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123 Cards in this Set

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The land of these poeple is today called Iran. They built the largest empire in the ancient Middle East. Kings included Darius I and Xerxes. They built the Royal Road from Susa to Sardis
Persians
The Jewish holiday of _____ celebrates the night that death took the firstborn sons of the Egyptians, but spared the children of the Hebrews who painted their doorways with lamb's blood.
Passover
Once ruled by King Nebuchanezzar, these people were also called "New Babylonians"
Chaldeans
Bronze is made out of _____ and _______.
Copper and Tin
(Cu and Sn)
_______ invented silk, porcelain, and paper.
Chinese
"Lucy" got her name from "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds", a song by the _______.
Beatles
Order these Chinese Dynasties from oldest to youngest:
Zhou, Shang, Han, Qin
*Shang
*Zhou
*Qin
*Han
Put these time periods in order from oldest to youngest.
Mesolithic, Paleolithic, Neolithic, The Bronze Age
*Paleolithic
*Mesolithic
*Neolithic
*The Bronze Age
80% of India's population is ________
Hindu
Cave paintings discovered at Lascaux, France were made 15,000 years ago by ________.
Cro-Magnons
Place these hominid groups in order from oldest to youngest:
Australopithecus, Homo Erectus, Neanderthals, Homo Habilis, Cro Magnon
*Australopithecus
*Homo Habilis
*Homo Erectus
*Neanderthals
*Cro Magnon
A stone tool was made in 2,200 BC. This makes the tool ___ years old.
4,202 years old
Place these events in order from oldest to youngest:
Asoka converts to Buddhism
Aryans invade India
the Vedic Age begins
Buddha is born
*Aryans invade India
*the Vedic Age begins
*Buddha is born
*Asoka converts to Buddhism
"Lucy" was an Australopithecus discovered by Dr. Tom Gray and Dr. ________.
Don Johanson
Laozi : "The Old Master" :: Buddha : "___________"
The Enlightened One
The Huang or Yellow River is sometimes called "the Great _____" because of the flooding it often brings which kills people and destroys villages.
Sorrow
goddess of water, children, love and magic. wife of Osirus
Isis
Sudras
unskilled laborers and servants
"_________" means that when societies come into contact, they trade goods and ideas.
Cultural Diffusion
The ancient Chinese called their land "Zhong Guo" which translated means "______ Kingdom". This reflected a belief in China's superiority and a regard for all outsiders as merely barbarians.
Middle
Cheops : Khufu :: Narmer : ________
Menes
Pariahs
the "untouchables"; slaves, the lowest social class
King ______ of Aksum converted his kingdom to Christianity.
Ezana
The modern nations of India, Bangladesh and ______ Pakistan trace their roots to the early Indus River Valley civilization.
Pakistan
place these events in chronological order from oldest to most recent:
Great Pyramid built, Narmer unites Egypt, Aswan Dam built, Hyksos invade Egypt
*Narmer unites Egypt
*Great Pyramid built
*Hyksos invade Egypt
*Aswan Dam built
Vaisyas
the middle class; the common people; merchants, artisans, farmers
_______ are scientists who examine the artifacts left behind by earlier peoples.
Archaeologists
Seasonal winds called _____ affect the climate of India. In the summer they bring heavy rains.
monsooons
Lord ________ was the financial sponser of Howard Carter. He is alleged to have died as a result of the "curse" on King Tut's tomb.
Carnarvon
Kshatriyas
warriors and government leaders
This group of people most likely invented the art of writing in order to keep important records, such as the offerings of people to the city temple.
Priests
The two great mountain ranges of the India/South Asia region are the Hindu Kush and the ______ mountains.
Himalaya
he ordered the worship of only one god and put an end to polytheism
Akenaton
Brahmans
the priests and highest social class
Communities that trace ancestry through the mother are termed to be ________ societies.
