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29 Cards in this Set

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Primary Source
an original fundamental and authoritative document pertaining to an event or subject of inquiry; a firsthand or eyewitness account of an event
Matriarchy
rule by women
Polytheistic
beleif in multiple gods
technology
skills and tools people use to meet their basic needs
civilization
a complex, highly organized social order
history
a systematic record of human past, whatever happened to human beings in the past
prehistory
what happened to humans before written record
monotheistic
beleif in one God
ethics
morally upstanding behavior
fertile crescent
A belt of civilized settlements reaching from lower Mesopotamia across Syria, Lebanon, and Israel and into Egypt
theocracy
the rule of gods or their priests
patriarchy
rule by men
ethics
morally upstanding behavior, a code of behavior
prophet
A predictor; a soothsayer
Mesopotamia
an ancient civilization meaning land between the rivers between the Euphrates and Tigres Rivers near present day Iraq
pharoah
The title of the god-king of ancient Egypt
dynasty
a line of family that rules for a long period of time
bureacracy
non-elected government officials
caste
A socioeconomic group that is entered by birth and rarely exitable.
dharma
A code of morals and conduct prescribed for one’s caste in Hinduism.
karma
The balance of good and evil done in a given incarnation in Hindu belief.
Vedas
The four oral epics of the Aryans
Jainism
strict, non-violent sacred view of all life, 2% of all Hindus
Jati
a Hindu caste system; also, any of the subcastes of this system
mandate of heaven
A theory of rule originated by the Zhou dynasty in China, emphasizing the connection between imperial government’s rectitude and its right to govern.
Pax Sinica
"chinese peace" time of peace and prosperity in China
filial piety
the respect for elders or parents above all things
reciprocity
do not do unto others as you would not have them do unto you
civil service examination
written comprehensive test any person except women could take and if you pass you become govt. official