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46 Cards in this Set

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Germans
People who lived north of Roman Empire
Franks
Germanic people who lived in the Roman Province of Gaul.
Clovis
Leader of Franks who brought Christianity to the province.
Missionary
People who's goal is to spread Christianity.
Monastery
religious communities
Benedict
Italian monk who wrote the rules for monasteries.
Scholastica
Convent headed by Benedict's sister.
Venerable Bede
English Monk who wrote history of England.
Gregory the Great
Pope who made Church involved in politics.
Secular
Worldly
Charles Martel
Chistian hero who was the mayor of Gaul who defeated the Muslims.
Tours
City in Gaul where Muslims were defeated.
Pepin the Short
Charles Martel's son who was made king by the pope.
Charlemagne
Successor of Pepin who bulit greatest empire since Rome.
Treaty of Verdun
Treaty that eneded war between Charlemagne's three grandsons and divided empire into 3 parts.
Vikings
People who worshipped warlike gods that were from Scandinavia.
Leif Ericson
Viking explorer who is thought to have visited North America.
Magyars
Turkish group of nomadic people.
Rollo
Head of Viking army that lived in what is now Normandy.
Lord
Landowning noble.
Fief
Granted land in exchange for military protection.
Vassal
Person who receives fief
Knight
Mounted warriors who defended lords' land in exchange for fiefs.
Serf
People who could not lawfully leave the place where they were born.
Manor
Lords' estate
Tithe
Church tax
Page
Son of noble who was sent to castle of another lord for training at age 7.
Squire
Second step to becoming a knight acted as a servant to a knight.
Chivalry
Set of ideals that knight lived by.
Tournament
Mock Battles
Castle
Home of the lord and lady.
Trebuchet
Worked like a giant slingshot and propelled objects up to 980 feet.
The Song of Roland
Earliest and most famous medieval epic poems.
Troubadour
Poet-musicians
Eleanor of Aquitaine
Married to two kings and the mother of 2 kings.
Clergy
Religious officials
Sacraments
Important religious ceremonies.
Baptism
Recognizing people in Christian religion.
Confirmation
People publicly acknowledge their membership in the church.
Canon Law
Law of the Church
Excommunication
Banishment from the church.
Interdict
suspension of sacraments and religious services in the king's land.
Holy Roman Empire
Located in present day Germany.
Lay investiture
Ceremony where kings and nobles were appointed church officials.
Henry IV
King who was excommunicated by Pope Gregory for an argument over lay investiture. Henry was forgiven after begging forgiveness.
Frederick I
King who called empire holy roman empire. Fought with pope and humiliated by Lombard League.