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82 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
government where the power of the crown is unchecked.
absolute monarchy
another name for the age of monarchs.
age of absolutism
strongest nation in Europe during the 1500s and early 1600s.
was both the holly roman emperor and the king of Spain
Charles V
dynasty of Charles V and Phillip II
when Charles V divided his empire his son Philip II became_______
King of Spain
strongest monarch during Spanish supremacy
Phillip II
Phillip II and other monarchs believed they where kings by _____
Divine right
the idea that royal power is granted by god.
Divine right of Kings
he used wealth (gold & silver) from colonies to build the largest and strongest army in Europe.
Phillip II
Phillip II saw Spain as the defender of the _______
Catholic faith
He involved Spain in wars against the enemies of catholicism (Protestants, Muslims, etc.)
Phillip II
Phillip II attempted to force all non-catholics to
convert or leave Spain
was used as a reign of terror to extract all non-catholic elements from Spain
Spanish inquisition
this source of wealth enabled Spain to become the strongest nation in Europe
American colonies
Phillip II sent to invade England
Spanish armada
it's defeat in 1588 was the beginning of Spain's decline as the leading European power
Spanish armada
in the late 1500s, France was torn b religious conflict between ___________
Catholics & Huguenots
French protestant calvinists
First bourbon King
Henry of Navarre/Henry IV
established the edict of Nantes
Henry IV
gave French protestants religious freedom in 1598
edict of Nantes
real ruler during the reign of Louis XIII
Cardinal Richelieu
involved catholic France in the 30 years war on the side of the protestants
Cardinal Richelieu
was triggered by a rebellion of bohemian protestants
Thirty years war
started over religion ended over balance of power
Thirty years war
Ended the Thirty years war
Peace of Westphalia
made France the strongest country in Europe
Peace of Westphalia
Louis XIV Minister of France
a tax on imports
Protective tariff
sun king ruled France from 1643 to 1715
Louis XIV
he weakened the power of the nobles by inviting them to live in luxury in his palace
Louis XIV
strongest French monarch
Louis XIV
in 1685 Louis XIV revoked the _______
edict of nantes
strongest nation in Europe during the 1600s
small nations band together to keep a strong nation from dominating
balance of power
war fought to keep Louis XIV's grandson off the throne of Spain
treaty of utrecht
succeeded James I as the king of england
Charles I
his reign ended in England's civil war
Charles I
it was fought over who should rule England: monarch or parliament
English civil war
those who supported Charles I in the English civil war
those who supported parliament in the English civil war
Roundheads were mainly_____. (religion)
led parliament's army to victory in the English civil war
Oliver Cromwell
the English parliament tried and executed ___________
Charles I
The house of commons abolished monarch and declared England a republic called the
common wealth
Cromwell drove out parliament and set up a __________
military dictatorship
name of Cromwell's military dictatorship
Cromwell's dictatorship enforced a __________
puritan moral code
Cromwell did not tolerate open worship for ___
Richard Cromwell succeeded his father as lord protector of England,but when England tired of strict puritan ways he was deposed by a ______
military coup
he was invited by parliament to come back from exile and become king
Charles II
The return of Charles II as king of England
Restoration Date
A.D. 1660
the restoration gave England a _____
Constitutional monarchy
catholic brother and successor to Charles II
James II
English feared that James II would make catholicism the _________
State Religion
Name for the bloodless deposing of James II
Glorious Revolution
William & marry were given joint rule of England after the glorious revolution but they first had accept the _______
English bill of rights
The English bill of rights made sure that the English parliament had more power than the ruler and established _______
Limited moarchy
Date of the glorious revolution
was selected by leading German princes but in reality did not have much power
Holy roman empire
Allowed maria Theresa to inherit the throne of Austria
Pragmatic sanction
Maria Theresa' dynasty
Dynasty that ruled Prussia during the age of Monarchs
Centralized Prussian Government. Made Prussian army the most officiant fighting force in Europe
Fredrick William I
Most powerful ruler in Prussian history
Fredrick II (the great)
He rejected the pragmatic Sanction and started the war of Austrian succession
Fredrick II (the great)
Maria Theresa keeps the throne of Austria, Austria loses Silesia
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
Starts as a struggle between Austria & Prussia becomes a struggle between England & France
Seven years war
Name of the seven years war in America
French and Indian war
In 1650 Russia was an isolated and
backward country
Tittle of the Russian ruler
Czar who worked to modernize/Westernize Russia
Peter the great
Peter the great was an ___
Absolute monarch
Peter fought the Swedes and the Turks to gain a ________
warm water port
Peter the great built the new capital of Russia _____
St. Petersburg
She fallowed the lead of peter the great in embracing Western ideas and expanding Russia's borders
Cathrine the Great
Intellectual movement of the 17th & 18th centuries
The Enlightenment celebrated the powers of
Enlightenment thinkers promoted religious
Enlightenment thinkers sought to construct government free of _____