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49 Cards in this Set

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buddhism
a religion that originated in India about 500 BC and spread to China, where it grew into a major religion by AD 400
caste system
the Aryan system of social classes in India an done of the cornerstones of Hinduism in which each person is born into a caste and can only move into a different caste through reincarnation
confucianism
a movement based on the teachings of Confucius, a Chinese philosopher who lived about 500 BC; Confucius stressed the importance of education in an ordered society in which one respects ones elders and obeys the government
Hinduism
dominant religion of India. belief in reincarnation and a supreme being of many forms and natures
Islam:
A Monotheistic religion based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad, and the biggest cultural and religious influence in North Africa.
Mao Zedong
the leader of the communists in China who defeated the nationalists in 1949, died in 1976
Recession
an extended period of decline in general business activity
Stateless Nation
A nation of people that does not have a territory to legally occupy, like the Palestinians, Kurds, and Basques
sweatshop
a workplace where people work long hours for low wages under poor conditions to enrich manufacturers
Taoism
a philosophy based on the book Tao Te Ching and the teachings of Lao-Tzu, who lived in China in the 6th century BC and believed in preserving and restoring harmony in the individual, with nature and in te universe with little interference from the government
theocracy
A form of government in which religious leaders control the government, relying on religious law and consultation with religious scholars
acculturation
The modification of the culture of a group or individual as a result of contact with a different culture
animism
The belief in the existence of individual spirits that inhabit natural objects and phenomena
apartheid
An official policy of racial segregation formerly practiced in the Republic of South Africa, involving political, legal, and economic discrimination against nonwhites
birthrate
The ratio of total live births to total population in a specified community or area over a specified period of time
communism
A system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single, often authoritarian party holds power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people.
deforestation
To cut down and clear away the trees or forests from
democracy
Government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representatives
dialect
variation of a language
dictatorship
power of government is held in one person with no checks or laws
immigrant
A person who leaves one country to settle permanently in another
judaism
The monotheistic religion of the Jews
kashmir
a region of northern India and Pakistan over which several destructive wars have been fought
migration
To move from one country or region and settle in another
monarchy
government with power in a monarch (king or queen). One who reigns over a state or territory, usually for life and by hereditary right. usually believe they are appointed by God
mortality rate
The ratio of total deaths to total population in a specified community or area over a specified period of time
pandemic
Epidemic over a wide geographic area and affecting a large proportion of the population
urbanization
the social process whereby cities grow and societies become more urban
rai
A form of popular Algerian music combining traditional Arabic vocal styles with various elements of popular Western music and featuring outspoken, often controversial lyrics
yurt
A circular, domed, portable tent used by nomadic peoples of central Asia
Yasser Arafat
leader of the PLO..died this year of an unknown cause, very controversial leader, called father of terrorism, palestinian president, engineer, whole life dedicated to the palestinian cause
polygamy
The condition or practice of having more than one spouse at one time
equator
divides earth into even halves (north and south hemisphere) perpindicular to prime meridian
longitude
parallel to prime meridian... measures east and west (right to left)
latitude
parallel to equator... measures north and south (up and down)
nation-state
A political unit consisting of an autonomous state inhabited predominantly by a people sharing a common culture, history, and language
ethnic group
people of the same race or nationality who share a distinctive culture
Gandhi
practiced non-violent protests, lawyer...assasinated by a Hindu
AIDS
acquired immune deficiency syndrome...only can get it with HIV
5 pillars of Islam
pilgrammage, fiaht, fasting, prayer, charity...its how Muslim's live their lives
Dali Llama
Tibet, Buddhist
5 themes of geography
location, place, movement, region, human enivronment interaction
Kung Fu Tzu
founder of confucious
absolute location
exact place on earth
Gross National Product
values of all goods produced by a country
comand economy
government decides what to make
Nelson Mandela
ended apartheid in S Africa, 1st black pres
economic system
ppl produce and exchange goods
economy
production and exchange among ppl