Matrilineal
According to the beliefs of Tibetan Buddhists, the _____ _____is the reincarnation of the "Buddha of Compassion"
Dalai Lama
great warrior Pharaoh and step-son of Queen Hapshetsut
Thutmose III
_______ has the oldest continuous civilization in the world.
China
land that is suitable for farming
arable
Khufu : Cheops :: Kongzi : ______
Confucius
place these rulers in order from oldest to most recent:
Ahmose, Narmer, Thutmose III, Tutankamen, Hapshetsut, Seti I, Ramses II, Akenaton
*Narmer
*Ahmose
*Hapshetsut
*Thutmose III
*Akenaton
*Tutankamen
*Seti I
*Ramses II
He led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt
Moses
sum of all ideas, arts, customs and ways of a given people at a given time
culture
While only a boy, this future King fought and killed the giant "Goliath" with his slingshot
David
AKA _______ the Great, he is thought to be the Pharaoh in the biblical story of Exodus
Ramses II
His name means "Drawn from water"
Moses
Radio-carbon dating and ______, or the study of the layers of soil that a fossil was found in, are two methods of determining the age of a fossil.
stratigraphy
Son of King David, this King was known for his great wisdom
Solomon
the "_______ Stone" was the key that allowed Jean-Francois Champollion to decode and translate hieroglyphics.
Rosetta
God made a covenant with him to "make of him a great nation"
Abraham
accumulated knowledge and skills of a people in making objects for survival
technology
Hebrew scribe who collected the holy writings into the Torah
Ezra
falcon-headed god, ruler of the heavens(sky) and son of Osiris
Horus
The _____ langauge group is the most widespread in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Bantu
king of the gods and "sun king", the Pharaohs were believed to be his sons
Ra
The "Iceman" discovered in the Alps in 1991, was found to date back to the ________.
Neolithic
started the first ruling dynasty in ancient Egypt
Narmer
This early African culture settled on the banks of the Niger river between 700-200 BC. They used iron tools and produced terra-cotta crafts and artwork.
Nok
ruler of the dead
Osiris
The Mesopotamian, Harappan-Indus, Huang, and _______ were the world's four oldest river civilizations.
Egyptian
archaeologist Howard Carter discovered his tomb
Tutankahmen
________ systems allowed early farmers to have ready and reliable sources for water.
Irrigation
The Hyksos invasion was successful because they had bronze weapons and _______.
chariots
ability to walk upright on two feet
bipedal
jackal-headed god of embalming and judge of the dead
Anubis
________ was the epic God-King of Uruk who ordered the construction of a defensive wall around the city in 2700 BC.
Gilgamesh
he fathered between 100-200 children
Ramses II
This ancient African kingdom conquered Eqypt in 700 BC. Its first capital city was Napata. Later, it established the iron production center of Meroe as its capital city. This kingdom conducted a successful trade economy featuring ebony and ivory goods.
Kush
a "_______" was the official 'signature' of the Pharaoh. It was oval-shaped and contained the royal symbols for the Pharaoh's name.
Cartouche
items left behind that have been made, shaped, or affected by human hands
artifects
the living spirit of Aton
Akenaton
In Benin, as well as other traditional African cultures, the _____ is at the center of society.
king
the ______ plant was the symbol of Lower Egypt and was used to make a variety of items including rope, mats, and most importantly, paper.
Papyrus
According to Biblical sources, the Ethopian Queen Makeda traveled to Jerusalem to meet King Solomon. They had a son named Menelik. Today she is remembered as the Queen of _______.
Sheba
The _____ _____ of Babylon were considered to be one of the "7 Wonders" of the ancient world.
Hanging Gardens
Famous family of anthropologists. (Louis, Mary, Richard, Maeve)
Leakey
they controlled the land trade routes of the ancient Middle East
Aramaens
The teachings of the Hebrews exist today as...
Judaism
According to the "Epic of Gilgamesh", this Noah-like mysterious old man built a ship in which he, his family, and the seed of all living creatures survived a great flood.
