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37 Cards in this Set

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Epics
long narrative poems celebrating the deeds of legendary or traditional heroes
myths
traditional stories about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world of the customs and beliefs of a society
polis
a Greek city-state
Monarchy
a government in which power is in the hands of a single person
Aristocracy
a government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility
Oligarchy
a government in which power is in the hands of a few people
Socrates
one of the strongest critics of the Sophists
Democracy
a government controlled by its citizens
Euclid
a highly regarded mathematician who opened a school of geometry in Alexandria
Tyrant
in ancient Greece, a powerful individual who gained control of a city-state's government by appealing to the poor for support
Peoloponnesian War
a war lasting from 431 to 404 b.c. in which Athens and its allies were defeated by Sparta and its allies
Alexander the Great
Hpilip's son who proclaimed himeself king and had 13 years of accomplishments
Republic
a form of government in which power is in the hands of representatives and leaders are elected by the people
Consul
in the Roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the government
Senate
in ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up only of aristocrats
Dictator
in ancient Rome, a political leader given absolute power to make laws and command the army for a limited time
Absolute ruler
a ruler who has total power
Apostle
one of the followers of Jesus who preached and spread his teachings
Bishop
a high-ranking Christian official who supervises a number of local churches
Pope
the bishop of Rome, head of the Roman Catholic Church
Inflation
a decline in the value of money, accompanied by a rise in the prices of goods and services
Religious toleration
a recognition of people's right to hold differing religious beliefs
Centralized government
a government in which power is concentrated in a central authority to which local governments subject
Civil service
the administrative departments of a government
Monopoly
a group's exclusive control over the production and distribution of certain goods
Assimilation
the adoption of a conqueror's culture by a conquered people
Inflation
a decline in the value of money, accompanied by a rise in the prices of goods and services
Savanna
a flat, grassy plain
Desertification
a transformation of fertile land into desert
Hannibal
29-year old Carthaginian general who was a brilliant military strategist who wanted to avenge Carthage's earlier defeat
Augustus
originally known as Octavian, also known as the "imperator" or "supreme military commander"
Jesus
born in Bethlehem
Peter
the first apostle who spread teachings of Jesus throughout Palestine and Syria
Paul
had enormous influence on Christinaity's development
Constantine
Roman emperor who fought three rivals for his title
Contantinople
city of Constantine
Liu Bang
village offical who became general after Shi Huangdi died