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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Oases
Watering hole in the desert
Bedouins
Nomadic Arab Herders
Mecca
City in Arabia where religious pilgrims came
Ka'aba
Simple house of worship that housed 360 idols
Allah
one god belief in Arabic
Hanifs
People that believed in only one god.
Muhammad
Man who was contacted by Angel Gabriel to proclaim that there was only one god called Allah. Founder of Muslim.
Khadijah
Wealthy business women who Muhammad married.
Gabriel
Angel who contacted Muhammad.
Islam
Religion of Muhammad.
Muslim
Person who practices Islam.
Hijrah
Muhammads pilgramge from Mecca to Yathrib. This trip is considered start of Islam religion.
Medina
New name for city of Yathrib meaning city of the prophet.
Qur'an
Holy book of the Muslims
The Five Pillars
Faith, Prayer, Alms, Fasting, and Pilgrimage.
Mosque
Islamic house of worship.
Alms
Money for the poor.
Ramadan
Islamic holy month.
Hajj
Pilgrimage to Mecca
Ulama
Scholars who are concerned with learning and law.
Sunna
Muhammads example of the best way of living.
Shariah
Body of law that regulates family life, moral conduct, and business and community of Muslims.
Torah
Book of Jewish religion.
Muezzin
Call to prayer.
Minaret
Tower where muezzin calls may be place. Like a bell tower.
caliph
title that means successor.
Title of head of Islam.
Jihad
holy war
Jizya
a poll tax
People of the Book
Jews/Christionan who had either Torah/Bible to guide religion.
Umayyads
Family that took over Caliph and setup a hereditary system of succession.
Shi'a
means party of Ali. Meaning that caliph had to be relative of the prophet muhammud.
Sunni
Followers of Muhammad's example.
Sufi
Group of muslims that pursued life of poverty and devotion to a spiritual path. Kept focus on the Qur'an and tradition.
Abbasids
Rebel group that over threw Umayyads. Built stron bureaucracy. Moved capital to Baghdad.
al-Andulus
Muslim state in southern Spain formed by the Berbers.
Fatimid
Dynasty named after Muhammads daughter Fatima. Dynasty was in North Africa to western Arabia and Syria.
Baghdad
Last Capital of Islam. Located on Tigris River. Circular shaped city
Cairo
Capital of Fatimid dynasty.
Purdah
Mean and women should be kept apart from eachother.
Harem
Women's section of a wealthy man's house. Adult boys not allowed in harem. Only adult male allowed was husband.
House of Wisdom
A comination library, academy, and translation center.
Al-Kwarazini
Founder of algebra
Algebra
Art of bringing together unkowns to match a known quantity.
Optics
Book written by ALhazen that showed how people see objects.
calligraphy
Art of beautiful handwriting.
Astronomy
Study of the sky
Astrolabe
Early instrument used to measure the angles of the sun and stars above the horizon.