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38 Cards in this Set

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A huge, moving mass of ice.
What is a Glacier? p.15.
ice sheets up to two miles thick which are receding due to Greenhouse Effect causing flooding
A flat, sandy area where a river enters an ocean.
What is a Delta? p. 15.
The Mississippi has one in Louisianna
A way to draw the curved areas of the earth on a flat surface.
What is a Map Projection?
p. 15.
Lessens distortion at edges and around equator.
Related to regions near the equator, a tropical climate is very warm and moist.
What is Tropical? p. 15.
Hawaii's climate.
A resource that can be replaced as it is used.
What is a Renewable Resource?
p. 15.
Ex. trees, people, animals, grasses, et. al.
A resource that cannot be replaced by natural resources or is replaced extremely slowly.
What is a Nonrenewable Resource? p.15.
Fossil Fuels, water, precious metals, oxygen, et. al.
Explains subject of map & tells what information it conveys.
What is the Map Title?
tells what map is about
Gives cardinal or secondary directions on a map/globe.
What is a Compass Rose?
May be a North Arrow as simpler form
Words or phrases explaining features of map.
What are Labels?
descriptive words on maps
Lines of latitude and longitude which form intersecting lines on maps and globes
What is a Map Grid?
helps to find absolute locaton by coordinates on maps
The ratio between a unit of length on a map and unit of distance on earth.
What is Scale?
small scale covers a large area while large scale covers a small, finite area.
Represent real objects/ activities (i.e., capitals, boundaries, economic activities & natural resources, etc.
What are Symbols?
Ex. Circled star = Capital
Crossed lines = railroad
Represents information by color on legend
What is Color-coding?
Ex. blue/water, pie graph percentages by color
Ways of showing the curved surface of Earth on a flat map with minimal distortion
at equator and edges
What are Projections?
types are Mercator, Homolosine, & Robinson
A projection showing the shortest distance betw. two points by a straight line.
What is a Planar Projection?
An "azimuthal map"
A projection of a map onto a cone; used to showlandmasses extending over large area East to West.
What is a Conical Projection?
looks like an upside down ice cream cone
Projects map onto a cylinder;
best for specific areas.
What is a Compromise Projection?
Ex. Mercator, Homolosine & Robinson types of maps
The shapes of continents distort at poles & compress at equator.
What is a Mercator Map?
Divides oceans with accurate shapes & sizes but not distance
What is an Homolosine Map?
"Interrupted Map"
Used in Textbooks; shows entire Earth w/ nearly true sizes & shapes of continents
What is a Robinson Map?
Landforms appear flat at poles.
Shows types of landforms and bodies of water found in a specific area.
What is a Physical Map?
Shows features of earth that are formed by Nature.
Maps showing man-made features on the earth's surface.
What are Political Maps?
Ex. capitals, cities, boundaries, provinces territories, countries, roads , railways.
Focus on specific types of information.
What is a Thematic Map?
Maps using colors, symbols, dots, or lines to help you see patterns related to specific data
What are Qualitative Maps?
Ex. showing spread of culture by color & symbols
Maps presenting information about a country based on a set of data other than land area.
What are Cartograms?
Ex. showing world's oil reserves across countries by color or symbols
Maps showing the movement of goods, ideas, animals, or even glaciers using a series of arrows to show location, direction & scope of movement
What is a Flow-Line Map?
Width of arrows may show quantity of flow in movement; also location, direction & scope
30 degrees N. is the point farthest North where the sun shines directly overhead at 12:00 noon.
What is the Tropic of Cancer?
half the distance between equator and Arctic Circle on June 21.
30 degrees S. is the point farthest South where the sun shines directly overhead at 12:00
What is the Tropic of Capricorn?
half the distance betw. equator and Antarctic Circle on December 21.
The day on which the sun's rays shine directly overhead.
What is the Solstice?
happens at end of June and end of December.
This marks the shortest day of the year.
What is the Summer Solstice?
June 21/22
This marks the longest day of the year.
What is the Winter Solstice?
December 22/23
Twice a year when days and nights all over the world are equal in length.
What is the Equinox?
Happens in Spring about March 21st & Autumn about Sept. 23.
This marks beginning of spring and autumn.
What is the Autumnal Equinox?
& What is the Vernal Equinox?
Land on the Leeward side of a mountain which gets little rain from the descending dry air.
What is the Rain Shadow effect?
also called Orographic Effect.
Types of Precipitation
What are Convectional, Orographic, and Frontal.
Hot climates use convection to heat warm, moist air in morning producing clouds & rain in afternoon.
What is Convectional Precipitation?
Ex. Florida beaches have thunderstorms in afternoons
In mountainous areas the clouds rise up the windward side, drop rain, and pass over to leeward side without rain
What is Orographic Precipitation?
Ex. California Coast
Mid-Latitude storms feature cold dense air masses that push lighter warm air masses upward creating precipitation
What is Frontal Precipitaion?
Ex. Cold front meets warm front and rising warm air causes rainfall