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25 Cards in this Set

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new intellectual movement that focused on secular themes rather than on the religious ideas that had concerned the medieval thinkers
humanism
classical writing, art and society
Humanism had an interest in what three areas
worldly
secular
an emphasis on the dignity and worth of the individual person
individualism
poetry form with 14 lines and a fixed pattern of rhyme and meter
sonnet
wrote short poems, or sonnets, for a woman he loved who died in the Bubonic Plague
Francesco Petrarca
elected leader of Venice's republican government
doge
castles built in France that combined the Gothic and classical forms
chateaux
doctrine that held that a person can be deemed good because of faith alone
justification by faith
certificates ussued by the Catholic Church that could reduce or even eliminate someone's punishment for sins
indulgences
a calling from God to take up a certain work
vocation
state that is run by a church that is independent from Catholicism
theocracy
doctrine that held that God determines everything that happens inthe past, present, and future
predestination
school for the training of Catholic priests
seminary
ornate, dramatic artistic style developed in Europe in the 1550s
baroque
founded the Society of Jesus or the Jesuits
Ignatius of Loyola
ruler who enjoyed tennis, jousting, music and theology
Henry VIII
the period of the awakening of learning and great change
Renaissance
In 1456 printed a complete edition of the Bible using metal type
Johannes Gutenberg
diplomat who wrote The Prince, a book that realistically analyzed the politics of Renaissance Italy
Niccolo Machiavelli
known as "the Magnificent"; ruled Florence and used his wealth to support artisits, philosophers and writers and to sponsor public festivals
Lorenzo de Medici
painter, architect, sculptor and poet; created David, a gigantic marble statue
Michelangelo Buonarroti
painter, sculptor, architect and engineer who painted the Mona Lisa
Leonardo da Vinci
Florence, Rome and Venice
3 cities that played leading roles in the Renaissance
powerful political leaders
signori