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20 Cards in this Set

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a simple drawing that looks like the object it represents
1. Pictograph
system of writing in which pictures called hieroglyphs represent objects, concepts, or sounds
2. Hieroglyphics
in ancient Middle East, a system of writing that used wedge shaped marks
3. Cuneiform
writing system in which each symbol represents a single basic sound
4. Alphabet
plant used to make a paper like writing material in ancient Egypt
5. Papyrus
stone monument that includes the same passage carved in hieroglyphics, demotic script, and Greek, and that was used to decipher the meaning of many hieroglyphs
6. Rosetta Stone
a political unit that includes a city and its surrounding lands and villages
7. City-State
a group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
8. Empire
government in which a king or queen exercises central power
9. Monarchy
ruling family
10. Dynasty
title of the rulers of ancient Egypt
11. Pharaoh
government official
12. Civil Servant
in ancient civilizations, a person specially trained to read, write, and keep records
13. Scribe
believing in one god
14. Monotheistic
believing in many gods
15. Polytheistic
in ancient Mesopotamia, a large, stepped platform thought to have been topped by a temple dedicated to a city’s chief god or goddess
16. Ziggurat
leader who interprets God’s will
17. Prophet
region of the Middle East in which civilizations first arose
18. Fertile Crescent
region within the Fertile Crescent that lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
19. Mesopotamia
site of the world’s first civilization, located in the southeastern Mesopotamia
20. Sumer