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5 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Manifesto of Tongmenghui
This soon led to the revolution of 1911 in central China and the old order of China is collapsed.

1) Drive out the Manchu:
o Manchu originally eastern barbarians beyond the Great Wall
2) Restore China:
o Government of China should be in the hands of the Chinese
3) Establish the Republic:
o equal rights for all people
4) Equalize land ownership:
-Create socialist state

This soon led to the revolution of 1911 in central China and the old order of China is collapsed.
Schlieffen Plan
• Military plan devised more than a decade earlier by German General Alfred von Schlieffen
• Assumed a two-front war with France and Russia
• Called for most of German forces to make a rapid invasion of France b/f Russia could be fully mobilized or b/f the English could cross the English Channel to assist France
• Invasion through Belgium would be fastest route to Paris
• After France was destroyed, Germany could turn its focus towards Russia
Leon Trotsky
 Chairmen of the Petrograd soviet
 Spellbinding revolutionary speaker
 Used skills to place military and political power in the hands of the Bolsheviks
 November 6, 1917 pro-Bolsheviks take control of Petrograd
 Provisional Government collapsed
Bolshevik revolutionary and Marxist theorist
nonviolence resistence developed by Mohandas Gandhi. He deployed satyagraha in campaigns for Indian independence and also during his struggles in South Africa. Satyagraha means “hold fast to the truth”
a. Goals
i. Convert British colonials to his views
ii. Strengthen the unity and self-respect of Indians
b. Organized mass protest to achieve his aims
i. British resist, violently at times
ii. Gandhi imprisoned for several years
c. Non-violent resistance
Balfour Declaration 1917
--Arthur Balfour- Foreign Minister of Great Britain
-“His Majesty’s Government views with favor the establishment in Palestine of a
National Home for the Jewish People, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate
the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be
done which may prejudice the civil and religious right of existing non-Jewish
communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any
other country.
 Balfour made contradictory promises to both Jews and Palestinian Arabs.
 Some argue that Balfour’s statement, on behalf of the British government, was just to justify wartime promises made to Jews in Germany and Austria during WWI.
Balfour Controversy---
 At this point only about 11% of the population of Palestine was Jewish
 Balfour’s Declaration which spoke of a “National Home for Jewish People” would be incompatible with majority rule.
 This would soon change . . . .