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23 Cards in this Set

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William Harvey
*English
*described circulation of blood for 1st time.
*showed how the heart serves as a pump to force blood through veins and arteries.
Anthony van Leeuwenhoek
*Dutch inventor
*perfected the microscope
*1st human to see cells and microorganisms.
baroque
courtly art and architecture:
grand, complex style

*huge, colorful, and full of excitement. Glorified battle scenes or the lives of saints.
rococo
style of art and architecture
*personal, elegant, and charming. Furniture and tapestries featured delicate shells and flowers.
Rembrandt van Rijn
*dutch painter
*conferred great dignity on merchants and other ordinary, middle-class subjects.
*painted many portraits of middle class people.
What kind of new musical entertainment evolved during this era?
Ballets and Operas
What kind of new musical entertainment evolved during this era?
Ballets and Operas
Johann Sebastian Bach
*German composer, and devout Lutheran
*wrote complex and beautiful religious works for the organ and choirs.
*-Brandenburg Concerto-
George Fredrick Handel
*German-born composer although he spent much time in England.
*-Water Music-
*-Messiah- :combines instruments and voices. today its standard at Christmas and Easter programs.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
*Austrian
*6 yr old prodigy
* over next 3 decadces his operas, symphonies, and religious works. Helped define the new style of composition
*died in poverty at 35.
Daniel Defoe
*English
*-Robinson Crusoe- :sailor shipwrecked on a tropical island.
Samuel Richardson
*English
*-Pamela- :used a series of letters to tell a story about a servant girl.
Francis Bacon
*English
*involved w/ the scientific method
*emphasized observation and reasoning.
*wanted science to make the life of people better by leading to practical technologies.
Rene Descartes
*French
*-Discourse on Method-
*emphasized human reasoning as the best road to understanding
*"I think, therefore I am"
Sir Isaac Newton
*English
*apple fall from a tree??
*named force of Gravity.
*using math, showed that a single force keeps the planets in their orbits around the sun.
*-Mathematical Principles on Natural Philosophy-
*all motion in the universe can be measured and described mathematically.
*calculus
Robert Boyle
*distinguished individual elements and chemical compounds.
*explained the effect of temperature and pressure on gases.
*work opened the way to modern chemical analysis of the composition of matter.
Andreas Vesalius
*-On the Structure of the Human Body-
*1st accurate and detailed study of the human anatomy.
Ambroise Paré
*French
*developed a new and more effective ointment for preventing infection.
*developed a technique for closing wounds with stitches.
Galileo Galilei
*scientist
*assembled an astronomical telescope.
*observed the 4 moons of Jupiter, seeing that they moved around the planet exactly the way copernicus said that the Earth moved around the sun.
*discoveries caused an uproar and was tried before the Inquisition, + w/drew statement in order not to die.
Ptolemy
Greek astronomer who's theories were accepted by European scholars until the mid 1500s. Matched the teachings of the church.
*earth is the center of the universe.
Nicolaus Copernicus
*Polish
*On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
*heliocentric, or sun-centered, model of the universe
* earth just one of the planets revolving around the sun.
Tycho Brahe
*Danish
*astronomer
*provided evidence that supported Copernicus' theory.
*set up an astronomical observatory and observed the sky accumulate data about the movements of the heavenly bodies every night for 8 years.
Johannes Kepler
*German astronomer +mathemetician
*Brahe's assistant
*calculated the orbits of the planets revolving around the sun .
* planets move in an ELLIPSE: oval-shaped orbit the planets move in.