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40 Cards in this Set

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Polis
Dominated Greek city-states during the Heroic Age
Heroic Age
Greek; named for the great homoeric epics, Iliad and Odyssey. Pottery is main surviving art form from this time.
Protogeometric Amphora
Amphora: a 2-handled vessel for liquid. Decorated with simple geometric designs: conecentric circles and semicircles, drawn with a compass.
Archaic Period
Kouros, kore, archaic smile Black figure and red figure vase painting.
The Canon
Written by Polykleitos about ideal male body proportions
Kithara
A larged plucked string instrument
Aulos
A double-piped wind insrument
Pythagoras and Consonant Intervals
Pythagoras discovered simple ratios underlying consonant intervals: 2:1=octave, 3:2-fifth, 4:3=fourth.
Doctrine of Ethos
music as emotion
ethos
the emotional power of music
Epitaph of Seikilos
inscribed on a tomb stele, one of the few surviving pieces of Greek music.
Arch, valut, dome
Arch: an efficient way to bear weight. Extended arch=barrel vault. Rotated arch=dome.
Oculus
in the pantheon; brings heavenly light into the dome
Fresco
means fresh. pigments applied to fresh plaster.
Mosaic
picture formed of many individual pieces called Tesserae.
Music
the art of organizing sound in time
Rythm
the controlledm ovement of music in time
a beat
the basic unit of length in musical time
the beat
the regular pulsation arising from a succession of beats
duragion
the length taken by a given musical event, usually measured in beats
meter
the group of beats into regular patterns of strong and weak beats
free rhythm
no recurring patterns
metrical rhythm
recurring patterns
accent
spcial emphasis on a beat
melody
a coherent sucession of single pitches
pitch
the highness or lowness of a tone
interval
the distance between two pitches
shape/countour
the direction a melody takes as it moves up and down
range
the distance between the melody's highest and lowest notes
phrase
a subdivision of the melody
harmony
relationships among simultaneously sounding pitches
chord
3 or more pitches sounding together
consonance
a concordant (blending) combination of musical pitches
dissonance
a discordant (clashing) combination of musical pitches
texture
the arrangement of various voice or instrument parts in relation to each other
monophony
a single melody
polyphony
2 or more simultaneous, independent melodies
counterpoint
the art of combining melodies
homophony
one main melody, with harmonic accompaniment
timbre
the distinctive tone quality or color of an instrument or group of instruments.