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68 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
independent, self governing community that includes a city and surrounding territory
city-state
bartering didn't work because it required a__________ coincidence of WANTS.
double
Form of government with God as the one ruler
Theocracy
person skilled in a specialized craft.
artisan/craftsman
scientific sutdy of material evidence from the past
archeology
period of time before people kept written records
pre-history
written down in exact ordered form
codified
he had the first empire
Sargon the Great
the age began when copper was added to stone
new stone-age
First set of codified laws such as "an eye for an eye..." called the___________
Hammurabi's code
What did a steady source of food allow people to in the New Stone age to do:
turn to non-farming tasks
AD means
AnnoDomini, meaning in the year of our Lord
to dig up, unearth or move:
excavate
an example of a stone age village ca 6,000 BC, located in persent-day Turkey:
Catal-Huyuk
What 2 things caused the growth of villages
herding and farming
The ________was the earliest river valley civilazation
Tigris/Euphrates
The Tigris/Euphrates was called___________which meant land between the rivers. It was also called the _____________because it was shaped like a half moon.
-Mesopotamia
-fertile crescent
The river valley civilization in Egypt was the __________
Nile River Valley
The River valley civilization in the NEAR EAST called the OCCIDENT, near present-day Pakistan was the____
Indus River Valley
The river valley civ. in China, in the FAR EAST, called the ORIENT, was the _________
Wang Ho River Valley
The formation of a class system came about because of the division of
labor
God had already given language to people but systems of writing were developed as the need for keeping_______came about
records
The__________aka__________civ. developed the wheel and the sail.
Sumaria aka Mesopotamia
A__________was a large clay-brick temple with several levels.
ziggurat
_________writing was the wedge shaped writing of the Sumerians
Cuneiform
Abraham was from the city of ________
Ur
The Mesopotamians also developed things in astronomy such as the changing postition of_________and________month _________based on the phases of the_______
the planets
12
calendar
moon
The archaelogical discovery found in 1840 became the key to understanding the Mesopotamian Cuneiform writing
Behistun Rock
Al of the religions of the Tigris/Euphrates and the Nile River Valley Civs. were______except the Hebrews/Jews who were________
polytheistic
monotheistic
The________is where the mouth of the Nile River is located
Mediterranean Sea
________is a family of rulers
dynesty
A_________was a ruler/monarch of Egypt.
Pharoah
_________________became pharoah when he was____years old.
King Tutankhamon
9
The________, carved in 196 BC, contained inscriptions in three kinds of writing and becaume the key to understanding early Egyption history.
Rosetta stone
The______Age was so named because of new material other than stone and copper used in making spears, tools, and other weapons.
Bronze
________is the name of the set of laws God gave to Moses.
Decalogue
________was the first King of Israel
Saul
_______was the second king of Israel
David
was the last King of a united Israel
Solomon
is the name of the Hebrew religion
Judaism
were messengers of God
prophets
___official religion of Persian Empire ca 600 BC Around 2000 BC, the ____discovered____and kept it a secret. This allowed them to take control of____routes until about 1200 BC when they were conquered/
Zoroastrianism
Hittites
iron
trade
SE of Asia Minor (pd Lebanon) on teh e coast of the Med. sea was the coastal land of_________who turned to the sea to make their living becoming sailors, shipbuilders and merchants.
Phoenicia
The cities of_____and ________were busy ports and they shipped timber, "purple dyed cloth" so costly it became known as___________
Tyre
Sidon
Royal purple
The P were the first to make objects of clear_______
glass
The__________were have thought to have reached Britain and southern Africa becuase they spread the ideas of the ancient Middle East as well as their products and alphabet.
Phoenicians
The_________used a writing system that had an alphabet
Phoneicians
THe________carried theis aplhabet wherever they traded and it spread to Greece.
Phonecians
The Greeks added _______to the alphabet and this develpoed into the alphabet on which our own is based.
vowels
The_______were known as the "carriers of vic." because they spread ideas and products around the rim of the Med. Sea as they traveled about. They also spread the alphabet around.
Phonicians
Thanks to the________-an economic system based on Gold coins began.
Lydians
The____________Empire reached its height about 660 BC during the reign of Ashurbanipal and all of the land from Egypt to the Persian Gulf were under their control.
Assyria
Cyrus and Darius were both kings of_________
Persia
The_________Peninsula is part of Egypt.
Siani
About 612 BC, the _________of Babylon joined with the Medes of Persia and overthrew the Assyrians and destroyed the city of Ninevah.
Chaldeans
_________was the greatest king of the Chaldeans. King________captured much of the Fertile crescent and also rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city including a beautiful series of terraces planted which became known as the________________________.
Nebuchadnezzar
Nebuchadnezzar
hanging Gardens of Babylon
The______united all of the Middle Eastern peoples under rule 547 BC
Persians
Famous crossroads for traders, nomadic herders and invading armies is the Peninsula of ______where the eatern end of the Med. sea, Europe and Asia meet
Asia Minor
The_____were a group of people of Aryans who settled in the mountains of western Asia Minor. They wanted to gain control of the trade routes. They discovered how to use iron and kept it their secret until the fall of their empire in 1200 BC.
Hittites
The ___________were a group of people around 200 BC began to migrate from their homeland somewhere ne of the black sea. They had a distinct language called________which is the ancester of most all languages now spoken in Europe and India
Aryans
IndoEuropean
The__________were the firect masters in the Art of war
Assyrians
Sumer was located in what is present-day ______
Iraq
The________were found in teh area of________; they are the earliest known copy of the _________________and each one was hand written by a scribe while it was being read alod. Each set is considered sacred. It was the first time a written source for the oral tradition of the Jews had been found.
Dead Sea scrolls
Kumron
tora. 1st 5 books of the old testament
In 1868, the black________was foudn and it was the first varied evidence of Biblical accuracy as there were now two sources of the same event. It was later destroyed but the discoverer of the stone had made a rubbing on paper of the writing on the stone.
Moabite Stone
Psalm 137 tells about the destruction of King_______Temple when10000 Jews were taken captive by King____________of Babylon
Solomon's
Nebuchadnezzar
Type of punishment used by the Assyrians was_____________
TRIAL-BY-ORDEAL
Important archaelogical find in ________were 22000 clay tablets with Cuneiform writing had once made up its Library.
Assyria
These were the first invented in Sumer:____,______,_____,AND_____
wheel
gardening
government
sail