Utnapishtim
King David established this city as the capital of Israel
Jerusalem
A "Vizier" in ancient Egypt most closely relates to the political office of a ______.
Prime Minister
These warlike people developed the three-man chariot. Known for their shaved heads and ponytails.
Hittites
"______ Figures" were statues that were used in Mesopotamian religious rituals.
Votive
capital of the Hittite Empire
Hattusas
This Akkadian King was supposedly abandoned as a baby in a basket, which was later found floating down the Euphrates river. He later built the first empire in Mesopotamia. He also exiled Hebrews to Assyria.
Sargon I
These people were the most brutal and cruel conquerors of the Ancient Middle East. They were known for torturing and killing the people they captured. They had the most highly organized army.
Assyrians
The system of writing used by the ancient Mesopotamians is properly termed ________.
Cuneiform
capital of the Assyrian Empire
Ninevah
"Mesopotamia" literally means...
"Land between the Rivers"
capital of the Chaldean Empire
Babylon
In addition to Hebrew, Jesus of Nazareth also spoke the language of these people
Aramaeans
capital of the Persian Empire
Persepolis
the people of the city-state of Carthage were descended from these people
Phoenicians
the Greek "diaspora" means...
scattered
Hammurabi's Code can best be described as an ancient collection of _________.
laws
Name 4 Phoenician city-states.
Sidon
Byblos
Tyre
Berytus
Mesopotamian scribes were educated at special schools called "________".
"Eddubas"
Match the names to the correct statement:
Ankesenamun, Nefertiti, Nefertari, Hapshetsut
1.she has been called "the first great woman in history"
2.The favorite wife of Ramses II
3.the wife/half-sister of Tutankahmen
4.most beautiful woman of ancient Egypt and wife of Akenaton
1.Hapshetsut
2.Nefertari
3.Ankesenamun
4.Nefertiti
they lived in Asia Minor and had plentiful natural resources such as gold
Lydians
According to legend, Princess ________ was the founder of the City-State of Carthage.
Elissa
The ______ _____ in Washington D.C. was built to look like an obelisk.
Washington Monument
their alphabet used 22 characters and was the basis for the Greek alphabet
Phoenicians
The "Twin Rivers" which now flow through the "Fertile Crescent" are the _____ and the ______.
Tigris and the Euphrates
Monotheism is the belief in ...
one God
the Greek poet Homer described them as "Greedy Rogues"
Phoenicians
The barter system is an economic system in which goods are traded for _______.
other goods
The worship of many gods is correctly termed as "_______"
polytheism
their capital was Damscus
Aramaeans
The Greek historian ________ called ancient Egypt "the gift of the Nile".
Herodotus
the biblical giant Goliath belonged to this warlike group of people
Philistines
"Palestine" means "Land of the _______"
Philistines
The Phoenicians introduced the use of the Bill of Sale and _________ as business practices.
written contracts
These poeple minted the first coins with a standard value as a medium of exchange
Lydians
Hebrew word for God
YAHWEH
A ______ was a Mesopotamian temple that resembled a step-pyramid. The Biblical "Tower of Babel" may have been one of these.
Ziggurat
first people to use a money system rather than bartering
Lydians
most famous sailors, shipbuilders, and navigators of the ancient Mediterranean Sea
Phoenicians
Who was the Phoenician goddess of love?
Ashtarte
Name four things credited to ancient Sumarians.
Arches
Bronze
Sundials
The Wheel
these people lived primarily in what is today modern Lebanon
Phoenicians
According to Greek historian Plutarch, they were "...people of bitterness...so strict as to dislike all humor and kindness"
Phoenicians
Match the terms:
Australopithecus, Homo Erectus, Homo Habilis, Homo Sapien
1.man who walks upright
2.southern ape
3.man who thinks
4.Man with ability
1.Homo Erectus
2.Australopithecus
3.Homo Sapien
4.Homo Habilis
they established colonies throughout the Mediterranean Sea region
Phoenicians