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64 Cards in this Set

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The product of__was one of the first industries to be affected by the Industrial Revolution.
A.) Automobiles
B.) Cotton Cloth
C.) Toys
D.) Furniture
B.) COTTON CLOTH
1.
By 1830, 2/3 of the British cotton industrie's workforce was...
A.) rurual farm families who had moved to the city from Canada
B.) immigrants from France and Belgium
C.) women and children
D.) slaves from Africa and South America
C.) CHILDREN AND WOMEN
2.
Princce Klemens von Metternich's clain that he was guided by the principle of legitimacy meant...
A.) territories would only be returned to those who had a legitimate clain to them
B.) lawful monarchs from the royal families that had ruled before Napoleon would be restored to power
C.) he was the lefitimate and lawful heir to the throne of Denmark
D.) the old tensions that had existed prior to Napoleon would resurface
B.)LAWFUL MONARCHS FROM THE ROYAL FAMILIES THAT HAD RULED BEFORE NAPOLEON WOULD BE RESTORED TO POWER
3.
__is the beliefe that people should be as free as possible from goverment restraints
A.) nationalism
B.) monoculturalism
C.) industrial capitalism
D.) liberalism
D.) LIBERALISM
4.
To Darwin,__was central to organic evolution.
A.) natural selection
B.) genetic engineering
C.) natural production
D.) organic selection
A.) NATURAL SELECTION
5.
The British nobelist Charles Dickens became bery successful with his...
A.) romantic novels focusing on the pastoral llife of Britain's farming communities
B.) Gothic novels showing the dangers of man's attempt to dominate nature.
C.) secular novels portraying criminals who were evil
D.) reslistic novels focusing on the lower and middle classes in Britian.
D.)REALISTIC NOVELS FOCUSING ON THE LOVER AND MIDDLE CLASSES IN BRITAIN.
6.
The__was crucial to Britain;s Industrial Revolution.
A.) bicycle
B.) flying shuttle
C.) warer-powered loom
D.) steam engine
D.) STEAM ENGINE
7.
The pitiful conditions created by the Industrial Revolution gave rise to...
A.) the Iron Workers' Revolt of 1886
B.) the organization of charitable groups
C.) socialism, in which society owns and controls the means of production
D.) a cry for rights for animals that worked in coal mines
C.) SOCIALISM, IN WHICH SOCIETY WOENS AND CONTROLS THE MEANS OF PRODUCTION.
8.
Who proposed the germ theory of disease?
A.) Farhid Molotof
B.) Michael Faraday
C.) Louis Pasteur
D.) Charles Darwins
C.) LOUIS PASTEUR
9.
__was a literary and visual arets mobement that rejected romandicism.
A.) Evolutionism
B.) Nationalism
C.) Secularism
D.) Realism
D.) REALISM
10.
In thee Second Industrial Revolution, what led the way to new industrial frontiers?
A.) tectiles, railroads, iron, and coal
B.) a true world economy, internal-combustion engines, and new products
C.) radios, telephones, light bulbs, and telegraphs
D.) steel, chemicals, electricity, and petroleum
D.) STEEL, CHEMICALS, ELECTRICITY, AND PERTOLEUM
11.
According to Albert Einstein;s spectial theory of relativity,
A.) if all material things disappear out of the universe, only other stuff would remain
B.) only space and time exist independently of the human experience
C.) if all material things disapear out of the univers, thime and space would disappear with them.
D.) matter and energy are two sepearte, distinct monads.
C.) IF ALL MATERIAL THINGS DISAPPEAR OUT OF THE UNIVERSE, TIME AND SPACE WOULD DISAPPEAR WITH THEM
13.
According to Karl Marx,the__, or working class,d was oppressed by the middle class.
A.) proletariat
B.) bourgeoisie
C.) socialists
D.) communists
A.) PROLETARIAT
12.
__sent the first radio waves acroos the Atlantic in 1901.
A.) Alexander Graham Bell
B.) Thomas Edison
C.) Guglielmo Marconi
D.) Joseph Swan
C.) GUGLIELMO MARCONI
14.
whose discovery of radium changed the world's view of the atom?
