Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/44

Click to flip

44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
final set of demands
ultimatum
absorbing or adoption of another culture
assimilation
ornate style of art and architecture popular in the 1600s and 1700s
baroque
an administrative system, especially in government, that divides work into specific categories carried out by special departments of nonelected officials
bureaucracy
economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit
capitalism
form of socialism advocated by Karl Marx; according to Marx, class struggle was inevitable and would lead to the creation of a classless society in which all wealth and property would be owned by the community as a whole
communism
title of the ruler of the Russian empire
czar
government in which the people hold ruling power
democracy
the scattering of people
diaspora
belief that if one nation fell to communism, neighboring nations would also fall, like a row of falling dominoes
domino theory
a 20th century philosophical movement that denies that the universe has any intrinsic meaning or purpose and requires individuals to take responsibility for their own actions and shape their own destinies
existentialism
system in which powers are divided between a strong central government and local governments
federal system
loosely organized system of government in which local lords governed their own lands buw owed military service and other support to a greater lord
feudalism
policy of openness instituted by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in the 1980s
glastnost
in the middle ages, association of merchants or arstisans who cooperated to protect their economic interests
guild
one of the five pillars of islam, the pilgrimage to mecca that all muslims are expected to make at least once
hajj
domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region
imperialism
economic cycle that involves a rapid rise in prices linked to a sharp increase in the amount of money avialable
inflation
in hindu belief, all the actions that affect a person's fate in the next life
karma
policy allowing business to operate with little or no government interference
laissez faire
policy by which a nation sought to export more than it imported to build its supply of gold and silver
mercantilism
seasonal wind
monsoon
muslim house of worship
mosque
in buddhism, union with the universe and release from the cycle of rebirth
nirvana
government in which ruling power belongs to a few people
oligarchy
member of the landholding upper class in ancient Rome
patrician
member of the lower class in ancient Rome
plebian
city-state in ancient Rome
polis
working class
proletariot
spreading of ideas to promote a certain cause or to damge an opposing cause
propaganda
period of reduced economic activity
recession
in hinduism, belief in the rebirth of the soul in another bodilt form
reincarnation
system of government in which officials are chosen by the people
republic
withdraw
secede
having to do with worldly, rather than religious, matters
secular
in medieval europe, peasant bound to the lord's land
serf
council of workers and soldiers set up by russian revolutionaries in 1917
soviet
right to vote
suffrage
government run by religious leaders
theocracy
in medieval europe, a lord who was granted land in exchange for service and loyalty to a greater lord
vassal
everyday language of ordinary people
vernacular
pyramid-temple dedicated to the chief g-d or g-ddess of an ancient sumerian city-state
ziggurat
policy of giving in to an aggressor's demands in order to keep the peace
appeasement
ideal society
utopia