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285 Cards in this Set

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rabble
mob; noisy crowd
rabid
of or suffering rabies; like a fanatic; extremely zealous; furious; CF. rabies: hydrophobia
rabies
disease passed on by the bite of an infected animal (causing madness and death)
raconteur
story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill
raffle
lottery; V: award as a prize in a raffle; Ex. raffle off a new car
rag
scrap of cloth; ADJ. ragged: old and torn; seeming unfinished and imperfect; Ex. ragged debut/performance
ragamuffin
dirty child in torn clothes; person wearing tattered clothes
rail
complain bitterly; scold; rant; Ex. the weaker railing against injustices
raiment
clothing; garments; Ex. I have no raiment fit to wear.
rake
immoral or dissolute person
rake
angle of a slope; V: slant from the perpendicular
rakish
jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; Ex. He wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle.
rally
come or bring together; call up or summon (forces, vital powers, etc.); revive or recuperate (after illness or difficulty); N: act of rallying; mass gathering
ram
male sheep; V. strike or drive against with a heavy impact
ramble
wander aimlessly (physically or mentally); digress
ramification
branching out; subdivision; one branch of a system; one of the results following from an action or decision; Ex. ramifications of a business/the decision
ramify
branch out; divide into branches or subdivisions
ramp
slope; inclined plane or roadway (connecting two levels)
rampant
growing or spreading uncontrollably; growing in profusion; unrestrained; Ex. rampant lawlessness/weed
rampart
defensive mound of earth
ramshackle
(of a building or vehicle) poorly constructed; rickety; falling apart
rancid
having the odor of stale or decomposing fat; rank
rancor
long-lasting hatred; bitterness; Ex. negotiation without rancor; ADJ. rancorous
random
without definite purpose, plan, or aim; haphazard; Ex. random shots; Ex. chosen at random
rank
offensive in odor or flavor
rankle
irritate; fester; annoy
ransack
search thoroughly; pillage (going through a place); Ex. Enemy soldiers ransacked the town.
rant
speak violently or excitedly; rave; talk excitedly showing anger; scold; make a grandiloquent speech; Ex. The priest ranted about the devil.
rapacious
voracious; ravenous; taking everything one can; excessively grasping; plundering; subsisting on live prey; Ex. rapacious birds
rapport
close relationship; emotional closeness; harmony
rapt
engrossed; absorbed; enchanted; Ex. rapt listener
rapture
great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous
rare
(of air) thin in density; rarefied; Ex. rare air of the mountains
rarefied
made less dense (of a gas); V. rarefy: make less dense; N. rarefaction
rasp
(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; Ex. The cat's tongue rasped my hand.
raspy
making a harsh noise; grating; harsh
ratify
approve formally; confirm; verify
ratiocination
reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises; V. ratiocinate: reason logically
ration
fixed portion; V: distribute as rations
rational
(of a person) having reason; (of ideas) based on reason; logical
rationale
fundamental reason or principle (on which a system or principle is based); fundamental reason or justification; grounds for an action
rationalize
make rational; devise false reasons for (one's behavior); offer an excuse; give a plausible reason for an action in place of a true, less admirable ones; N. rationalization
raucous
(of voice) harsh and unpleasant; (of people) disorderly and boisterous; Ex. raucous shouts
ravage
devastate; plunder; despoil; Ex. crops ravaged by storms
rave
overwhelmingly favorable review; V: talk wildly as if mad; Ex. raving lunatic
ravel
fall apart into tangles; entangle; unravel or untwist
ravenous
extremely hungry; voracious
ravine
narrow valley with steep sides; gorge; CF. gully, canyon
raze
destroy completely; Ex. raze the city to the ground
reactionary
strongly opposed to social or political change; opposing progress; politically ultraconservative; N. OP. radical
realm
kingdom; field or sphere; Ex. not within the realms of possibility
reaper
one who harvests grain; Ex. the Grim Reaper; V. reap: cut and gather (crop); harvest a crop
rebate
return of part of a payment; discount; V.
rebuff
reject bluntly; snub; beat back; Ex. She rebuffed his invitation; N.