A.) Alberty Einstein
B.) Marie Curie'S
C.) Friedrich von Bernhardi
D.) Houston Stewart Chamberlain
B.) MARIE CURIE
15.
If a colony was run by__, local elites were removed from power and replaced with a new set of officials from the mother country,
A.) divine rule
B.) colonial rule
C.) direct rule
D.) queensbury rule
C.) DIRECT RULE
16.
__set up a nonviolent movement with the aim to force the British to aid the poor and grant independence to India.
A.) rabindranath tagore
B.) the indian national congress
C.) mohandas gandhi
D.) lord thomas macaulay
C.) MOHANDAS GANDHI
17.
As a result of the prosperity that came from increased exports, Latin America
A.) buikt bigger armies, resulting in wars in Latin America.
B.) witnessed a growth in the middle sectores of Latin American society.
C.) became a target of aggressice Japanese treaders, who cheated the young nations in unfair trade contracts.
D.) generally saw no need to industralize as they already had done so.
B.) WITNESSED A GROWTH IN THE MIDDLE SECTORS OF LATION AMERICN SOCIETY
18.
What was the "white man's burden"?
A.) bigger, stronger Europeans could carry more baggage
B.) the belief that Europeans had a moral responsibility to civilze primitive peoples
C.) the crowded urban living conditions created by the Second Industrial Revolution
D.) the popular belief that Europeans were responsible for the mass destruction of many African cultures
B.) THE BELIEF THAT EUROPEANS HAD A MORAL RESPONSIBLITY TO CIVILIZE PRIMITIVE PEOPLE
19.
As a result of the Treaty of Nanjing, Britian was...
A.) forced to stop all trade with China and Japan
B.) paid millions of dillars worth of dollars worth of Chinese silk, tea, and porcelain as war reparations
C.) unable to balance its trade with China
D.) given the island of Hong Kong, among other concessions
D.) GIVEN THE ISLAND OF HONG KONG, AMONG OTHER CONCESSIONS
20.
The solgan of the__was "destroy the foreigner"
A.)Fu Manchu
B.) Revive China Society
C.) Boxers
D.) Kung Fu
C.) Boxers
21.
In an attempt to adjust the trade imbalance with China, Britain began
A.) increasing the price of steel traded to China
B.) decreasing the amount of tea and procelain purchased from China
C.) Shipping opium grown in India directly to China
D.) shopping silk made in India directly to England
C.) SHIPPING OPIUM GROWN IN INDIA DIRETLY TO CHINA
22.
__referred to the practice of Europeans living by their own laws while in Chinese soil.
A.) sphere of influence
B.) diplomatic impurity
C.) home rule
D.) extraterritoriality
D.) EXTRATERRITORIALITY
23.
In 1914,__was considered an act of war.
A.) assassination of a member of royality
B.) ending diplomatic relations
C.) mobilization of a nation's army
D.) breaking a military alliance
C. MOBILIZATION OF A NATION'S ARMY
24.
The Western Fron was characterized by...
A.) the slow but steady advance of the German army
B.) trench warfare that kept both sides in virtually the same positions for four years
C.) decisive victories by the French army, quickly driving back the German forces
D.) innovative strategy and tctics that fully utilized the new technologies available to both armies
B.) TRENCH WARFARE THAT KEPT BOTH SIDES IN VIRTUALLY THE SAME POSITIONS FOR FOUR YEARS
25.
Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire became known as...
A.) the Allied Powers
B.) the League of Nations
C.) the Central Powers
D.) the Eastern Powers
C. THE CENTRAL POWERS
26.
The Red secret police, known as the Cheka, began...
A.) infiltrating the governments of Russia's Enemies as spies.
B.) to plot against Lening almost immediately after he came to power
C.) to restore order to Russia frer years of civil war
D.) a Red Terror campaign to destroy all those who oppised the new regime
D.) A RED TERROR CAMPAIGN TO DESTROY ALL THOSE WHO OPPOSED THE NEW REGIME
27.
