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175 Cards in this Set

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Government where the power of the crown is unchecked.
Absolute Monarchy
Another name for the age of Monarchs
Age of Absolutism
Strongest nation in Europe during the 1500s
Spain
Was both the Holy Roman Emperor and king of Spain
Charles V
Dynasty of Charles V and Philip II
Hapsburg
When Charles V divided his empire his son Philip II became
King of Spain
Strongest monarch during Spanish
Philip II
Philip and other absolute monarchs believed they were kings by
Divine right
The idea that royal power is granted by God
Divine right of Kings
He used wealth from colonies to build the largest and strongest army in Europe
Philip II
Philip II saw Spain as the defender of
Catholic faith
He involved spain in wars against the enemies of Catholicism
Philip II
Philip II attempted to force all non- Catholic
convert or leave Spain
Was used as a reign of terror to extract all non-elements from Spain
Spanish Inquisition
This source of wealth enabled Spain to become the strongest the strongest nation in Europe
American Colonies
Philip II sent it to invade England
Spanish Armada
Its defeat in 1588 was the beginning of Spain's decline as the leading European Power
Spanish armada
Sun king ruled france from 1643 to 1715
Louis XIV
He weakened the power of the nobles by inviting them to live in luxury in his place.
Louis XiV
Strongest French Monarch
Lous XIV
In 1685 Louis XIV revoked the
Edict of Nantes
Strongest man in Europe during the 1600s
France
Small nations band together to keep a strong nation from dominating
Balance of Power
War fought to keep Louis XiV grandson off the throne of Spain
War of Spanish succession
Was triggered by a rebellion of Bohemian protestants.
Thirty years war
Started over religion ended up over the balance or power.
Thirty years war
Stared over religion ended up over the balance of power
Thirty years war
Louis XIV minister of finance
Colbert
A tax of imports
Protective tariff
Sun King ruled France from 1643-1715
Louis XIV
Strongest French Monarch
Louis XIV
IN 1685 Louis xiv revoked the
Edict of nantes
Strongest nation in Europe during the 1600s
France
Small nations band together to keep a strong nation from dominating
Balance of Power
War fought to keep Louis xiv grandson off the throne of spain
War of spanish succession
Ended the war of Spanish succession
Treaty of Utrecht
Broke French treasury and military
War of Spanish succession
ended the war of spanish succession
treaty of utrecht
broke french treasury and military power
treaty of utrecht
prevented the alliance of france and spain
treaty of utrecht
his polocies brought france near financia ruin and created class conflict
louis xiv
philip II english rival
elizabeth I
ruled england from 1558-1603
elizabeth I
english captains that captured spanish treasure ships and defeated the spanish armada
sea dogs
first stuart monarch believed in the divine right of kings
james I
those who believed in the divine right of kings believed monarchs were only answerable to
God
succeeded james I as king of england
charles I
his reign ended in englands civil war
charles I
it was fought over who should rule england: monarch or parliament
english civil war
those who supported charles I in the english civil war
cavaliers
those who supported parliament
roundheads
roundheads were mainly
puritans
led parliaments army to victory in the english civil war
oliver cromwell
the english parliament tried and executed
charles
the house of commons abolished monarchy and declared england a republic called the
commonwealth
cromwell drove out parliament to and set up a
military dictatorship
name for the cromwell;s military dictatorship
protectorate
cromwells dictatorship enforced a
puritan moral code
cromwells dictatorship enforced a
puritan moral code
cromwell did not tolerate open worship for
catholics
cromwell succeeded his father as lord protector of england tired of strict puritan ways he was deposed by a
military coup
he was invited by a parliament to come back
charles II
the return of charles II as king of england
restoration
resoration date
ad 1660
the restoration gave england a
constitutional monarchy
catholic brother and successor to charles
james II
english feared that james would make catholicism the
state religion
name for the bloodless deposing ofjames II
glorious revolution
will and mary were given joint rule of england after the gr but they first had to accept the
english bill of rights
the english bill of rights made sure parliament had more power than the ruler and established...