rebuke
scold harshly; criticize severely
rebus
representation of words in the form of pictures or symbols; puzzle in which pictures or letters stand for words; Ex. ``R U 18'' is a rebus for ``Are you 18''.
rebuttal
refutation; response with contrary evidence; V. rebut: refute; disprove
recalcitrant
disobedient or resisting authority even after being punished; obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly; Ex. recalcitrant child
recant
disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error; Ex. recant one's faith/a statement
recapitulate
summarize
recast
reconstruct (a sentence, story, statue, etc.); fashion again
receptive
quick or willing to receive (ideas, suggestions, etc.); Ex. receptive to the proposal
recess
pause; temporary cessation; alcove; secret inner place; Ex. parliament in recess; V. CF. recessive
recession
withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity
recidivism
habitual return to crime (even after being punished); N. recidivist
recipient
receiver
reciprocal
mutual; given and received in return; exchangeable; interacting; Ex. reciprocal trade agreement
reciprocate
do or give something in return; repay in kind; give or take mutually; interchange; move backwards and forwards; Ex. reciprocate his invitation by inviting him; N. reciprocity: reciprocal relationship; mutual interchange of advantages between two groups; Ex. reciprocity in trading rights
recital
act of reciting publicly; detailed account; performance of music or dance (by a solo performer)
recite
repeat aloud (something learned); describe; Ex. recite his complaints; N. recitation
reckon
count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
recline
lie down
recluse
hermit; loner; ADJ. reclusive
reconcile
make friendly again (after quarrel); make consistent (two ideas in opposition); correct inconsistencies; Ex. reconcile one's political principles with one's religious beliefs
recondite
abstruse; not easily understood; profound; secret
reconnaissance
survey of enemy by soldiers; reconnoitering; V. reconnoiter: make a preliminary inspection of (esp. to gather military information)
recount
narrate or tell (a story); count over again
recourse
resorting to help when in trouble; Ex. without recourse to
recreant
disloyal; cowardly; N: disloyal and cowardly person
recrimination
countercharges; V. recriminate
rectify
set right; correct; CF. rect-: right
rectitude
moral correctness; moral uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment
recumbent
reclining; lying down completely or in part
recuperate
recover; return to health; regain; Ex. recuperate losses
recurrent
occurring again and again
redolent
odorous; fragrant; suggestive (of an odor); Ex. redolent of onions/mystery
redoubtable
formidable; causing fear
redress
remedy; compensation; Ex. seek redress for the damage to your car; V: put right; remedy or rectify (a wrong); make amends for
reduce
diminish; bring to a weaker or more difficult condition; demote; lower in rank; separate into components by analysis; Ex. reduced to the ranks; Ex. reduce the house to rubble; N. reduction
redundant
superfluous; more than is necessary; verbose; excessively wordy; repetitious
reek
emit (an unpleasant odor or smoke); give off an unpleasant odor; give out smoke; Ex. reeking chimney; N: unpleasant odor; stench
refectory
dining hall; room where meals are served (in a school)
referendum
direct vote by all the people
refraction
bending of a ray of light
refractory
unmanageable; disobedient and stubborn; Ex. refractory horse
refrain
abstain from; resist; forbear; N: chorus
refulgent
effulgent; brilliant; brightly shining; gleaming; Ex. refulgent moon
refurbish
renovate; make clean, bright, or fresh (make new) again; make bright by polishing; Ex. refurbish an old theater; CF. furbish: polish
refuse
anything discarded or rejected as worthless; trash
refute
disprove; prove to be false; N. refutation
regal
royal; of a monarch; Ex. regal manner
regale
entertain
regatta
boat or yacht race
regeneration
spiritual rebirth; Ex. regeneration of the prisoners; V. regenerate: give or obtain new life; reform spiritually
regent
a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent
regicide
murder of a king or queen
regime
method of system or government
regimen
prescribed course of diet or exercise; prescribed diet and habits; Ex. daily regimen of a dancer
regiment
military unit; V: subject to strict order; Ex. regimented society
rehabilitate
restore to proper condition (health or useful life); restore the former rank of
reimburse
repay; pay back
reinstate
restore to a previous condition or position
reiterate
repeat
rejoinder
reply; retort; comeback; V. rejoin: say in reply
rejuvenate
make young again
relapse
return to a former state (esp. after improvement); N.