The Treaty of Versailles was...
A.) a peace settelment tha consisted of fice separated treaties with the defeated nations.
B.) forced upon Austria, and gave some of its land to the new state of Poland.
C.) the treaty sighned with Germany that many Germans felt wa a harsh peace
D.) a defensice alliance between Great Britain, France, and the United States
C.) THE TREATY SIGNED WITH GERMANY THAT MANY GERMANS FELT WAS A HARSH PEACE
28.
World War 1 was a__, meaning that it involved a complete mobilization of resources and people
A.) modern conflict
B.) trench war
C.) total war
D.) mobile conflict
C.) TOTAL WAR
29.
__,the aggrssive preperation for war, was growing along with nations' armies
A.) conscription
B.) militarism
C.) warmongering
D.) movilization
B.) MILITARISM
30.
The Schlieffen Plan was
A.) Austria-Hungary's attempt to negotiae a peaceful settlement with Serbia.
B.) Germany's proposal for dividing up Serbia between Russia and Austria-Hungary.
C.) the Black Hand's plan to assassinate the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
D.) Germany's plan for a two-front war with Russia and France, which had formed a military alliance.
D.) GERMANY'S PLAN FOR A TWO-FRONT WAR WITH RUSSIA AND FRANCE, WHICH HAD FORMED A MILITARY ALLIANCE.
31.
The German advance toward Paris was halted at:
A.) the Battle of Tannenburg.
B.) the French-Belgian border.
C.) the Battle of Marne.
D.) the German-Belgian border.
c.) THE BATTLE OF MARNE.
32.
What caused the United States to join the Allies in fighting World War 1?
A.) the sinking of the Titanic.
B.) the German embargo on gasoline.
C.) the United State's fear of the Austro-Hungarian powers.
D.) the Germans' use of unrestricted submarine warfare.
D.) THE GERMANS' USE OF UNRESTRICTED SUBMARINE WARFARE.
33.
Under the leadership of ___, the Bolsheviks became a party dedicated to violent revolution.
A.) Alexander Kerensky
B.) Grigori Rasputin
C.) V.I. Lenin
D.) Alexandra Romanov
C.) V.I. LENIN
34.
In an attempt to end Russia's involvement in the war, Lenin:
A.) seized the Winter Palace and overthrew the Russian government.
B.) signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany, which gave up much Russian territory.
C.) united the soviets under the Bolshevik party.
D.) called a general strike that shut down all factories in Petrograd on March 10.
A.) SEIZED THE WINTER PALACE AND OVERTHREW THE RUSSIAN GOVERMENT.
35.
____ became the spokesperson for a new world order based on democracy and international cooperation.
A.) Woodrow Wilson
B.) Rosa Luxemburg
C.) Karl Liebknecht
D.) Georges Clemenceau
B.) ROSA LUXEMBURG
36.
After the war, Britain ruled Iraq and Palestine as:
A.) colonies, which they received as part of Germany's war reparations.
B.) mandates on behalf of the League of Nations, but did not own the territory.
C.) indirect rulers, which allowed the two nations some semblance of autonomy.
D.) direct rulers, leading to much animosity that still exits today.
B.) MANDATES ON BEHALF OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS, BUT DID NOT OWN THE TERRITORY.
37.
A ___ state is a government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens.
A.) socialist
B.) European
C.) Communist
D.) totalitarian
D.) TOTALITARIAN
38.
The purpose of Stalin's Five Year Plans was to:
A.) transform the USSR from an agricultural into an industrial economy.
B.) strenthen the Red Army so that it could take back lost territories.
C.) reduce the massive poverty and improve the standard of living.
D.) drastically boost food production to end the widespread famines.
A.) TRANSFORM THE USSR FROM AN AGRICULTURAL INTO AN INDUSTRIAL ECONOMY.
39.
What was the Krisallnacht?
A.) It was a German concentration camp at which thousands of Jews were executed.
