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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Depression
period of low economic activity
Trade embago
a policy prohibiting trade with a particular country
Regime
the goverment in power
Cottage industry
a method of production at which task are done by individuals in their rural homes
schism
the seperation between the two great branches of chrisitany
aparthed
the system of racial segregation in South africa form the 1950 until 1991
Judaism
monothestic religon developed among the Israelites
Islam
monotheistic religon that emerged in teh Arabian peninsula during the seventh century
humanism
an intellectual movement of the Renaissance based on teh study of the humanities, grammer, retoric, poetry, history
green house effect
global warming caused by the buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
budget defict
the state that exist when a goverment spends more that it collect in revenues
monsoon
a seasonal wind pattern in southern Asio that blows warm, moist air from the south west during the summer, brining heavy rains, and cold, dry air from the north east during the winter
fascism
a political philophosy that glorifies the state aboce the individual by emphaszing the need for a strong central goverment led by a dictatrial ruler
cold war
the period of political tension following WWII and ending communism in the soviet Union at the end of 1981
total war
a war thta involves the complete mobilization of resources and people
entrepeneur
a person interested in finding new business opportunities and new ways to make profit
polis
the early greek city state, consisting of a city or town
imperialism
the extension of a nations power over other lands
Abolitionism
a movement to end slavery
monotheistic
having one god
colody
a settlement of people living in a new territory, linked with the parent country by trade and direct goverment control
nirvana
in Buddhism, ultimate reclity, the end of self and a reunion iwth the Great World Soul
duma
the russian legislative assembly
sanskirt
the first writing system of the Arans, developed around 1000 bc
Fresco
a painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water based paints
Rocaco
an artistic style that replaced baroaue in the 1730
magna carter
the "Great Charter" or rights, which kings John was forced to sign by the English nobles of Rannym code in 1215
mecenary
a solider qho sells his services to the highest bidder
socialism
a system in which society usually in the form of the goverment, own and controls the means of production
confucionism
the system of political and ethical ideas for mulated by the chinease philosopher confucius toward the end of the zhou dynasty
australopitecine
"southern apes" the eariliest humal like crectures that flourshed in eastern and southern Africa three to four million years ago
slik road
a route between the Roman Empire and China so called, so called besauce silk was chinas most valuable product
Great schism
a split in teh Catholic Church that lasted from 1318 to 1418
direct demacroacy
a system of goverment in which the people participate directly in goverment decison making through mass meatings
Pope
the bishop of Rome an head of Roman Catholic Church
Mahayna
a school of Buddhism that developed in northwest Indad
conservation
a political philosphy based on tradition and social stability, favoring obedience to political autohrity and religon
ozone layer
a thin layer of gas in the upper atmosphere that shields fourth from the sun's ultraviolet rays
reiehstang
the german pariliament
helot
in ancient Sparta, captive proples who were fored to work for thier conquers
aristocarcy
an upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed on from one generation to another
realism
mid-ninetenth centyr movement that rejected romanticism and sought to portay lower and middle class life as it acually was