relegate
put into a lower or worse place; banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign; Ex. relegate the old furniture to the children's room; Ex. relegated to the second division
relent
become less severe; give in(surrender); ADJ. relentless: unyielding; continuously severe
relevant
having importance; pertinent; referring to the case in hand; N. relevance, relevancy
relic
surviving remnant (from an extinct culture); memento; keepsake; relics: corpse; Ex. ancient relics; Ex. relics of his travel; Ex. His relics are buried at X.
religious
of religion; (of a person) pious; having reverence for a deity
relinquish
give up something (with reluctance); yield; release; Ex. relinquish power/the claim to the land/his hold on my arm
relish
enjoy; savor; N: enjoyment; zest
remediable
reparable
reminiscence
recollection; V. reminisce: recollect the past
reminiscent
suggestive of something (in the past); of reminiscence
remiss
negligent; careless about a duty
remission
temporary moderation (of disease symptoms); remitting of a debt or punishment; cancelation of a debt; pardon; Ex. The disease went into remission; Ex. Christians pray for the remission of sins.
remit
transmit (money) in payment; free someone from a debt or punishment
remittance
remitting of money; amount of money remitted
remnant
remainder
remonstrate
protest; objection; V. remonstrate: say in protest
remorse
deep regret for wrongdoing; guilt; self-reproach
remote
distant in manner; aloof
remunerative
(of work) compensating; rewarding; profitable; well-paid; V. remunerate: reward; pay (someone) for work or trouble
rend
split; tear apart; N. rent; CF. heartrending: causing deep sorrow
render
give; deliver; provide; represent in verbal or artistic form; depict; perform; make; translate; Ex. render the song beautifully
rendezvous
meeting place; meeting at a set time or place; V.
rendition
rendering; translation; artistic interpretation of a song, etc
renegade
deserter; traitor; ADJ.
renege
break a promise; deny; go back on; Ex. renege on the contract/paying off the debt
renounce
abandon; give up (by formal announcement); disown; repudiate; Ex. renounce one's claim to the property/one's religion; N. renunciation
renovate
restore to good condition; renew
renown
fame; ADJ. renowned
rent
tear made by rending; rip; split
reparable
capable of being repaired
reparation
compensation (for loss or wrong); amends; Ex. make reparation for the damage; CF. repair
repartee
quick clever reply
repast
meal; feast; banquet
repeal
revoke; annul
repel
drive away; disgust; Ex. repel the attack/moisture; Ex. repelled by the dirty room; CF. repulsion
repellent
driving away; disgusting; offensive; repulsive; unattractive; N.
repercussion
rebound; reaction; reverberation; Ex. serious repercussion
repertoire
list of works of music, drama, etc., a performer is prepared to present; CF. repertory
repine
fret; complain; be annoyed; Ex. repine over the undone work
replenish
fill up again
replete
fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; Ex. report replete with errors
replica
copy
replicate
reproduce; duplicate
repose
resting; state of being at rest; calmness; V: lie at rest; relax; put or place; Ex. repose our hopes in a single man
repository
storehouse
reprehensible
deserving blame; blameworthy; V. reprehend: blame
representational
(of a style of art) showing things as they actually appear in real life
repress
hold back (the natural expression of); restrain; crush; oppress; Ex. repressed child; Ex. repress a laugh/rebellion
reprieve
postponement or cancelation of a punishment; temporary stay; V: postpone or cancel the punishment of
reprimand
reprove severely; rebuke; N.
reprisal
retaliation
reprise
musical repetition; repeating of a piece of music; repeat performance; recurrent action; Ex. reprise in the finale; Ex. constant reprises
reproach
blame (not angrily but sadly); express disapproval or disappointment; N. ADJ. reproachful
reprobate
morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; CF. disapproved by God ?
