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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Define history.
History is what is written about the past.
*Not an interpetation or past itself*
List 5 varieties of history.
Political, military, cultural, economic, social, and written evidence.
What are the different types of sources historians use?
Primary, secondary, and territory.
What is geography?
The study of people, their environments, and the resources available to them.
List the 5 themes of geography.
Location, place, human-environment interaction, movement, and region.
What are the 8 features of civilization?
Cities, well-organized central governments, complex religions, job specialization, social classes, arts and architecture, public works, and writing.
What are two ways a civilization can change?
-Change dealing with the environment (Ex. volcano, overfarming)
-Change dealing with cultural diffusion or spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another.
Why is Mesopotamia the "crossroads of the world"?
It joins together three different continents.
Define city-state.
Political unit that included a city and its surrounding lands and villages.
Describe SUmerian religion.
-Built ziggurats
-Pestamistic about after life
Who was Hammurabi?

Describe his code.
King of Babylon, brought Mesopotamia under his control.

Code= Laws his government would follow clearly stated by artisans on large stones.
Who were the Assyrians?
The group that took of the 1st Babylonians..
-Had well organized society, but were bruttaly harsh
-Founded the library
Who were the Phoenicians?
Powerful rulers who famed as sailors & traders had colonies. Invented alphabet and trade was very big.
What is Zoroastrianism?
Persian religion
Ahura Mazda ruled world
Define monotheism and polytheism.
mono- beliving in one god

poly- believing in multiple gods