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77 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Peurt A Beul
(North American)
an unaccompanied dance song with nonsense syllables used to substitute for fiddling
Ballad
(North American)
a song that tells a story, usually performed by a solo voice
Appalachia
(North American)
a geographic region marked by the Appalacian Mountains, wich extend throughout the easter U.S.
Psalms
(North American)
a book of the Bible comprised of text praising god used as the source of songs in Calvinist churches
Singing School
(North American)
a tradintion of teaching four-part harmony techniques, found in rural areas throughout the U.S.
Sharpe Notes
(North American)
a music notation system that uses differently shaped "note" heads to indicate a pitch
Blugrass
(North American)
a style of music characterized by viruosic instrumental performance and the so-called "high lonesom" vocal style, in which a harmony pitch is sung above the main melody
Mandolin
(North American)
a high-ranged fretted lute commonly used in bluegrass
Blue Note
(North American)
a pitch not standard to the Euro-American tradition, believed to derive from West African tunning systems.
Hymn
(North American)
a "humanly composed" religious work
Blues
(North American)
a secular folk music tradition orginating within the African American community in the southern U.S.
Conjunto
(North American)
a popular dance music found along the Texas-Mexico Border in North America
Banda Tipica
(North American)
an early type of dance band that plays popular music from the Texas-Mexico borderland region of North America
Creole
(North American)
a term referring to populations of French descent that are found in the southern U.S., primarily Lousiania
Vocables
(North American)
words considered only with regards to sound, not in terms of meaning
Pow Wow
(North American)
a pan-tribal American indian event celebrating Native American identity and culture, generaly also open to non-Native Americans
Palm Wine Guitar
(Africa)
a poular guitar style known for its association with folk musicians who frequently played for drinks usually palm wine
Highlife
(Africa)
a broad label applied to a variety of urban popular music traditions throughout Western Africa, especially in Ghana
Pygmies
(Africa)
a general term describing the many ethnic groups of forest-dwellers in the rain forests of Central Africa
Mbira
(Africa)
a general reference to lamellophones found throughout Africa, in particular those common to the shona and other ethnic groups of Zimbabwe
Bira
(Africa)
a spirit possession ceremony of the shona ethnic group from zimbabwe
Akadinda
(Africa)
a large, heavy log xylophone from Uganda that uses interlocking patterns that can approach 600 beats per minute
Kora
(Africa)
a harp-lute or bridge-harp by a jali during his poetic recitation
Afrikaners
(Africa)
the descendents of Dutch colonialists in South Africa
Shaka
(Africa)
Zulu warrior king of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries who reigned over much of South Africa
Apartheid
(Africa)
a policy of racial segregation and political/economic discrimination against non-European in South America
Mbube
(Africa)
a general of choral performance common among migrant workers of South Africa
Antilles
(Caribbean)
the islands of the Carribbean, excluding the bahamas
Mummer
(Caribbean)
a type of streat theater actor, usually in performances staged during the Christmas season
Animism
(Caribbean)
beliefs systems in which natural phenomena as well as both animate and inaminate objects are considered to possess a spirit
Shango
(Caribbean)
a Yoruba name for the god of thunder and lighting in the West African pantheon. Consequently, also the name for a West African-derived religion found primarily in Trinidad.
Reggae
(Caribbean)
a popular music from Jamiaca characterized by a rythmic emphasis on the off-beat and by politically and socially conscious lyrics.
Haile Selassie
(Caribbean)
an Ethiopian king considered by Rastafarians to be the second coming of Jesus Christ
Dub
(Caribbean)
recorded music that emphasizes the bass and rythm tracks so that a DJ can talk over the music through a microphone
Calypso
(Caribbean)
a popular music from trinidad characterized by inprovised lyrics on topical and broadly humorous subject matter.
Conga
(Caribbean)
a tall, barrel-shaped single-headed drum used often in Latin American music
Carnival
(Caribbean)
a pre-Lent festival celebrated primarily in Europe and the Carribbean. Known as Mardi Bras in the U.S.
