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25 Cards in this Set

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myth
traditonal stories about the deeds and misdeeds of gods, goddesses, and heroes, sometimes explaining the origins of a particular group or people. ex: echo and narcissus
renaissance
movement following the middle ages that centered on the revival of interest in the classical interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome; french word meaning "rebirth"
manorialism
the medieval system by which land was rented to tenants by the lord of a manor, who also exercised legal authority and presided over a court for the area.
lord
in medieval Europe, a powerful land- or property-owner, with authority over an area, castle, or community, for example, the lord of a manor
oracles
religious sanctuaries where greek gods were believed to speak about the future through priests and priestesses
agora
marketplace in greecethat was also a public meeting placewhere all citizens could gather.(p. 105)
excommunication
official edict that bars a person from church membership and from taking part in any church ceremonies.
plebian
citizens of rome not of aristocracy:
guilds
an association of merchants or craftspeople in medieval Europe, formed to give help and advice to its members and to make regulations and set standards for a particular trade
scholacticism
the attempt of medieval philosophers to reconcile christian fath with aristotles philosiphies
humanists
people who specialize in humanities, the study of grammar,rhetoric,history, and poetryusing classical text.
epic
long poemlong poems describing heroes and great events. ex: the odyessy
simony
purchase of church position, common during early medieval times
investiture
the appointment of bishops in the Roman Catholic Church by a civil ruler instead of by the Church
fuedalism
the legal and social system that existed in medieval Europe, in which vassals held land from lords in exchange for military service

helots
social group in Sparta consisting of slaves; made up of people conquered by the spartans
patrician
powerful aristrocratic class that controlled roman goverment and society:
polis
greek word for greek city state.
tyrant
in ancient greece, someone who siezed power by force but who ruled with the peoples support; later came to refer to rulers who exercised brutal and oppressive power.
acropolis
hill or mountain in Greece that included a fort as well as temples and other public buildings
black death
the plauge came in two forms 1. bubonic plauge 2. pneumonic plauge stared 1347 wiped out 1/3 of europe
heresy
opinion that conflicts with church doctirne.
indulgences
pardons from punishment for sin
chivalry
code of conduct for knights
vassal
person granted land from a lord in return for services.