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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
government where power of the crown is unchecked
Absolute monarchy
another name foe the Age of Monarchs
Age of Absolutism
strongest nation in Europe during the 1500s and early 1600s
Spain
was both the Holy Roman Emperor and the king of Spain
Charles V
dynasty of Charles V and Philip II
Hapsburg
When Charles V divided his empire his son Philip II became_________.
king of Spain
strongest monarch during Spanish supremacy
Philip II
Philip II and other absolute monarchs believed they were kings by _________.
divine right
the idea that royal power is granted by God
divine right of kings
he used wealth (gold and silver) from colonies to build the largest and strongest army in Europe
Philip II
Philip II saw Spain as the defender of the _________.
Catholic church
he involved Spain in wars against the enemies of Catholicism
Philip II
Philip II attempted to force all non-Catholics to ____________.
convert or leave Spain
was used as a reign of terror to extract all non-Catholic elements from Spain
Spanish inqusistion
the source of wealth enabled Spain to become the strongest nation in Europe
American Colonies
Philip II sent it to invade England
Spanish Armada
it's defeat in 1588 was the beginning of Spain's decline as the leading European power
Spanish Armada
in the late 1500s, France was torn by religious conflict between __________.
Catholics and Hugenots
French Protestant Calvinists
Hugenots
First Bourbon king
Henry of Navarre/Henry IV
Established the Edict Nantes
Henry IV
Gave French Protestants religious freedom in 1598
Edict of Nantes
real ruler during the reign of Louis XIII
Cardinal Richelieu
involved Catholic France in the 30 years war on the side of the protestants
Cardinal Richelieu
was triggered by a rebellion of Bohemian protestants
30 years war
Started over religion ended up over the balance of power
30 years war
ended the 30 years war
peace of Westphalia
made France the strongest country in Europe
peace of Westphalia
Louis XIV minister of Finance
colbert
a tax on imports
protective tariff
sun king ruled France from 1643 to 1715
Louis XIV
he weakened the power of the nobles by inviting them to live in luxury in his palace
Louis XIV
strongest French monarch
Louis XIV
in 1685 Louis XIV revoked the ______________.
edict of Nantes
strongest nation in Europe during the 1600s
France
small nations band together to keep a strong nation from dominating
balance of power
war fought to keep Lois XIV's grandson off the throne of Spain
war of Spanish succession
ended the war of Spanish successsion
treaty of Utrecht
broke French treasury and military power
war of Spanish succession
prevented the alliance of France and Spain
treaty of Utrecht
His policies brought France near financial ruin and created class conflict
Louis XIV
Philip II English rival
Elizabeth I
RULED ENGLAND FROM 1558 TO 1603
ELIZABETH I
ENGLISH CAPTAIN THAT CAPTURED SPANISH TREASURE SHIPS AND DEFEATED THE SPANISH ARMADA
SEA DOGS
FIRST STUART MONARCH BELIEVED IN THE DIVINE RIGHT OF KINGS
JAMES I
THOSE WHO BELIEVED IN THE DIVINE RIGHT OF KINGS BELIEVED MONARCHS WERE ONLY ANSWERABLE TO _______________.
GOD
SUCCEEDED JAMES I AS KING OF ENGLAND
CHARLES I
HIS REIN ENDED IN ENGLAND'S CIVIL WAR
CHARLES I
IT WAS FOUGHT OVER WHO SHOULD RULE ENGLAND: MONARCH OR PARLIAMENT
ENGLISH CIVIL WAR
THOSE WHO SUPPORTED CHARLES I IN THE ENGLISH CIVIL WAR
CAVALLERS
THOSE WHO SUPPORTED PARLIAMENT IN THE ENGLISH CIVIL WAR
ROUNDHEADS
ROUNDHEADS WERE MAINLY ________. (RELIGION)
PURITANS
LED PARLIAMENTS ARMY TO VICTORY IN THE ENGLISH CIVIL WAR
OLIVER CROMWELL
THE ENGLISH PARLIAMENT TRIED AND EXECUTED ____________.
CHARLES I
THE HOUSE OF COMMONS ABOLISHED MONARCHY AND DECLARED ENGLAND A REPUBLIC CALLED THE ___________.
COMMONWEALTH
CROMWELL DROVE OUT PARLIAMENT AND SET UP A ______________.
MILITARY DICTATORSHIP
NAME FOR CROMWELLS MILITARY DICTATORSHIP
PROTECTORATE
CROMWELLS DICTATORSHIP ENFORCED A ________________.
PURITAN MORAL CODE
CROMWELL DID NOT TOLERATE OPEN WORSHIP FOR _______________.
CATHOLICS
RICHARD CROMWELL SUCCEEDED HIS FATHER AS LORD PROTECTOR OF ENGLAND,BUT WHEN ENGLAND TIRED OF STRICT PURITAN WAYS HE WAS DEPOSED BY A ________________.
MILITARY COUP
HE WAS INVITED BY PARLIAMENT TO COME BACK FROM EXILE AND BECOME KING
CHARLES II
THE RETURN OF CHARLES II AS KING OF ENGLAND
RESTORATION
RESTORATION DATE
AD 1660
THE RESTORATION GAVE ENGLAND A ________________.
CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY
CATHOLIC BROTHER AND SUCCESSOR TO CHARLES II
JAMES II
ENGLISH FEARED THAT JAMES II WOULD MAKE CATHOLICISM THE _____________.
STATE RELIGION