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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The Great Depression
World wide economic depression following WWI, began with collapse of American stock market in 1929. Actual causes were collapse of banking houses and massive unemployment.
Construction of tariff barriers to protect industries. Practiced by western nations who negnected facilitating balanced world economic growth. Reduced market opportunities and made a bad situation worse.
Socialism in one country
Stalin's concept of communism based solely on the soviet unio0n rather than Lenin's idea of an international revolution. This caused the soviet union to avoid the depression.
Popular Front
Combination of soicalist and comunist political parties in France; won election in 1936; unable to take strong measures of social reform becuase of continuing strenght of conservatives, fell from power in 1938.
Took hold under Mussolini in Italy, a political philosophy that attacked the weakness of democracy and corruption of capitalism. Promised vigorous foriegn and military programs and undertook state control of economy to reduce social friciton.
Benito Mussolini
Italian facist leader after WWI; created 1st facist government based on agressive foriegn policy and new nationalist glories.
Adolf Hitler
Nazi leader of fascist Germany (1933-1945). Created a strongly centralized state; eliminated all rivals; launched Germany on agressive foriegn policy leading to WWII, responsible for the Holocaust.
New Deal
Roosevelt's programs (1933) to combat the depression; enacted a number of social insurance measures and used government spending to stimulate the economy; created the social security system, public works projects and regulations on banking.
Totalitarian State
Massive direct control over virtually all of the activities of its subjects. Existed in Germany, Italy, and the Soviet Union.
Hitler's secret police, known for brutal tactics.
Under Hitler, union of Germany with the German speaking part of Austria in 1938, despite complaints of other European nations for it went against the Treaty of Versailles.
Joseph Stalin
Took control of the USSR when Lenin died; represented anti-western strain of Russian tradion; crushed opposition to his rule. Created collectivization program and fiver year plans to replace the NEP.
(Stalin) Creation of large, state-run farms (1928) - allowed more efficient control over peasants but lowered food production.
Wealthy, comercially oriented and land owning peasants, who were particullarly attuned to a profit base market agriculture.
Five-Year Plans
Stalin's plans to hasten industrialization constructed massive factories in metallurgy, mining and electric power, led to massive state-planned industrialization at cost of availability of ocnsumer products.