B.) It was a set of racial laws that excluded Jews from German citizenship.
C.) It was a destructive Nazi rampage against the Jews.
D.) It was Hitler's idea of Expressionism that eventually led to war.
C.) IT WAS A DESTRUCTIVE NAZI RAMPAGE AGAINST THE JEWS.
40.
Surrealist ___ painted everday objects but separated them from their normal contexts.
A.) Hannah Hoch
B.) Hermann Hesse
C.) James Joyce
D.) Salvador Dali
D.) SALVADOR DALI
41.
To deal with runaway German inflation, an international commission created the Dawes Plan, which:
A.) cancelled Britain's reparation debt, angering the Axis Powers.
B.) reduced Germany's reparations debt.
C.) reduced the interest rates paid by Germany on its foreign loans.
D.) increased the price paid by foreign markets for German products.
B.) REDUCED GERMANY'S REPARATIONS DEBT.
42.
An ___ is a period of low economic activity and rising unemployment.
A.) economic cycle
B.) expressionist cycle
C.) economic depression
D.) inflationary period
C.) ECONOMIC DEPRESSION
43.
Facism glorifies the state above the individual by emphasizing the need for:
A.) a strong central government led by a dictatorial ruler.
B.) a communal system of play in which the state owns the means of production.
C.) special taxes to help pay for public works programs.
D.) volunteers to help build bridges, roads, and public buildings.
A.) A STRONG CENTRAL GOVERNMENT LED BY A DICTATORIAL RULER.
44.
Who led the Spanish military in a revolt against the democratic goverment?
A.) Richard Blaine
B.) Francisco Franco
C.) Benito Mussolini
D.) Leon Trotsky
B.) FRANCISCO FRANCO
45.
The Schlieffen Plan was:
A.) Austria-Hungary's attempt to negotiate a peceful settlement with Serbia.
B.) Germany's proposal for dividing up Serbia betwen Russi and Austria-Hungary.
C.) the Black Hand's plan to assassinate the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
D.) Germany's plan for a two-front war with Russia and France, which had formed a military alliance.
D.) GERMANY'S PLAN FOR A TWO-FRONT WAR WITH RUSSIA AND FRANCE, WHICH HAD FORMED A MILITARY ALLIANCE.
31.
The German advance twoard Paris was halted at:
A.) the Battle of Tannenburg.
B.) the French-Belgian border.
C.) the Battle of Marne.
D.) the German-Belgian border.
C.) THE BATTLE OF MARNE.
32.
What caused the United States to join the Allies in fighting World War 1?
A.) the sinking of the Titanic
B.) the German embargo on gasoline
C.) the United State's fear of the Austro-Hungarian powers.
D.) the German's use of unrestricted submarine warfare.
D.) THE GERMANS' USE OF UNRESTRICTED SUBMARINE WARFARE.
33.
Under the leadership of ___, the Bolsheviks became a party dedicated to violent revolution.
A.) Alexander Kerensky
B.) Grigori Resputin
C.) V.I. Lenin
D.) Alexandra Romanov
C.) V.I. LENIN
34.
In an attempt to end Russia's involvement in the war, Lenin:
A.) seized the Winter Palace and overhtrew the Russian goverment.
B.) signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany, which gave up much Russian territory.
C.) united the soviets under the Bolshevik party.
D.) called a general strike that shut down all factories in Petrograd on March 10.
A.) SEIZED THE WINTER PALACE AND OVERTHREW THE RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT.
35.
___ became the spokesperon for a new world order based on democracy and internation cooperation.
A.) Woodrow Wilson
B.) Rosa Luxemburg
C.) Karl Liebknecht
D.) Georges Clemenceau
B.) ROSA LUXEMBURG
36.
After the war, Britain ruled Iraq and Palestine as:
A.) colonies, which the received as part of Germany's war reparations.
B.) mandates on behalf of the League of Nations, but did not own the territory.
C.) indirect rulers, which allowed the two nations some semblance of autonomy.
D.) direct rulers, leading to much animosity that still exists today.
