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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Culture
people's unique way of life
Archaeologist
scientists who learn about early people by excavating and studying the traces of early settlements
Anthropologist
scientists who study culture
Artifact
Remains, such as tools, jewlery, and other human-made objects
Fossil
evidence of early life preserved in rocks
BC
Before Christ
Neolithic
New Stone Age
Paleolithic
Old Stone Age
Pre-History
before written hisotry
Century
100 years
Decade
every 10 years
AD
Anno Domini: After Death (of Christ)
Periods
Seperate Divisions of Time
Milennium
One Thousand Years
BCE
Before Common Era
CE
Common Era
Primary Source
something which comes from the time period the historian is studying that records or describes an event by someone who participated in witnessed the event
Secondary Source
Something which is produced after the time the historian is studying
Opinion
Beliefs which are not definetly proven
Fact
Things certainly known to have occured or can be proven true
Bias
When a source favors one side or gives on particular view of an event
Historiography
the study of hisotorians and the ideas and the methods they use to research and present history
Contempory Source
a source now, ex a teacher
Historical Content
the age or time period in which the historian lives
Frame of reference
personal background, age, education, family, beliefs, etc. of the hisorian
What are the steps a historain takes?
1. Picks a question, hypothesis or problem to research
2. Uses evidence to construct a picture of the past.
3. Organizes and classifies information based on the sources point of view (historical content and frame of reference).
4. Evaulates sources
5. Forms a tentative answer to the orginial question or problem by producing a product. Then can do more research to prove or revise the answers
Language (how to spot bias)
Check the use of certain words
Background (how to spot bias)
Knowledge of the sources: who, when, where, and why was it written?
Reliability
Accuracy of sources, truthfulness; checking for author's purpose, factual errors and exaggerated comments:
1. Who, when and where it was produced?
2. Was the writer an eyewitness?
3. What was the origin of the information?
4. Consistency: Is it similar to other sources? Can it be cross-referenced/corroborated by other sources?
Balance (how to spot bias)
In the selection of the facts. By leaving out or putting in certain facts, or highlighting others, a source can influence the reader in a particular direction
Latitude
Parallels: North and South. The Equator
Longitude
Meridians: East and West THe Prime Meridain
Evolution of the Body

Adventurous Hippos Easily Never Sing
1. Australopithicus Afarensis
2. Homo Habilis
3. Homo Erectus
4. Homo Neanderthalensis
5. Homo Sapien