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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
absolute location
the exact place on earth where a geographic feature is found
relative location
describes a place in relation to other places around it
equator
imaginary line that circles the globe
prime meridian
imaginary line at zero meridian used to mesure longitude east and west
latitude lines
run parallel to the equator
core
earth's center, made of iron, nickel; inner core is solid and outer core is liquid
lava
magma that has reached the earth's system
lithosphere
the solid rock portion of the earth's surface
Richter scale
way to measure information collected by seismographs to determine the relative strength of an earthquake
epicenter
point where an earthquake began
chemical weathering
the process that changes rock into a new substance through interactions among elements in the air or water and the minerals in the rock
delta
a fan-like landform made of deposited sediment, left by a river that slows as it enters the ocean
megalopolis
a region where several large cities and surrounding areas grow together
free enterprise system
an economic system where private individuals own most of the resources, technology, and buisnesses, and can operate them for profit with little control from the government
service industry
any kind of economic activity that produces a service rather than a product
Crusades
series of wars launched by Eruopean Christians in 1096 to capture the Holy Land (Palestine) from Muslims
age of exploration
none
balkanization
the process of breaking up a region into small, mutually hostile units
longitude lines
a set of imaginary lines that go around over the earth's poles, dividing it east and west
heimsphere
each half of the globe
globe
a three-dimensional representation of the earth
map projection
a way of mapping the earth's surface that reduces distortion caused by converting three dimensions into two dimensions
topographic map
a general reference map; a representation of natural and man-made features on the earth
mantle
a rock layer about 1,800 miles thick that is between the earth's crust and the earth's core
magma
the molten rock material formed when solid rock in the earth's mantle or crust melts
seismograph
a device that meausres the size of the waves created by an eqathquake
Ring of Fire
the chain of volcanoes that lines the Pacfic Rim
mechanical weathering
natural processes that break rock into smaller pieces
loess
wind-blown silt and clay sediment that produces very fertile soil
service industry
any kind of economic activity that produces a service rather than a product
Crusades
series of wars launched by Eruopean Christians in 1096 to capture the Holy Land (Palestine) from Muslims
age of exploration
none
balkanization
the process of breaking up a region into small, mutually hostile units
longitude lines
a set of imaginary lines that go around over the earth's poles, dividing it east and west
heimsphere
each half of the globe
globe
a three-dimensional representation of the earth
map projection
a way of mapping the earth's surface that reduces distortion caused by converting three dimensions into two dimensions
topographic map
a general reference map; a representation of natural and man-made features on the earth
mantle
a rock layer about 1,800 miles thick that is between the earth's crust and the earth's core
magma
the molten rock material formed when solid rock in the earth's mantle or crust melts
seismograph
a device that meausres the size of the waves created by an eqathquake
Ring of Fire
the chain of volcanoes that lines the Pacfic Rim
mechanical weathering
natural processes that break rock into smaller pieces
loess
wind-blown silt and clay sediment that produces very fertile soil