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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Alexander the Great
Died in 323 BC
Classical Neandertals
70,000 years ago
Constantine the Great
died 337 AD
domestication of Maize in Mesoamerica
~5000BC
Earliest writing in SW Asia
~3200 BC
Earliest sites in Australia
4000 BC
First cereal agriculture in SW Asia
rye - 11000 BC
wheat and barley - 8900 BC
First cities in Mesoamerica
1500 BC
Wheat and Barley in the Nile Valley
5000 BC
First villages in South Asia
~6500 BC
Giza Pyramids, Egypt
2500 BC
Oldest Indus Cities
2600 BC
Irrigation, SW Asia
~5900 BC
Jamon Pottery, Japan
~14,000 BC
Lascaux Cave Paintings, France
~18,000 BC
Oldest Pottery in SW North America
~0 AD
Sack of Rome
410 AD
Settled Agricultural Villages in East Asia
6000 BC
Stonehenge, England
2800 - 1800 BC
Younger Dryas
10,800 BC- 9,600 BC
Monte Verde
~14000 BP
Beringia exposed
last exposed 34,000-11,000 BP
Longest exposure 22,000-19,000 BP
ice free corridor closed
22,000-14,000 BP
clovis
11,000 BP
preservation bias
stone survives better than organics
Pre-Clovis sites
Meadowcroft Rockshelter, Cactus Hill, Topper, Monte Verde
Paul S. Martin
Pleistocene Overkill Hypothesis
Kennewick Man
found along Columbia river
9300 BP
Megafaunal extinctions
35 genera now extinct
pro overkill hypothesis
big game favored by hunters
slow breeding
survivors were nocturnal and/or mountain or deep forest dwellers
against overkill hypothesis
of 35 genera, only 2 shows signs of hunting
only 8 became extinct between 12,000-10,000 BP, when clovis hunters arrived
Iceman
5300 years old
pushed back transition to copper age
medicinal tattoos
killed by arrowpoint
antiquaries
traded and collected antiques and relics
focus on object not on peoples
thunderbolts
flints, people thought they were metal hit by lightning and turned to stone
Michel Mercati
first man to say Thunderbolts were really a stone
Georges Cuvier
paleontologist
could date fossils
Thompson
3 age system
stone, bronze, iron
Altamora
discovery of cave painting
1879
C14 dating appeared
1949
cultural evolution
hunting and gathering > incipient agriculture > formative (intense farming) > regional florescence (irrigation, cities) > cyclical conquests > (metals, trade)
state evolution
bands, tribes, chiefdoms, states
pottery widespread in fertile crescent
7000 BC
Chatal Huyuk
flourishes 6500 BC
one of first large cities
no doors
mesoamerica chronology
archaic 7000-2000 (bands to tribes)
early-mid formative 2000-400 (tribes to chiefdoms)
late formative 400-AD 250 (state formation)
classic 250-1000 (states)
postclassic 1000-1521 (empires)
Eridu
not a city, big town
grew over 2000 years
water god enki
extensive temple sequence
temples distribution centers for grains
a city
Size-pop in thousands
Packed density
Status differences
Economic specialization
Arts, ceremonialism
Goods, food distribution
Political structure, leadership
Hierarchy
Octavius
Julius Caesar's nephew, adopted
august
associated with Jupiter
altar of peace
built after military victory
surrounds himself with history
Teotihuacan
planned on a grid
pyramids of sun and moon
calle de los muertos
worship out of doors
canalized river to fit grid
temple of quetzalcoatl
decapitated warriors buried in 9 and 18
18 months of the year
9 layers of the underworld
Teotihuacan style
tripod pot, painted lime stucco
talud tablero architecture
John Lloyd Stevens
bought Copan for $50 in 1839
Antonio del Rio
said Palenque people related to Romans 1822
Kunich Yax Kuk Mo
founder of Copan
not from Teotihuacan, from a related city