B.) MANDATES ON BEHALF OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS, BUT DID NOT OWN THE TERRITORY.
37.
A ___ state is a government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens.
A.) socialist
B.) European
C.) Communist
D.) totalitarian
D.) TOTALITARIAN
38.
The purpose of Stalin's Five Year Plans was to:
A.) transform the USSR from an agricultural into an industrial economy.
B.) strengthen the Red Army so that it could take back lost territories.
C.) reduce the masive poverty and improve the standard of living.
D.) drastically boost food production to end the widespread famines.
A.)TRANSFORM THE USSR FROM AN AGRICULTURAL INTO AN INDUSTRIAL ECONOMY.
39.
What was the Kristallnacht?
A.) It was a German concentration camp at which thousands of Jews were executed.
B.) It was a set of racial laws that excluded Jews from German citizenship.
C.) It was a destructive Nazi rampage against the Jews.
D.) It was Hitler's idea of Expressionism that eventually led to war.
C.) IT WAS A DESTRUCTIVE NAZI RAMPAGE AGAINST THE JEWS.
40.
Surrealist ___ painted everday objects but separated them from their normal contexts.
A.) Hannah Hoch
B.) Hermann Hesse
C.) James Joyce
D.) Salvador Dali
D.) SALVADOR DALI
41.
To deal with runaway German inflation, an inernational commission created the Dawes Plan, which:
A.) cancelled Britain's reparation debt, angering the Axis Powers.
B.) reduced Germany's reparations debt.
C.) reduced the interest rates paid by Germany on its foreign loans.
D.) increased the price paid by foreign markets for German products.
B.) REDUCED GERMANY'S REPARATIONS DEBT.
42.
An ___ is a period of low economic activity and rising unemployment.
A.) economic cycle
B.) expressionist cycle
C.) economic depression
D.) inflationry period
C.) ECONOMIC DEPRESSION
43.
Facism glorifies the state above the individual by emphasizing the need for:
A.) a strong central goverment led by a dictorial ruler.
B.) a communal system of play in which the state owns the means of production.
C.) special taxes to help pay for public works programs.
D.) volunteers to help build bridges, roads, and public buildings.
A.) A STRONG CENTRAL GOVERMENT LED BY A DICTORIAL RULER.
44.
Who led the Spanish military in a revolt against the democratic government?
A.) Richard Blaine
B.) Francisco Franco
C.) Benito Mussolini
D.) Leon Trotsky
B.) FRANCISCO FRANCO
45.
A factor in leading many Germans to accept Hitler and the Nazis was:
A.) Hitler's abolition of Reichstag.
B.) the regime's temporary suspension of all crime for four years.
C.) the Catholic Church's support of the new regime.
D.) the belief that Hitler had ended Germany's economic depression.
D.) THE BELIEF THAT HITLER HAD ENDED GERMANY'S ECONOMIC DEPRESSION.
46.
What were the 'Nuremberg laws"?
A.) They excluded Jews from German citizenshiop and forbade marriages between Jews and Germans.
B.) They banned books, magazines, and newspapers not strictly approved by the Nazi government.
C.) They outlawed all religion in Germany, making Hitler's regime a completely secular state.
D.) They imposed high fines for citizens having loud, boisterous parties in their homes.
A.) THEY EXCLUDED JEWS FROM GERMAN CITIZENSHIP AND FORBADE MARRIAGES BETWEEN JEWS AND GERMANS.
47.
In November 1917, the ___ stated Britain's intention to make a Palestine the national home of the Jews.
A.) Balfour Declaration
B.) Lawrence Doctrine
C.) Churchill Report
D.) McPherson Papers
A.) BALFOUR DECLARATION
48.
In the autumn of 1931, Manchuria was invaded by:
A.) a group of Communist agens that was trained by the Comintern in Moscow.
B.) the Japanese army, acting on the orders of the newly formed Imperial Rule Assistance Association.
C.) an extremist group of middle-level Japanese army officers acting without government.
D.) the Russian army.
.
53.