Pan
(Caribbean)
a musical instrument from trinidad made from a steel oil drum
Maracas
(Caribbean)
a pair of small Caribbean gourd rattles with interior beads
Santeria
(Caribbean)
an animistic belief system found primarily in Cuba and the U.S.
Clave
(Caribbean)
rythm pattern in salsa music. Also an instrument consisting of two sticks beaten together
Guarracha
(Caribbean)
a Latin American ballroom dance, as well as a song type emphasizing call-and-response vocal organization.
Orus
(Caribbean)
a rhythmic pattern associated with an orisha in the santeria religious tradition
Guiro
(Caribbean)
a scraped gourd idiophone
Merengue
(Caribbean)
a Latin American dance and music form, originally from the Dominican Republic
Palm Wine Guitar
(Africa)
a poular guitar style known for its association with folk musicians who frequently played for drinks usually palm wine
Highlife
(Africa)
a broad label applied to a variety of urban popular music traditions throughout Western Africa, especially in Ghana
Pygmies
(Africa)
a general term describing the many ethnic groups of forest-dwellers in the rain forests of Central Africa
Mbira
(Africa)
a general reference to lamellophones found throughout Africa, in particular those common to the shona and other ethnic groups of Zimbabwe
Bira
(Africa)
a spirit possession ceremony of the shona ethnic group from zimbabwe
Akadinda
(Africa)
a large, heavy log xylophone from Uganda that uses interlocking patterns that can approach 600 beats per minute
Kora
(Africa)
a harp-lute or bridge-harp by a jali during his poetic recitation
Afrikaners
(Africa)
the descendents of Dutch colonialists in South Africa
Shaka
(Africa)
Zulu warrior king of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries who reigned over much of South Africa
Apartheid
(Africa)
a policy of racial segregation and political/economic discrimination against non-European in South America
Mbube
(Africa)
a general of choral performance common among migrant workers of South Africa
Antilles
the islands of the Carribbean, excluding the bahamas
Mummer
a type of streat theater actor, usually in performances staged during the Christmas season
Animism
beliefs systems in which natural phenomena as well as both animate and inaminate objects are considered to possess a spirit
Shango
a Yoruba name for the god of thunder and lighting in the West African pantheon. Consequently, also the name for a West African-derived religion found primarily in Trinidad.
Totem
(C & S America)
a plant, animal, or natural object used as an emblem for a person or group of people
Siku
(C & S America)
panpipes common among indigenous populations from peru and throughout the andes
Bombos
(C & S America)
a large drum usid in sikuri performances from Peru as well as samba music from brazil
Bandoneon(
C & S America)
a type of button-box accordion
Tango
(C & S America)
a dance and associated music orginating in Argentina, but now commonly associated with ballroom dance
Mariachi
(C & S America)
an entertainment music associated with festivals and celebratory events in Mexico
Vihuela
(C & S America)
a small, fretted plucked lute from Mexico, similiar to a guitar but with a convex resonator
Guitarron
(C & S America)
a large fretted plucked lute from Mexico, similiar to a guitar but with a convex resonator
Strophic
(C & S America)
the use of distinct units that have the same number of lines, rhyme scheme, and meter
Samba
(C & S America)
a popular music from Brazil
Agogo
(C & S America)
a double-bell found in Western Africa and used in African-derived musics in the Western hemisphere
Reco-reco
(C & S America)
a notched scraper idiophone found in Latin American music traditions
Capoeira
(C & S America)
a dance that developed from a style of martial arts created by runaway slaves in Brazil
Pandeiros
(C & S America)
a hand-held frame drum with attached cymbals used in capoeira music
Atabaques
(C & S America)
a drum of West African origin use in capoeira music as well as candomble rituals
Berimbau
a musical bow used in capoeira music
Ginga
a back-and-forth motion used as the basis for capoeira dancing