reprobation
severe disapproval; CF. approbation
reprove
censure; rebuke; N. reproof
repudiate
disown; disavow; deny
repugnance
disgust; strong dislike; loathing; ADJ. repugnant: arousing disgust; repulsive
repulse
reject with rudeness or coldness (an offer or friendship); drive back (an enemy attack); CF. repulse $\neq$ cause repulsion
repulsion
distaste; disgust; act of driving back; ADJ. repulsive: causing disgust; tending to drive away; V. repel (not `repulse')
reputable
respectable; having a good reputation
reputed
supposed; Ex. reputed father of the child; V. repute: consider; N. repute: reputation; esteem
requiem
mass for the dead; dirge
requisite
necessary requirement; something required; ADJ: required; necessary
requisition
formal demand or request; Ex. requisition for more computing equipment; V.
requite
make return for; repay; reciprocate; revenge; N. requittal
rescind
repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)
resentment
indignation; bitterness; displeasure; V. resent: feel anger about
reserve
self-control; self-restraint; formal but distant manner; reticence; Ex. without reserve: freely and openly; ADJ. reserved: shy and uncommunicative
residual
remaining; left over; of a residue; N: residue
residue
remainder; balance
resign
give up (a position, right, or claim); submit (oneself) passively
resignation
patiently submissiveness; statement that one is quitting a job; ADJ. resigned: acquiescent
resilient
elastic; having the power of springing back; able to recover quickly (as from misfortune)
resolution
determination; resoluteness; ADJ. resolute: firm or determined in purpose
resolve
decide; settle; solve; separate; make a determined decision; N. resolution
resolve
determination; resolution; firmness of purpose
resonant
(of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance; Ex. resonant voice; N. resonance
resort
turn to for help; Ex. resort to violence; N.
resound
(of a place) be filled with sound; (of a sound) sound loudly; sound back; echo; Ex. hall resounded with laughter
resourceful
clever and imaginative (in dealing with difficult situations); N. resource, resourcefulness
respiration
breathing; exhalation; ADJ. respiratory
respite
time for rest; interval of relief; delay in punishment; reprieve
resplendent
brilliant; splendid in appearance; dazzling; glorious
responsiveness
state of reacting readily to appeals, orders, etc.; ADJ. responsive: readily reacting; Ex. responsive to treatment
restitution
returning something (lost or stolen) to the rightful owner; reparation; indemnification; compensation for loss, damage, or injury
restive
impatiently restless (induced by external coercion or restriction); restlessly impatient; obstinately resisting control; Ex. restive horses because of wolves; CF. not a general synonym for `restless'
restraint
moderation or self-control; controlling force; restriction
resumption
taking up again; recommencement; V. resume: begin or take up again; take or occupy again; Ex. Kindly resume your seats.
resurge
rise again; flow to and fro; N. resurgence; ADJ. resurgent: (of ideas or beliefs) experiencing revival; surging again
resurrect
revive
resuscitate
revive; bring back to life or consciousness; Ex. resuscitate the drowned child
retain
keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); N. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor
retaliate
repay in kind (usually for bad treatment); V. retaliate
retard
delay (in development); ADJ. retarded: (as of a child) slower in development
retentive
holding; able to retain things (esp. facts in the mind); having a good memory
reticent
inclined to silence; uncommunicative; reserved; Ex. He was reticent about the reasons; N. reticence
retinue
following; attendants
retiring
shy and reserved (of a person); modest; Ex. her retiring personality
retort
quick sharp reply; V.
retract
withdraw; take back; draw back; Ex. retract a statement/an offer/claws; N. retraction; CF. retractile
retrench
cut down; cut down expenses; economize
retribution
deserved punishment for wrongdoing; punishment for offenses; compensation; vengeance; CF. pay back
retrieve
recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; Ex. retrieve the situation
retroactive
taking effect before its enactment (as a law) or imposition (as a tax); (of a law) having effect on the past as well as the future
retrograde
go backwards; recede; degenerate; deteriorate; ADJ.
retrospective
looking back on the past; N. retrospection; V. retrospect
revelry
boisterous merrymaking; V. revel: engage boisterous festivities; enjoy greatly; N: boisterous festivity or celebration
reverberate
echo repeatedly; resound; Ex. The thunder reverberated across the valley.
