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24 Cards in this Set

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Polis
Independently governed political unit made up at a city and surrounding villages.
Acropolis
Fortified hilltop with temples honoring the gods.
Monarchy
A government ruled by kings or queen-succession usually follows family bloodlines.
Solon
Trusted statesman who in 594 BC outlawed debt slavery, let citizen have voice in government, promoted trade.
Aristocracy
Government ruled by small group of nobles, land owning families.
Phalanx
Military formation where foot soldiers stood side by side, holding a spear in one hand and a shield in the other.
Tyrant
Powerful individuals that gained control of the government by appealing to the poor and the discontented.
Helots
State owned slaves
Democracy
Government ruled by the people (citizens)
Persian Wars
Between greece and persian empire that had 3 major battles: Marathon, Thermopylae and Salamis. Greeks won in 479 BC Wars lasted 11 years.
Spartans
Military, regimented people where individual was not important, Sparta was everything.
Olympic Games
Games where most athletic men gathered in Olympia to compete for gods.
agora
public center
Oligarchy
A government ruled by a few powerful people(nobles and merchants).
Hoplite
A shiled that covered half of the soldier's body (Foot soldiers).
Sparta
Southern part of Greece (military state).
Athens
Rocky hill in eastern Greece, North of Sparta.
Cleisthenes
Athenian leader that further reformed Athens and broke up power of nobles.
Darius
Persian Kung that was defeated by the Greeks.
Marathon
Northeast of Athens on Plain.
marathon
Run named after Pheidippes 25 mile run from Marathon to Athens.
Xerxes
Son and Persian successor of Darius
Thermopylae
Narrow mountain pass where Spartans held back Xerxes.
Salamis
Island a few miles southwest of Athens.