limited monarchy
date of the fr
1688
was selected by the leading german princes but in reality did not have much power
holy roman emperor
allowed maria theresa to inherit the throne of austria
pragmatic sanction
maria thersas
hapsburg
dynasty that ruled prussia during the age of monarchs
hohenzollern
centralized prussian government
frederick william I
most powerful ruler in prussian history
frederick II
he rejected the progmatic sanction and started the war of austrian succession
frederick II
maria theresa keeps the throne of austria
treaty of aix la chapelle
starts as a strugggle between austria and prussia becomes a strugggle between england and france
seven years war
name of the seven years war in america
french and indian war
in 1650 russia was an isolated and
backward county
title of the russian ruler
czar
czar who worked to modernize/ westernize russia
peter the great was an
pter the great was an
absolute monarch
peter fought the swedes and the turks to gain a
warm water prot
pter the great built the new catital city of russia
st petersburg
she followed the lead of peter the great in embracing western ideas and expanding russias borders
catherine the great
intellectual movement of the 17 and 18 centuries
enlightenment
the enlightenment celebrated the powers of
reason
enlightenment thinkers promoted religious
toleration
enlightenment thinkers sough to construct government
fjalfj
enlightenment thinkers sought to constucty
scientific thry
devoloped helio
copernicus
developed a telescope and supported the helio
galileo
probably more responsible for the development of sceintific method then any other individual
galileo galilei
galileo was forced to recant by the
catholic church
demonstrated that planets move in ellipses
kepler
changed the view of the universe
isaac newtpm
newton develieped the theory
gravity
newton discovered that the universe is governed by natural laws
faf
newtons discoveries led ppl to view the universe as
mechanical
he developed calculus
isaac newton
hobbes locke and rousseau were all considered
social contract theorists
thomas hobbes believed governments were created to protect ppl from their own selfishness he believed they
never had the right to revolt
frp, pf gov advocated by hobbes
absolute monarch
he belived ppl had natural rights to life liberty and property
john locke
john locke believed the foundation of gov was a
social contract
john locke said that if ppls natural rights were not proteceted then they had the
right to revolt
john locke wrote in the defense of
glorious revolution
french thinkers of the enlightenment
philosophes
philosophe who campaigned against intolerance
voltaire
he combined enlightenment thinking into an encyclopdia
diderot
banned diderots encylopedia
catholic church
diderot was ... for his writings in the encyclopedi
improsoned
advocated free market economy in the wealth of nations
adam smith
name for complete free market economy
laissez faire
believed in exec judicial and lgislative branches
montesquieu
criticized the enlightenments excessive emphasis on reason
rousseau
meetings for the discussion of ideas
salons
believed u should set adide traditional beliefs and rely on obserbation and experiment
francis bacon
believed u should doubt everything that cant be proven
descartes
the only thing descartes found that he could not doubt was his
own existence
i think therefore i am
descartes
doubt and quistion all ideas
skepticism
denial of the possiblitty of knowledge
skepticism
total skeptic
david hume
denied that there was any logical basis for knowing that one thing caused another
david hume
he believed taht reason could not be used to explain questions of metaphysics
david hume
tries to answer ultimate and universal quuestions
mataphysics
kant believed that things that cannot be perceived in ... cannot be known
experience
john locke believed the mind to be a
tablula rasa
religion based on reason and natural law
deism
that god started the universe like a perfect clock and then left it alone
deism
some ppl reacted to the enlightenment and did not believe that ... reason alone
deism
some ppl reacted to the enlightenment
aslfj
reson could not alone be
proven
this card is way to long so i cant type it out
burgaflickal
monarchs who used their own power to bring about positive political and social changes
enlightened despots
when britain tried to tighten its control over the coloneis after the french and indian war the colinies
reacted
because american colonists believed they were being taxed without their reason
they declared their independence
created a government with montesquiues separation of powers
us constitution
gov power divided to parts
federalsism
al;fjsaldfj
lafjlsdfj
king of france at the beginning of at the beginning of of french revolution
louis xvi
first estate
catholic clergy
second
nobility
bourgeoisie artisans and peasoants
third estate
middle class
bourgeoisie
large gap in between rich and poor
causes of the french revolution
louis xvi called for a meeting of the .... for the first time in over 150 yrs
estates general
louis xvi called estates general to
raise money
upper two estates wanted to vote as
estates
third estates
delegates
louis refused the third estates request for a
mass meeting
the thrid estate declared itself to be the
national convention
members of the national assembly swore to remain in session until a constitution was completed
tennis court oath
ordered all three estates to negotioate in the national assembly
louis xvi
oredered swill troops to paris
luis xvi
french royal prison attacked by paresians to defend the national assembly
bastille
symboic beginning of the french revolution
storming of the bastille
national assembly guaranteed freedom of speech press and religion
declaration of rights of man and the citizen
national assembly created a
limited constitutional monarchy
working class men and women pushed for more radical action during fr
sans culottes
extreme radicals who demanded true democracy
jacobins
unpopular queen of france
marie antoinette
national assembly declared war on
austria
jacobins killed ppl they claimed were
counter revolutionaries
called by radicals to rewrite french constitiution
national convention
national convention abolished monarch and declared france a
republic
convicted of treason and executed by the national convention
louis xvi
during the french revolution european monarchies fearing the spread of trevolution to their countries
allied against france
because of threats from within
louis xvi
to stop the counter revolution
committee of public safety
reign of terror
robespierrs death ended