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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
time period before the writing system
prehistory
time after the writing system
history
the study of past people and cultures
archaeology
objects made by human beings
artifacts
records written down
written records
moving from place to place as they follow game animals and ripening fruit
nomads
the people who are settled in villages
villagers
people who plant and harvest crops
farmers
the oldest time period known; old stone age
paleothic
known as the new stone age; settled farmers
neolithic
when people first learned how to farm
agricultral revolution
the belief in more than one god/many gods
polytheism
the blief in one single god
monotheism
drawings of symbols and pictures on cave walls
cave paintings
thw valley areas around a river such as the nile in egypt or the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the middle east
river valleys
rich soil deposited from a river
silt
Characteristics of Civilizations
1.cities
2.well organized government
3.complex religions
4.job specializations
5.social classes
6.arts and architecture
7.public works
8.writing system
the spread and mix of beliefs and customs
cultral diffusion
people ranked according to their jobs(priests,merchants,artisans,peasant,farmers,slaves
social classes
usually ranked as the highest social class. religious leaders
priests
specially trained people who learned to read and write
scribes
lowest social class; forced to work for no money
slaves
the history of ancient egpyt is divided into three main periods
Old
Middle
New
old kingdom is known as becaouse the egytians bulit many pyramids
pyramid age
sun god
amon-re
ruled over the underworld, but was also god of the Nile
Osiris
had a special appealed for women,believed in life after death
Isis
believing in life after death
afterlife
were used to keep important records
hieroglyphics
helped unravel the mysterious writings on Egypt's great monuments
Rosetta Stone
river that served as a trade route
Nile River
female ruler of new kingdom, greatest expedition was trade with eastern Mediterranean lands
Hathsheput
means "he who serves aton"
Akhenaton
invaded epgyt and discovered iron making
Hittites
a plant that grows along the banks of the nile
papyrus
invaded and ended middle kingdom in egpyt
hyskos
rivers that define mesopotamia which means "between the rivers"
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
poltical unit made up of a city and the surronding lands
city-state
built with earth and water, made first wheeled vechiles
Sumerians
wet clay tablets,stylus/reed pen-wedge marks
cuneiform
largest buildings
ziggurats
oldest literature,about the underworld
The Epic of Gilgamesh
pushe frontiers of learning nito new areas. atsronomy came about
babylonians
300 laws on a stone pillar
Code of Hammurabi
rebuilt canals,temples,walls,palaces, built the hanging gardens
Nebuchadnezzer
conquered largest empire yet, controlled asia minor to india
Persians
governor who ruled provinces
satrap
Perian thinker who helped to unite the empire
Zoroaster
persian ruler who divided the government up into provinces
Darius
first to have coins
Lydian
created the alphabet
Phoenicans
believed in many gods and lived by the book of Torah
Hebrews
scattering of people
diaspora
river that gives India its name
Indus River
indo-eurpean people who migrated across Europe and Asis seeking water and pasture for cattle
Aryans
written language
Sanskirt