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42 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
cyrus
persias kind 550 BC- military genuis, kind method of governing, honored local customs and religions, kneel at local temples to pray & allowed jews ( who had been driven out of homeland by the babylonians to return to jeresuluem
cambyses
cyrus son--- expanded persian empire by conquering egypt but scorned egyption religion
satrap
govenor who locally ruled
king darius
cambyses succesor -- great warrior, his real genious in administration. seperated people persian empire into 20 provinces- yet allowed people to practice own religion,speak their own language,and follow own laws
royal roads
system of roads allowd darius to quickly communicate w/ distant parts of empire
filial piety
respect for parents and ancestors
bureaucracy
a trained civil service
daoism
the philosophy of laozi-- search for knowlege and understanding of nature
legalism
ruler should provide rich rewards for people who carries out duties well
autocracy
gov that has unlimited power and uses it in an arbitary manner
trojan war
ten year war MYCEANEANS VS TROY
aristocracy
gov ruled by small group of landowning familys
trojan war
ten year war MYCEANEANS VS TROY
oligarchy
gov ruled by a few powerful people
polis
greek city states
trojan war
ten year war MYCEANEANS VS TROY
aristocracy
gov ruled by small group of landowning familys
democracy
rule by people ***ONLY FREE ADULT MALE PROPERY OWNERS, BORN IN ATHENS
oligarchy
gov ruled by a few powerful people
aristocracy
gov ruled by small group of landowning familys
oligarchy
gov ruled by a few powerful people
helots
peasents who were forced to stay on the land they workd ont
phalanx
soilders in side by side - spear in one hand & sheild in the other - became most powerful fighting force in ancient world
polis
greek city states
persian wars
b/w greece and ancient persian empire
direct democracy
form of gov in which citizens rule directly and not through representitives
polis
greek city states
democracy
rule by people ***ONLY FREE ADULT MALE PROPERY OWNERS, BORN IN ATHENS
socrates plato and aristotle were....
GREAT PHILOSOPHERs
helots
peasents who were forced to stay on the land they workd ont
democracy
rule by people ***ONLY FREE ADULT MALE PROPERY OWNERS, BORN IN ATHENS
phalanx
soilders in side by side - spear in one hand & sheild in the other - became most powerful fighting force in ancient world
persian wars
b/w greece and ancient persian empire
helots
peasents who were forced to stay on the land they workd ont
direct democracy
form of gov in which citizens rule directly and not through representitives
phalanx
soilders in side by side - spear in one hand & sheild in the other - became most powerful fighting force in ancient world
socrates plato and aristotle were....
GREAT PHILOSOPHERs
persian wars
b/w greece and ancient persian empire
direct democracy
form of gov in which citizens rule directly and not through representitives
socrates plato and aristotle were....
GREAT PHILOSOPHERs
PELOPONNESIAN WAR - WHO FOUGHT, WHY AND WHO WON?
b/w the 2 citystates ATHENS & SPARTA ---anthens gew in wealth, prestige, and powert and many people began to view it with hostility. they were in ill will/ sparta gained defeat. athens lost its empire.
ALEXANDER THE GREAT
kind of macedonia - - ruled for 13 years