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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Orthodox
greek orthodox
byzantium
cause schism
Catholicism
roman catholic
west
cause schism
Seljuk Turks
reason to call crusade
-took antioch+edessa (1085)
-attacking byzantium
-rivals of abbasids who moved
capital to baghdad
Propaganda
?
Tribal Clans
-in mecca and medina
-fought eachother
-caused mess in cities
-muhammed caused them to come together
Aceticism
self denial-> enlightenment
Khadija
muhammeds wife
rich widow
prosperous life-> travel
knows other customs
Abu Talib
muh. uncle-raises as child
role model of muh.
Abu Bakr
muh. best friend
1st rightly guided caliph
Angel Gabrial
-came to muh. in cave
-told him to write down quaran
-muh. preaches quaran
Schism
-1054
-split between west+east
-greek orthodox/ roman catholic
Caliphs
-successor-after muhammeds death
-"right to interperet koran"
-4 rightly guided caliphs
-632-661-abu bakr, umar, uthman, ali
Mecca
?
Medina
?
Allah
?
Buffer
-person/thing that prevents
people/things from being harmed
-east=buffer for west so west can
grow
5 Pillars
-Shahada
-Salat
-Zakat
-Sawn
-Hajj
Provisions
?
Saladin
?
Hermit
?
Jihad
?
Battle Of Tours
umyyads lose battle in spain
Sunni
-split from shia from umayyads
-believe
-anyone has right to rule and interpret the quaran
Shia
-split from sunni from umyyads
-believe
-only muslims of muh. descendant
have right to rule
Sufi
-Monastic order of islam
-turn back to society
-mysitcs->meditate, fast, etc
Hijrah?
-medina- trouble between rival clans
-want outsider to restore peace (muh.)
-many muslims go to medina
-622-mecca wants to kill muh-> goes to cave w/ abu bakr
-muh. accepts wish from medina
Trade Routes Shift
-trade routes shift to go through medina
-medina becomes very rich
Venetians?
-help pope on 4th crusade
-want diff. from pope=go to jerusalem
-leave w/out pope knowing
Pope Urban
-called 4th crusade
-wanted-eastern church under palpal rule-shift power back to rome-reassert authority over kings
Peasant Crusade
-part of the 4th crusade
-they left right away because they had
nothing at home
-were anxious to leave
Kingdom of Jerusalem
?
Shahada
Testimony Of Faith
--"There is no god but God and Muhammed is his prophet."
-makes one a muslim
-acknowledges belonging in great creation
Salat
Prayer
--5 times a day towards Mecca
-in arabic
-same language around world->brotherhood of faith
Zakat
Almsgiving
--acting chairitably
-in many places an official tax
Sawn
Fasting
--During daylight hour-month of Ramadan
-god is stronger that earthly desires
-reminds of weakness of body
=compassion for those less fortunate
Hajj
Pilgrimage to Mecca
--once in a life if physic.+finan. possible
-rigorous journey (not relaxing holiday)
-earn great status when done
-wear same clothes-all equal-no status
Byzantium
(characteristics)
-"pot of honey surrounded by swarming wasps"
-greek orthodox- preist can marry, worship to understand->close to god
-emperor is ablsolute ruler-centralize
-well trained civil service+lots of trade
West vs. East (L.T.)
?
Spread of Islam
(after muh.)
-Uthman+Ali went from tripoli to Indus
--died 656, 661
-Umyyads take over-monarch-capital to Damascus
Abu Bakr
-reasserts authority over Arabia
-troups gain experience
-controll all of Arabia
Umar
-discipline armies
-conquer syria+egypt
Uthman+ Ali
656 661
-fight for religious cause, allah was on their side=successful
-bzyzantine+persia=weak-persecute of people that did not support religion-xian
-U+A-assimulate conq. into society-did not try to convert.
Umyyads
661-750
-take over-monarch-capit. to Damascus
-expand into spain+lose battle of tours
-greedy- created division with fundamentalists
-thought lost tough with religion
-sunni-shia split
Abbasids
(750-1258)
-rebel group-overthrow umyyads
-killed all umyyads except prince->spain
-move capital to baghdad-strong but rivals spring up-Seljuk Turks-watch out
Muslim acheivments/influence on
W. Europe + (L.T.)
?
Just War Theory
*Honor
-how+why wars are fought
-ethically justifying war + form of war
*set of mutually agreed rules of combat
Just War Theory (L.T.)
-by fighting cleanly both sides can be sure that the war does not esclate thus reducing probability of war of revenge
-make plausible moral framework for war
-4th crusade thinks it it just for them to take back jerusalem
Why do peasants/nobles go on crusade?
-truce for conflicts w/ lords or nobles
-property=protected or sell/mortgage rights to fief
-if owed service to lord, crusade counted
-recieved food+hospitality+no tolls
-excommunicated from sin=to heaven
Reason for crusade
-byzantine=weak=attacks from seljuks
-unite xianity-pope has powerover empe. -power to rome-stop petty wars=redirect to conquer mid. east-authority over kings