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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Tokugawa Ieyasu
Japan ruler, set up a government that lasted into the 19th century. Shogun in Tokugawa Shogunate.
Kind, made a library. Chinese ruler in the Qing dynasty. Met the expectations of Chinese and Manchu elites.
Lord George Macartney
Sent by British King George III on a mission to China to secure a place for British traders to live near the tea-producing areas. Would not erform kowtow (kneeling and bowing), was denied an audience in the palace.
Hereditary aristocrats at the top of Korean society. Owned most of land and government positions.
Yi Songgye
Korean general, saved the country from Japanese pirates. Staged a coup and seized the throne, founding the Choson (Yi) Dynasty. Made Seoul capital
Japanese shogun. Built the Silver Pavilion. Instituted tea.
Japanese actor and playwright, wrote on the aesthetic theory of No. Said the most meaningful moments came during silence.
Oda Nobunaga
Samurai of the lesser daimyo class, built his retainer band from masterless samurai. Motto was "rule by force". Forced to commit suicide.
C.P. Thunberg
Swedish scientist, physician to the Dutch at Deshima. Japanese looked on him as a scientific oracle, plied him with questions.
Accomplished persons. Attractive/talented girls trained in singing, dancing, and conversational arts. Became courtesans
Ihara Saikaku
Japanese, wrote stories of the foibles of townspeople in "Five Women who Loved Love" and "The Life of an Amorous Man".
Pius IX
Pope, gave support for unification of Italy until he was driven from Rome during an upheaval. Wrote "Syllabus of Errors", denounced rationalism, socialism, seperation of church and state, and religious liberty.
Jeremy Bentham
Radical English philosopher. Taught that public problems should be dealt with on a rational, scientific basis, according to the "greatest good for the greatest number."
Edwin Chadwick
Benthamite (follower of Bentham). Became convinced that disease and death caused poverty. Believed that disease could be prevented by sanitation.
Miasmatic Theory
The belief that people contract disease when they breathe the bad odors of decay and putrefying excrement.
Louis Pasteur
Developed the germ theory of disease. French chemist. Said fermentation could be suppressed by pasteurization.
Robert Koch
German doctor, developed pure cultures of harmful bacteria and described their life cycles.
Dmitri Mendeleev
Russian chemist, codified the rules of chemistry in the periodic law and table, provided the basis for organic chemistry.
Michael Faraday
Made discoveres in electromagnetism, which resulted in the first dynamo (generator)
Emile Zola
French novelist, strict determinist, realist
Leo Tolstoy
Greatest Russian novelist. Combined realism with atypical moralizing, wrote "War and Peace"
Theodor Herzl
Jewish journalist, turned from German nationalism to advocate Zionism.
Edward Bernstein
Socialist. Wrote "Evolutionary Socialism", said Marx's predictions of ever-growing poverty or workers had been proved false.
Jean Jaures
France, socialist leader. A gradualist.
Heinrich von Treitschke
German nationalist historian
Rudyard Kipling
Most influential British writer of 1890s, wrote about Anglo-Indian life.
J.A. Hobson
Radical English economist, wrote "Imperialism"
Joseph Conrad
Polish-born novelist wrote "Heart of Darkness", against civilizing Africa.
Constitution and short-lived parliament started by an Ottoman statesman. Designed to make the empire into a Western model.
Muhammed Ali
Albanian-born Turkish general in Egypt. Policies of modernization attracted Europeans to the Nile.
Jamal al-Din al-Afghani
Teacher and writer, lived in Cairo, preached Islamic regeneration and defense against Western/Christian aggression. Believed Islam iembodied modern rationalism
Muhammad Abduh
Searched for Muslim rejuvenation and launched the modern Islamic reform movement. Said Muslims should return to the purity of the earliest, most essential doctrines of Islam
Qasim Amin
Writer, found inspiration in the West. Wrote "The Liberation of Women", said superior education for European women had contributed greatly to the Islamic world's falling far behind the West.
Great Mutiny
Indian. Groups of sepoys revolved in what the British called "great mutiny" and the Indians called "great revolt"
Matthew Perry
Commodore, steamed into Edo (Tokyo) and demanded diplomatic negotiations with the emperor. Forced the Japanese to share their ports and behave as a "civilized"nation
Toussaint l'Ouverture
Freed slave. Led a revolution in Haiti, aroused elite fears of black revolt and warfare.
Simon Bolivar
Military leader. Offered slaves their freedom in exchange for military service.
John O'Sullivan
Editor of "United States Magazine and Democratic Review". Declared that foreign poewrs were trying to prevent American annexation of Texas.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Mexico surrendered its claims to Texas, gave up New Mexico and California, and recognized the Rio Grande as the international border
Herbert G. Gutman
Wrote "The Black Family in Slavery and Freedom", said that African Americans had strong family units despite slavery.
Jacob Riis
Newspaper reporter, Denmark immigrant. Wrote "How the Other Half Lives", drew national attention to New York's slums
Edward Hargraves
Australian-born prospector discovered gold in a creek in the Blue Mountains called Ophir. Gold fever convulsed Australia.