed aerophone from South India.
Tavil
(South Asia)
a pair of drums from South India, often used to accompany the nagasvaram.
Bauls
(South Asia)
a group of intinerant musicians from India, especially noted for their poetry.
Gopiyantra
(South Asia)
a single-stringed chordophone with a membrane base found in India and often associated with the Bauls.
Ghunur
(South Asia)
a string of bells worn around the ankle, comonly associated with the Bauls of South Asia.
Bollywood
(South Asia)
an informal name for India's film industry, combining "bombay" and "Hollywood."
Maghrib
(Middle East)
literally, "the time or place of the sunset." The Arabic name designating the region from present-day Libya west through Morocco.
Mashriq
(Middle East)
literally, "the time or place of sunrise-the east." The Arabic name designating the region from present-day Libya west through morocco.
Arabic
(Middle East)
a semitic languageoriginating with the Arab ethnic group, also the holy language of Islam, and a musical tradition whose history is intricately linked with the spread of the language.
Ottoman Empire
(Middle East)
a powerful Turkish dynasty that ruled over various parts of West Asia, Eastern Europe, and Northern Africa from the thirteenth through twentieth centuries.
Shiah
(Middle East)
the fundementalistbranch of Islam.
Sunni
(Middle East)
the mainstream branch of Islam.
Sufi
(Middle East)
the mystical branch of Islam.
Adhan
(Middle East)
the Islamic call to prayer
Muhammed
(Middle East)
Muslim prophet and Arab leader who during his lifetime (571-632 AD) spread the religion of Islam and unified a great deal of the Arabian peninsula.
UD (Al'UD)
(Middle East)
a fretless, plucked, pear-shaped lute found in Arabic music traditions as well as the orgin of certain lutes of Africa, Asia, and Europe.
Maqam
(Middle East)
Arabic mode or system of rules and expectations for composition and improvisation.
Santur
(Middle East)
a hammered zither from the Persian classical
tradition.
Dastgah
(Middle East)
Persian mode or system of rules and expectations for composition and improvisation.
Radif
(Middle East)
a collection of gusheh for each dastgah in Persian classical music.
Kanun
(Middle East)
a plucked zither used in Turkish and Arabic music
traditions, prominent in takht ensembles.
Raqs Sharqi
(Middle East)
the Arabic name for what is commonly referred to by outsiders as “belly dance.”
Tarab
(Middle East)
Arabic word for a state of emotional transformation or ecstasy achieved through music.
Dhikr
(Middle East)
a Sufi ritual in which believers chant the name of God with the goal of entering an ecstatic state.
Jalal Al-Din
Muhhammed Rumi
(Middle East)
Sufi saint of Islamic mysticism known for his poems and as the founder of the Mevlevi religious order.
Klezmer
(Middle East)
a European-derived dance music commonly associated with Jewish celebrations, influenced by Jazz and other non-Jewish styles.
Torah
(Middle East)
In Judaism the first five books (Pentateuch) of the Bible or more generally, all scared literature.
Shofar
(Middle East)
A ram’s horn trumpet frequently mentioned in Torah and used in Jewish ritual.