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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Renaissance
Period of rebirth of art and learning in Europe lasting from about 1300 to 1600
humanism
Focus on human potential and achievements
secular
Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
patrons
People who financially supported artists
perspective
Art technique that recreates three dimensions vernacular use of native language instead of classical Latin
Utopia
An ideal place
printing press
Machine for reproducing writing by pressing paper against inked type
Gutenberg Bible
First full-size book printed with a movable type printing press
indulgence
Release from punishments due for a sin
Reformation
16th-century movement for religious reform, leading to the founding of new Christian churches
Lutheran
Member of a Protestant church founded on the teachings of Martin Luther
Protestant
Member of a Christian church founded on the principles of the Reformation
Peace of Augsburg
Agreement in 1555 declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler
annual
Cancel or put an end to
Anglican
Relating to the Church of England
predestination
Doctrine that God has decided all things beforehand, including which people will be saved
Calvinism
Religious teachings based on the ideas of the reformer John Calvin
theocracy
Government controlled by religious leaders
Presbyterian
Member of a Protestant church governed by elders and founded by Hohn Knox
Anabaptist
Member of a Protestant group during the Reformation who believed only adults should be baptized. Also believed that church and state should be separate
Catholic Reformation
16th-century Catholic reform movement in response to Protestant Reformation
Jesuits
Members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola
Council of Trent
Meeting of Roman Catholic leaders to rule on doctrined criticized by the Protestant reformers