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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
four social studies strands
political
economical
geographical
social
polis
city-state
political system of greece
democracy
democracy
government in which citzens rule themselves
life in sparta
militaristic
no art/literature
much discipline
aristocracy gov.
slaves have no political rights
life in Athens
democratic city state
built around an acropolis
strong emphasis on mind & body
Train to be citizens
women keep house
geography of greece
S.E. region of the European continent
peninsula & many islands
meditteranaen controls climate
mountains
Peloponesian wars- cause and effects
Cause
Dispute between Athens & Corinth starts 27 yrs. of fighting

Effect
Athens lost it's navy, empire, and demorctic gov. for a while
Persian wars-cause and effects
Cause
When greek cities conquered by the persians disputed

Effect
Battle of Marathon
Out numbered Athenians beat the Persians
gov. of Rome
Republic
Republic
citizens elect leaders
Geography of Rome
Italian peninsula into meditteranean
sicily island provides trade
Alps in the N. block cold winds
aqueduct
canal like stone structure used to transfer water
Plebians and their wants
Common people,
12 tablets of law
strict separation between plbians and patricians
prohibits plebians from serving as a consult, entering the Senate, and marrying patricians
listing laws protects citizens from unjust treatment
Pax Romana
200 years of peace in Rome
New Building matrials of the Romans
concrete
political leaders of Greece and Rome
Rome: Caesar-dictator
Greece: kings
Julias Caesar
61 BC
talented govenor
resents SenateSenate fears his popularity
takes control of army
marches/invades rome defeats pompey rules gov.
dictator for life
land to poor, unites people, ends corruption
stabbed to death by senators