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17 Cards in this Set

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Republic
Form of gov't in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote
Patrician
aristocratic landowning citizens
Plebeian
Common farmers, artisans and merchants Majority of the population. Not allowed into Senate.
Tribune
Elected representatives of assembly formed by Plebians
Consul
Only two people.
Had limited powers: like kings commanded army and directed gov't.
Elected to 1 yr term could veto eachother and could not be reelected for another 10 years.
Senate
Aristocratic branch of gov't.
Lifetime member
Had enormous influence on gov't.
Dictator
Leader with absolute power to make laws and command armies. Only allowed for six month term.
Legion
Large military unit with 5,000 armed soldiers and calvary.
Hannibal
Brilliant general from Carthage that fought against Rome in Punic War
Scipio
Roman General who planned attack on Carthage and allowed Rome to finally defeat Hannibal
Rome
Capital city of Roman Empire located on Tiber River, near the center of the Italian peninsula.
Latins
Farmers and shepards who wandered into Italy across the Alps around 1000 BC
Forum
Public meeting place below Palatine HIll that became the heart of political life.
Tarquin the Proud
Last Estruscan King who ruled Rome. He was a tyrant and was overthrown.
Carthage
City on Mediterranean located on peninsula on North African coast. Fought with Rome for Control of Mediterannean.
Punic Wars
War between Rome and Carthage from 246 to 146 BC
Province
Administrative unit overseas.