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35 Cards in this Set

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1. wild uproar or unrestrained disorder; tumult or chaos.
2. a place or scene of riotous uproar or utter chaos.
3. Hell, or the abode of all the demons.
performed, exercised, received, or suffered in place of another: vicarious punishment.
taking the place of another person or thing; acting or serving as a substitute.
felt or enjoyed through imagined participation in the experience of others: a vicarious thrill.
Physiology . noting or pertaining to a situation in which one organ performs part of the functions normally performed by another.

Having its original purity, uncorrupted, untouched, undefiled (ie: snow)
Warmth, friendliness, geniality, heartiness.
1. a servile follower or subordinate of a person in power.
2. a favored or highly regarded person.
3. a minor official.
1. a little world; a world in miniature ( opposed to macrocosm).
2. anything that is regarded as a world in miniature.
3. human beings, humanity, society, or the like, viewed as an epitome or miniature of the world or universe.
1. being more than is sufficient or required; excessive.
2. unnecessary or needless.
3. Obsolete . possessing or spending more than enough or necessary; extravagant.
a mark, trace, or visible evidence of something that is no longer present or in existence: A few columns were the last vestiges of a Greek temple.
a surviving evidence or remainder of some condition, practice, etc.: These superstitions are vestiges of an ancient religion.
a very slight trace or amount of something: Not a vestige remains of the former elegance of the house.
Biology . a degenerate or imperfectly developed organ or structure that has little or no utility, but that in an earlier stage of the individual or in preceding evolutionary forms of the organism performed a useful function.
Archaic . a footprint; track.
A small degenerate or rudimentary organ or part existing in an organism as a usually nonfunctioning remnant of an organ or part fully developed and functional in a preceding generation or earlier developmental stage.
devoid of freshness or originality;

Common in a boring way, to the point of being predictable; containing nothing new or fresh

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

a person who functions in a specified capacity, especially in government service; an official: civil servants, bureaucrats, and other functionaries.
to treat (a person) as a celebrity: to lionize the visiting poet.
the place of the heroes or idols of any group, individual, movement, party, etc., or the heroes or idols themselves

to earn a place in the pantheon of American literature.

1. resisting authority or control; not obedient or compliant; refractory
2. hard to deal with, manage, or operate.

A recalcitrant person

Latin = to kick back w/ the heels
a person under the patronage, protection, or care of someone interested in his or her career or welfare.
1. of or pertaining to an island or islands: insular rocks
2. detached; standing alone; isolated.
3. narrow-minded or illiberal: insular attitudes toward foreigners.

Extraordinary in some bad way; glaring; flagrant:

an egregious mistake; an egregious liar.
1. having the same measure; of equal extent or duration.
2. corresponding or equal in amount, magnitude, or degree
3. proportionate; adequate.

1. understood without being openly expressed; implied: tacit approval.
2. silent; saying nothing; unvoiced-- a tacit partner or prayer
1. painfully difficult or burdensome work; toil.
2. pain, anguish or suffering resulting from mental or physical hardship.
3. the pain of childbirth.

–verb (used with object)
1. to speak damagingly of; criticize in a derogatory manner; defame

to denigrate someone's character.
2. To treat or represent as lacking in value or importance; belittle; disparage:

to denigrate someone's contributions to a project. blacken: rain clouds denigrating the sky.
–verb (used without object)
1. To come together or assemble, usually for some public purpose.

–verb (used with object)
2. to cause to assemble; to summon to appear, [as before a judicial officer]
(Pronounced: im-peh-tis)
1. A moving force; impulse; stimulus: The grant for building the opera house gave impetus to the city's cultural life.

2. Momentum of a moving body, especially with reference to the cause of motion.
(Pronounced: pra-pish-us)
1. presenting favorable conditions; favorable: propitious weather.
2.favorably inclined; disposed to bestow favors or forgive: propitious gods.
1.disposed or inclined to revenge; vengeful: a vindictive person.
2.proceeding from or showing a revengeful spirit: vindictive rumors.
(Pronounced: quinn-tess-uhnce)
1. the pure and concentrated essence of a substance.
2. the most perfect embodiment of something.
3. (in ancient and medieval philosophy) the fifth essence or element, ether, supposed to be the constituent matter of the heavenly bodies, the others being air, fire, earth, and water.
Something that holds the various elements of a complicated structure together:

The monarchy was the linchpin of the nation's traditions and society.
–verb (used without object)
1. to differ in sentiment or opinion, especially from the majority; withhold assent; disagree (often followed by from ): Two of the justices dissented from the majority decision.
2. to disagree with the methods, goals, etc., of a political party or government; take an opposing view.
3. to disagree with or reject the doctrines or authority of an established church.
4. difference of sentiment or opinion.
as in dissenting opinion.

person who dissents- dissident
–verb (used with object)
1. to obtain or get by care, effort, or the use of special means: to procure evidence.
2. to bring about, especially by unscrupulous and indirect means: to procure secret documents.
3. to obtain (a person) for the purpose of prostitution.
a tendency to think favorably of something in particular; partiality; preference: a predilection for Bach.
1. a subtle difference or distinction in expression, meaning, response, etc.
2. a very slight difference or variation in color or tone.
plucky; spirited.
inclined to quarrel or fight readily; quarrelsome; belligerent; combative; argumentative
–verb (used with object), -gat·ed, -gat·ing.
1. to send or consign to an inferior position, place, or condition: He has been relegated to a post at the fringes of the diplomatic service.
2. to consign or commit (a matter, task, etc.), as to a person: He relegates the less pleasant tasks to his assistant.
3. to assign or refer (something) to a particular class or kind.
4. to send into exile; banish.
(Pronounced "con-ten-shis")
1. tending to argument or strife; quarrelsome: a contentious crew.
2. causing, involving, or characterized by argument or controversy: contentious issues.
3. Law . pertaining to causes between contending parties.
–verb (used with object):
to scold harshly; rebuke:
He berated them in public.