reverend
deserving reverence; N: priest
reverent
respectful; worshipful; V. revere: regard with reverence; N. reverence: profound respect
reverie
daydream; abstracted musing
revert
relapse; backslide; turn back to; return to the former owner; N. reversion
revile
attack with abusive language; vilify(slander)
revoke
cancel; retract; CF. irrevocable
revulsion
sudden strong feeling of disgust; sudden violent change of feeling; negative reaction; Ex. revulsion from the scenes of torture
rhapsodize
speak or write in an exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner; Ex. rhapsodize over the beauty of the scenery
rhapsody
excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling; musical composition of irregular form (as if made up as one plays it)
rhetoric
art of effective communication; art of using language effectively and persuasively; style of speaking or writing; grandiloquent language; Ex. political rhetoric; ADJ. rhetorical; CF. rhetorical question: question to which no answer is expected as ``Who knows it ?''
ribald
marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke
rickety
(of buildings) likely to break or fall apart; of rickets; CF. rickets; CF. vitamin D
riddle
pierce with holes; permeate or spread throughout; Ex. The gunman riddled the car with bullets; Ex. The whole report is riddled with errors; N. large sieve (separating earth from stone)
rider
amendment or clause added to a legislative bill
rife
(of something bad) widespread; abundant; current
rift
narrow opening in a large mass; break in a friendly relation; Ex. through a rift in the clouds; OP. reconcilation
rig
arrangement of masts and sails; V: equip (a ship) with rigging; ADJ. rigging: ropes that hold up a ship's sails
rig
fix or manipulate; manipulate dishonestly for personal gain; Ex. rig the election
righteous
morally upright; just
rightful
legally correct; Ex. rightful owner
rigid
hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; Ex. rigid rule
rigor
severity; Ex. rigors of the Russian winter
rile
irritate; vex; muddy
rip
tear or be torn quickly and violently; Ex. The sail ripped under the force of the wind; N.
rivet
metal pin used for fastening metal plates together; V: fasten with a rivet; engross
riveting
holding one's attention; absorbing; engrossing
rivulet
small stream; CF. rill < rivulet < river
robust
strong; vigorous
rococo
ornate; highly decorated; N. CF. 18th century
roil
make liquids murky by stirring up sediment; disturb
rolling
(of land) rising and falling in long gentle slopes; happening continuously by stages; Ex. rolling devolution of power to local governments
romp
play or frolic boisterously; gambol; N.
rooster
cock; adult male chicken
roseate
rosy; optimistic; Ex. roseate views
roster
list (of names)
rostrum
raised platform for speech-making; pulpit
rote
repetition; memorization through repetition without understanding; Ex. learn poetry by rote
rotund
(of a person) fat and round
rotunda
circular building or hall covered with a dome
rotundity
roundness; sonorousness of speech
rou\'e
lecherous man
rousing
lively; inducing excitement; stirring; V. rouse: waken; arouse from sleep or depression; excite; stir up
rout
put to rout; stampede; drive out; N: complete defeat and disorderly retreat
rubble
fragments (esp. from a destroyed building)
rubric
title or heading (in red print); directions for religious ceremony; protocol
ruddy
reddish; (of the face) reddish and healthy-looking
rudimentary
elementary; not developed; crude; N. rudiment: fundamental element or principle; Ex. rudiments of the language
rue
regret; lament; mourn; Ex. He will rue the day; N. ADJ. rueful
ruffian
violent scoundrel; bully
rumble
make or move with a deep rolling sound (as thunder or stomach)
ruminant
animal that ruminates; ADJ.
ruminate
chew over and over (mentally or, like cows, physically); mull over(ponder)
rummage
ransack; thoroughly search
run-down
(of a place) dilapidated; in a bad condition; (of a person) weak or exhausted
runic
mysterious; set down in an ancient alphabet; N. rune: one of the letters of an alphabet used by ancient Germanic peoples (cut on stone or wood); magic charm
ruse
trick to deceive; stratagem
rustic
pertaining to country people; unsophisticated; simple; crude; uncouth; (of furniture) rough with the bark left on; N. rural person; rustic person
rusticate
banish to the country; dwell in the country
rustle
make slight sounds like silk moving or being rubbed together
ruthless
pitiless; merciless; cruel